United States twenty dollar bill Language Watch Edit The United States twenty dollar bill 20 is a denomination of U S currency A portrait of Andrew Jackson the seventh U S president 1829 1837 has been featured on the obverse of the bill since 1928 the White House is featured on the reverse Twenty dollars United States Value 20Width156 mmHeight66 3 mmWeightc 1 0 1 gSecurity featuresSecurity fibers watermark security thread color shifting ink micro printing raised printing EURion constellationMaterial used75 cotton 25 linenYears of printing1861 presentObverseDesignAndrew JacksonDesign date2003ReverseDesignWhite HouseDesign date2003 As of December 2018 the average life of a 20 bill in circulation is 7 8 years before it is replaced due to wear 2 About 11 of all notes printed in 2009 were 20 bills 3 Twenty dollar bills are delivered by Federal Reserve Banks in violet straps Contents 1 History 1 1 Large sized notes 1 2 Small size notes 1 3 Series dates 1 3 1 Small size 2 Proposal for a woman s portrait 2 1 Trump administration 2 2 Biden administration 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory EditLarge sized notes Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed July 2008 Learn how and when to remove this template message 1863 20 Legal Tender note 1880 20 Legal Tender depicting Alexander Hamilton Series 1905 20 gold certificate 1914 20 Federal Reserve Note 1861 A demand note with the Goddess of Liberty holding a sword and shield on the front and an abstract design on the back The back is printed green 1862 A note that is very similar the first 20 United States note The back is different with several small variations extant 1863 A gold certificate 20 note with an Eagle vignette on the face The reverse has a 20 gold coin and various abstract elements The back is orange 1865 A national bank note with The Battle of Lexington and Pocahontas s marriage to John Rolfe in black and a green border 1869 A new United States note design with Alexander Hamilton on the left side of the front and Victory holding a shield and sword The back design is green 1875 As above except with a different reverse 1878 A silver certificate 20 note with a portrait of Stephen Decatur on the right side of the face The back design is black 1882 A new gold certificate with a portrait of James Garfield on the right of the face The back is orange and features an eagle 1882 A new national bank note The front is similar but the back is different and printed in brown 1886 A new silver certificate 20 note with Daniel Manning on the center of the face 1890 A treasury coin note with John Marshall on the left of the face Two different backs exist both with abstract designs 1902 A new national bank note The front features Hugh McCulloch and the back has a vignette of an allegorical America 1905 A new gold certificate 20 note with George Washington on the center of the face The back design is orange 1914 A Federal Reserve Note Small size notes Edit Series 1928 20 small size Federal Reserve Note Series 1929 20 National Currency note issued by the Cleveland Federal Reserve Bank Series 1995 20 Federal Reserve Note basically unchanged since Series 1950 Series 1996 20 Federal Reserve Note The security strip in a twenty dollar bill glows green under a blacklight Andrew Jackson first appeared on the 20 bill in 1928 Although 1928 coincides with the 100th anniversary of Jackson s election as president it is not clear why the portrait on the bill was switched from Grover Cleveland to Jackson Cleveland s portrait was moved to the new 1000 bill the same year According to the U S Treasury Treasury Department records do not reveal the reason that portraits of these particular statesmen were chosen in preference to those of other persons of equal importance and prominence 4 The placement of Jackson on the 20 bill may be a historical irony as president he vehemently opposed both the National Bank and paper money and made the goal of his administration the destruction of the National Bank 5 6 In his farewell address to the nation he cautioned the public about paper money 7 1914 Began as a large sized note a portrait of Grover Cleveland on the face and on the back a steam locomotive and an automobile approaching from the left and a steamship approaching from the right 1918 A federal reserve banknote with Grover Cleveland on the front and a back design similar to the 1914 Federal Reserve Note 1928 Switched to a small sized note with a portrait of Andrew Jackson on the face and the south view of the White House on the reverse The banknote is redeemable in gold or silver at the bearer s discretion at any Federal Reserve Bank 1933 With the U S having abandoned the gold standard the bill is no longer redeemable in gold but rather in lawful money meaning silver 1942 A special emergency series with brown serial numbers and HAWAII overprinted on both the front and the back is issued These notes are designed to circulate on the islands and be deemed invalid in the event of a Japanese invasion 1948 The White House picture was updated to reflect renovations to the building itself including the addition of the Truman Balcony as well as the passage of time Most notably the trees are larger The change occurred during production of Series 1934C 1950 Design elements like the serial numbers are reduced in size and moved around subtly presumably for aesthetic reasons 1963 Will Pay To The Bearer On Demand is removed from the front of the bill below the portrait and the legal tender designation is shortened to This note is legal tender for all debts public and private eliminating and is redeemable in lawful money at the United States Treasury or at any Federal Reserve Bank Also In God We Trust is added above the White House on the reverse These two acts one taking U S currency off the silver backing and the other authorizing the national motto are coincidental even if their combined result is implemented in one redesign Also several design elements are rearranged less perceptibly than the change in 1950 mostly to make room for the slightly rearranged obligations 1969 The new treasury seal appears on all denominations including the 20 1977 A new type of serial number press results in a slightly different font The old presses are gradually retired and old style serial numbers appear as late as 1981 for this denomination 1992 Anti counterfeiting features are added microprinting around the portrait and a plastic strip embedded in the paper Even though the bills read Series 1990 the first bills were printed in April 1992 8 1994 The first notes at the Western Currency Facility are printed in January late during production of Series 1990 September 24 1998 The Series 1996 20 note was completely redesigned for the first time since 1929 to further deter counterfeiting the picture of the White House was changed from the south side to the north side view A larger off center portrait of Jackson was used on the front and several anti counterfeiting features were added including color shifting ink microprinting and a watermark The plastic strip now reads USA 20 and glows green under a black light 9 The bills were first printed in June 1998 10 October 9 2003 11 The current series of 20 dollar bills is released with light background shading in green and yellow and no oval around Andrew Jackson s portrait background images of eagles etc were also added to the front the back is the same view of the White House but without the oval around it Ninety faint 20 s are scattered on the back in yellow as a EURion constellation to prevent photocopying The first issue s series date is 2004 with Marin Snow signatures The bills were first printed in April 2003 12 Series dates Edit Small size Edit Type Series Register Treasurer SealNational Bank Note Types 1 amp 2 1929 Jones Woods BrownFederal Reserve Bank Note 1928A Jones Woods BrownType Series Treasurer Secretary SealGold Certificate 1928 Woods Mellon GoldFederal Reserve Note 1928 Tate Mellon GreenFederal Reserve Note 1928A Woods Mellon GreenFederal Reserve Note 1928B Woods Mellon GreenFederal Reserve Note 1928C Woods Mills GreenFederal Reserve Note 1934 Julian Morgenthau GreenFederal Reserve Note 1934 Hawaii Julian Morgenthau BrownFederal Reserve Note 1934A Julian Morgenthau GreenFederal Reserve Note 1934A Hawaii Julian Morgenthau BrownFederal Reserve Note 1934B Julian Vinson GreenFederal Reserve Note 1934C Julian Snyder GreenFederal Reserve Note 1934D Clark Snyder GreenFederal Reserve Note 1950 Clark Snyder GreenFederal Reserve Note 1950A Priest Humphrey GreenFederal Reserve Note 1950B Priest Anderson GreenFederal Reserve Note 1950C Smith Dillon GreenFederal Reserve Note 1950D Granahan Dillon GreenFederal Reserve Note 1950E Granahan Fowler GreenFederal Reserve Note 1963 Granahan Dillon GreenFederal Reserve Note 1963A Granahan Fowler GreenFederal Reserve Note 1969 Elston Kennedy GreenFederal Reserve Note 1969A Kabis Connally GreenFederal Reserve Note 1969B Banuelos Connally GreenFederal Reserve Note 1969C Banuelos Shultz GreenFederal Reserve Note 1974 Neff Simon GreenFederal Reserve Note 1977 Morton Blumenthal GreenFederal Reserve Note 1981 Buchanan Regan GreenFederal Reserve Note 1981A Ortega Regan GreenFederal Reserve Note 1985 Ortega Baker GreenFederal Reserve Note 1988A Villalpando Brady GreenFederal Reserve Note 1990 Villalpando Brady GreenFederal Reserve Note 1993 Withrow Bentsen GreenFederal Reserve Note 1995 Withrow Rubin GreenFederal Reserve Note 1996 Withrow Rubin GreenFederal Reserve Note 1999 Withrow Summers GreenFederal Reserve Note 2001 Marin O Neill GreenFederal Reserve Note 2004 Marin Snow GreenFederal Reserve Note 2004A Cabral Snow GreenFederal Reserve Note 2006 Cabral Paulson GreenFederal Reserve Note 2009 Rios Geithner GreenFederal Reserve Note 2013 Rios Lew GreenFederal Reserve Note 2017 Carranza Mnuchin GreenFederal Reserve Note 2017A Carranza Mnuchin GreenProposal for a woman s portrait EditIn a campaign called Women on 20s selected voters were asked to choose three of 15 female candidates to have a portrait on the 20 bill The goal was to have a woman on the 20 bill by 2020 the centennial of the 19th Amendment which gave women the right to vote 13 Among the candidates on the petition were Harriet Tubman Eleanor Roosevelt Rosa Parks and Wilma Mankiller the first female chief of the Cherokee Nation 14 On May 12 2015 Tubman was announced as the winning candidate of that grassroots poll with more than 600 000 people surveyed and more than 118 000 choosing Tubman followed by Roosevelt Parks and Mankiller 15 Official 20 bill prototype prepared by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing in 2016 16 On June 17 2015 then Treasury Secretary Jack Lew announced that a woman s portrait would be featured on a redesigned 10 bill by 2020 replacing Alexander Hamilton 17 However that decision was reversed at least in part due to Hamilton s surging popularity following the hit Broadway musical Hamilton 18 On April 20 2016 Lew officially announced that Alexander Hamilton would remain on the 10 bill while Andrew Jackson would be replaced by Tubman on the front of the 20 bill with Jackson appearing on the reverse 19 20 Lew simultaneously announced that the five and ten dollar bills would also be redesigned in the coming years and put into production in the next decade 19 20 Trump administration Edit While campaigning for president Donald Trump reacted to the announcement that Tubman would replace Jackson on the twenty dollar bill The day following the announcement Trump called Tubman fantastic but stated that he would oppose replacing Jackson with Tubman calling the replacement pure political correctness and suggested that Tubman could perhaps be put on another denomination instead 21 On August 31 2017 Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said that he would not commit to putting Tubman on the twenty dollar bill explaining People have been on the bills for a long period of time This is something we ll consider right now we have a lot more important issues to focus on 22 According to a Bureau of Engraving and Printing spokesperson the next redesigned bill will be the ten dollar bill not set to be released into circulation until at least 2026 23 24 In May 2019 Mnuchin stated that no new imagery will be unveiled until 2026 and that a new bill will not go into circulation until 2028 25 In making the announcement Mnuchin blamed the delay on technical reasons However an employee within the Bureau of Engraving and Printing told the New York Times that at the time of the announcement the design appeared to be far along in the process Democratic members of the House of Representatives asked Mnuchin to provide more specific reasons for the delay 26 In June the Treasury Department s acting inspector general Rich Delmar announced his office would conduct an investigation into what caused the delay in production of the new bill featuring Tubman 27 Biden administration Edit In January 2021 White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said President Joe Biden will accelerate the Tubman redesign 28 See also Edit Money portal Numismatics portal United States portal Twenty Bucks a 1993 movie that follows the travels of a 20 bill References Edit Currency Facts uscurrency gov U S Currency Education Program Retrieved July 15 2020 How long is the life span of U S paper money Federal Reserve Retrieved April 16 2015 Money Facts Bureau of Engraving and Printing Archived from the original on December 6 2005 U S Currency FAQs U S Bureau of Engraving and Printing Archived from the original on May 5 2015 Retrieved May 13 2015 Jackson as President CliffsNotes Retrieved November 20 2007 Jackson Vetoes Bank Bill July 10 1832 Miller Center of Public Affairs University of Virginia Retrieved November 20 2007 s Andrew Jackson s Farewell Address USPaperMoney Info Series 1990 20 New 20 Bill Debuts September 24th 09 21 98 USPaperMoney Info Series 1996 20 Anti Counterfeiting Bureau of Engraving and Printing United States Treasury 2007 Retrieved May 13 2015 USPaperMoney Info Series 2004 20 Why the 20 Women On 20s Retrieved May 13 2015 Tan Avianne April 8 2015 Women on 20s to Ask President Obama to Put One of These 4 Women on 20 Bill ABC News Retrieved April 9 2015 Which country has the least sexist banknotes BBC April 13 2015 Retrieved on April 14 2015 Final Round Candidates Women On 20s Retrieved May 13 2015 Harriet Tubman wins poll to replace Andrew Jackson on 20 bill New York Post Reuters May 13 2015 Retrieved July 27 2015 Rappeport Alan June 24 2019 Treasury s Inspector General to Review Harriet Tubman 20 Bill Delay The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved August 20 2019 Andrew Jackson To Be Taken Off The 20 Bill Huffington Post April 17 2016 Retrieved April 19 2016 Nguyen Tina Hamilton Fans Rejoice Founding Father to Stay on the 10 Bill Vanity Fair a b Treasury Secretary Lew Announces Front of New 20 to Feature Harriet Tubman Lays Out Plans for New 20 10 and 5 Press release United States Department of the Treasury April 20 2016 Retrieved April 27 2016 White Ben McCaskill Nolan D Treasury s Lew to announce Hamilton to stay on 10 bill Politico Retrieved April 20 2016 a b Korte Gregory April 21 2016 Anti slavery activist Harriet Tubman to replace Jackson on the front of the 20 bill USA Today Retrieved August 28 2017 Wright David April 21 2016 Trump Tubman on the 20 bill is pure political correctness CNN Temple West Patrick August 31 2017 Mnuchin dismisses question about putting Harriet Tubman on 20 bill Politico Retrieved September 6 2017 What Happened to the Plan to Put Harriet Tubman on the 20 Bill The Harriet Tubman 20 Bill Plan Has Been Put on the Back Burner Rappeport Alan May 22 2019 Harriet Tubman 20 Bill Is Delayed Until Trump Leaves Office Mnuchin Says New York Times Retrieved June 14 2019 Rappeport Alan June 14 2019 See a Design of the Harriet Tubman 20 Bill That Mnuchin Delayed New York Times Treasury Department Launches Investigation Into Delays Behind Harriet Tubman 20 Bill NPR org Retrieved January 28 2020 Breuninger Kevin January 25 2021 Biden s Treasury revives push to put Harriet Tubman on 20 bill after Trump shelved it CNBC Retrieved January 25 2021 External links Edit 20 NotesWikimedia Commons has media related to 20 United States dollar banknotes Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title United States twenty dollar bill amp oldid 1025855174, wikipedia, wiki, book,


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