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St George s Chapel Windsor Castle Language Watch Edit St George s Chapel redirects here For other uses see St George s Chapel disambiguation St George s Chapel at Windsor Castle in England is a chapel built in the late medieval Perpendicular Gothic style It is both a Royal Peculiar a church under the direct jurisdiction of the monarch and the Chapel of the Order of the Garter It is located in the Lower Ward of the castle 1 St George s castle chapel was originally founded in the 14th century by King Edward III and extensively enlarged in the late 15th century It has been the scene of many royal services weddings and particularly in the 19th and 20th centuries burials Although occasional monarchs and their consorts were buried at the castle from the 15th century it was not until the 19th century that St George s Chapel and the nearby Frogmore Gardens superseded Westminster Abbey as the chosen burial place for the British royal family 2 Windsor Castle is a principal residence of Queen Elizabeth II St George s Chapel Windsor CastleThe Queen s Free Chapel of the College of St George Windsor Castle51 29 01 N 00 36 25 W 51 48361 N 0 60694 W 51 48361 0 60694 Coordinates 51 29 01 N 00 36 25 W 51 48361 N 0 60694 W 51 48361 0 60694LocationWindsorCountryEnglandDenominationChurch of EnglandPrevious denominationRoman CatholicismChurchmanshipAnglo CatholicismWebsitestgeorges windsor wbr orgHistoryStatusChapelFounded1475DedicationSt GeorgeArchitectureFunctional statusActiveHeritage designationGrade I listedStyleGothicYears built1475Completed1511SpecificationsCapacity800AdministrationDeaneryDean and Canons of WindsorDioceseJurisdiction Royal Peculiar Location OxfordClergyDeanDavid ConnerPrecentorMartin Poll Chaplain Canon s Mark Powell Steward Canon TreasurerHueston Finlay Vice Dean LaityOrganist Director of musicJames VivianMusic group s Choir of St George s Chapel The running of the chapel is the responsibility of the dean and canons of Windsor who make up the College of St George They are assisted by a Clerk Verger and other staff The Society of the Friends of St George s and Descendants of the Knights of the Garter a registered charity was established in 1931 to assist the college in maintaining the chapel Contents 1 History 1 1 Queen s Beasts 2 Dean and Canons 3 Order of the Garter 3 1 Garter Service 3 2 Heraldry 4 Chantries 4 1 Rutland Chantry 5 Weddings 6 Burials 6 1 Altar 6 2 Quire 6 3 Royal Vault 6 4 Near West Door 6 5 King George VI Memorial Chapel 6 6 Albert Memorial Chapel 6 7 Gloucester Vault 6 8 Other 6 9 Former burials 7 In literature 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksHistory Edit St George s Chapel left at Windsor Castle in 1848 showing the absence of the Queen s Beasts on the pinnacles since replaced Watercolour by Joseph Nash In 1348 King Edward III founded two religious colleges St Stephen s at Westminster and St George s at Windsor The new college at Windsor was attached to the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor which had been constructed by Henry III in the early thirteenth century The chapel was then re dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary George the Martyr and Edward the Confessor but soon became known only by its dedication to St George 3 Edward III also built the Aerary Porch in 1353 54 It was used as the entrance to the new college The Choir of St George s Chapel by Charles Wild from W H Pyne s Royal Residences 1818 St George s Chapel became the church of the Order of the Garter A special service is still held in the chapel every June and is attended by members of the order Their heraldic banners hang above the upper stalls of the choir where they have a seat for life The Horseshoe Cloister built in 1480 and reconstructed in the 19th century The period 1475 1528 saw a radical redevelopment of St George s Chapel set in motion by Edward IV and continued by Henry VII under the supervision of his most esteemed counsellor Sir Reginald Bray and by Henry VIII The thirteenth century Chapel of St Edward the Confessor was enlarged into a cathedral like space under the direction of Richard Beauchamp Bishop of Salisbury and the master mason Henry Janyns The Horseshoe Cloister was constructed for the new community of 45 junior members 16 vicars a deacon gospeller 13 lay clerks 2 clerk epistolers and 13 choristers The Choir of St George s Chapel continues to this day and numbers 20 The choristers are boarders at St George s School Windsor Castle In term time they attend practice in the chapel every morning and sing Matins and the Eucharist on Sundays and Evensong throughout the week except on Wednesdays St George s Chapel was a popular destination for pilgrims during the late medieval period as it was considered to contain several important burials the bodies of John Schorne and Henry VI and a fragment of the True Cross held in a reliquary called the Cross of Gneth citation needed It was seized from the Welsh people by Edward II after his conquest along with other sacred relics These relics all appear to have been displayed at the eastern end of the south choir The Chapel suffered a great deal of destruction during the English Civil War Parliamentary forces broke into and plundered the chapel and treasury on 23 October 1642 Further pillage occurred in 1643 when the fifteenth century chapter house was destroyed lead was stripped off the chapel roofs and elements of Henry VIII s unfinished funeral monument were stolen Following his execution in 1649 Charles I was buried in a small vault in the centre of the choir at St George s Chapel which also contained the coffins of Henry VIII and Queen Jane Seymour A programme of repair was undertaken at St George s Chapel after the Restoration During his life and reign King George III was responsible for reigniting royal interest in Windsor Castle which had been much overlooked after the House of Hanover came to the throne of the United Kingdom in 1714 On 12 August 1776 the Royal Family first attended the Sunday morning service at St George s Chapel which they called the Cathedral George III was committed to St George s Chapel he inspired and in large part funded an extensive restoration of the chapel from 1780 to 1790 The reign of Queen Victoria saw further changes made to the structure of the chapel The east end of the choir was reworked in memory of Prince Albert The Lady Chapel which had been abandoned by Henry VII was completed A royal mausoleum was completed underneath the Lady Chapel A set of steps was built at the west end of the chapel to create a ceremonial entrance to the building By the early twentieth century the bowing walls cracked vaulting decayed stone and stripped lead required urgent attention In 1920 a much needed ten year restoration project began at George s Chapel overseen by the consulting architect Sir Harold Brakspear In the 21st century St George s accommodates approximately 800 people for services and events 1 St George s Chapel in the Lower Ward at centre right behind tree Queen s Beasts Edit The Queen s Beasts shown atop the pinnacles On the roof of the chapel standing on the pinnacles and also on pinnacles at the sides are seventy six heraldic statues representing the Queen s Beasts showing the Royal supporters of England They represent fourteen of the heraldic animals the lion of England the red dragon of Wales the panther of Jane Seymour the falcon of York the black bull of Clarence the yale of Beaufort the white lion of Mortimer the greyhound of Richmond the white hart of Richard II the collared silver antelope of Bohun the black dragon of Ulster the white swan of Hereford the unicorn of Edward III and the golden hind of Kent 4 The original beasts dated from the sixteenth century but were removed in 1682 on the advice of Sir Christopher Wren Wren had criticised the Reigate Stone the calcareous sandstone from which they were constructed The present statues date from 1925 when the chapel was restored 5 6 Dean and Canons EditFurther information Dean and Canons of Windsor CurrentchapterOrder of the Garter EditGarter Service Edit Further information Order of the Garter Emblem of the Order of the Garter Members of the Order of the Garter meet at Windsor Castle every June for the annual Garter Service After lunch in the State Apartments Upper Ward of the Castle they process on foot in their robes and insignia down to St George s Chapel for the service If new members are to be admitted they are installed at the service After the service the members of the order return to the Upper Ward by carriage or car Members of the public outside St George s Chapel at Windsor Castle waiting for the Garter Procession The Order frequently attended chapel services in the distant past however they tailed off in the 18th century and were finally discontinued in 1805 The Garter Service was revived in 1948 by King George VI for the 600th anniversary of the founding of the Order and has since become an annual event Heraldry Edit Interior of the chapel After their installation members are each assigned a stall in the chapel choir above which his or her heraldic devices are displayed A member s sword is placed beneath a helmet which is decorated with a mantling and topped with a crest coronet or crown Above this a member s heraldic banner is hoisted emblazoned with his arms A Garter stall plate a small elaborately enamelled plate of brass is affixed to the back of the stall displaying its member s name and arms with other inscriptions On a member s death the sword helmet mantling crest coronet or crown and banner are removed A service marking the death of a late member must be held before the stall can be assigned to anyone else The ceremony takes place in the chapel during which the Military Knights of Windsor carry the banner of the deceased member and offer it to the Dean of Windsor who places it on the altar The stall plates however are not removed They remain permanently affixed to the stall so the stalls of the chapel are emblazoned with a collection of plates of the members throughout history Chantries Edit Tierceron lierne vaulting of the Choir and fan vaulting of the crossing of St George s Chapel with the Garter banners on either side below St George s Chapel is among the most important medieval chantry foundations to have survived in England The college was itself part of a medieval chantry and there are a number of other chantry elements in the form of altars and small chapels in memory of various English monarchs and of a number of prominent courtiers deans and canons Special services and prayers would also be offered in memory of the founder Henry VIII had originally intended another chantry to be set up in the chapel despite the fact that his ecclesiastical changes led to the Reformation in England and the eventual suppression of chantries The much admired iron gates in the sanctuary of the chapel as well as the locks on the doors of the chapel are the work of the medieval Cornish metalsmith John Tresilian 7 The status of the college as a royal foundation saved it from dissolution at the Reformation As a result many of the smaller chantries within the chapel were preserved These are the only remaining chantries of their kind in England which have never been suppressed Rutland Chantry Edit Monumental brass in St Leger Chantry to Anne of York Duchess of Exeter 1439 1476 and her second husband Thomas St Leger c 1440 1483 founder of the chapel The Rutland Chantry chapel forming the northern transept of St George s Chapel was founded in 1491 in honour of Sir Thomas St Leger c 1440 1483 and Anne of York Duchess of Exeter 1439 1476 8 Sir Thomas was Anne s second husband She was the eldest surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York and thus elder sister of kings Edward IV 1442 1483 reigned 1461 1483 and Richard III 1452 1485 reigned 1483 1485 A monumental brass in memory of Anne of York and Sir Thomas survives on the east wall of the Rutland Chantry the inscription of which records that the chantry was founded with two priests singing forevermore Wythin thys Chappell lyethe beryed Anne Duchess of Exetur suster unto the noble kyng Edward the forte And also the body of syr Thomas Sellynger knyght her husband which hathe funde within thys College a Chauntre with too prestys sy gyng for ev more On whose soule god have mercy The wych Anne duchess dyed in the yere of oure lorde M Thowsande CCCCl xxv The chantry received its current name in honour of the earls of Rutland descendants of Anne and Sir Thomas their daughter also Anne married to George Manners 11th Baron de Ros and their son Thomas Manners 1st Earl of Rutland The tomb of George and Anne Manners is a prominent feature of the chantry Their effigies are carved in English alabaster 8 The chantry comprises five panels which represent the Annunciation the Visitation the Adoration of the Magi the Temptations of Christ in the wilderness and the Miracle at Cana They were commissioned from embroiderer Beryl Dean and took five years to complete Only one panel is normally on display to the public but the others may be seen on request 9 Weddings Edit Wedding of the Prince of Wales and Princess Alexandra of Denmark 1863 The chapel has been the site of many royal weddings particularly of the children of Queen Victoria They have included Edward Prince of Wales and Princess Alexandra of Denmark in 1863 later King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra respectively Princess Helena and Prince Christian of Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg in 1866 Princess Louise and the Marquess of Lorne later Duke of Argyll in 1871 Prince Arthur Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia in 1879 Princess Frederica of Hanover and Baron Alphons von Pawel Rammingen in 1880 Prince Leopold Duke of Albany and Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont in 1882 Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig Holstein and Prince Aribert of Anhalt in 1891 Princess Alice of Albany and Prince Alexander of Teck later Earl of Athlone in 1904 Princess Margaret of Connaught and Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden later King of Sweden in 1905 Lady Helena Cambridge and Major John Gibbs Coldstream Guards in 1919 Anne Abel Smith and David Liddell Grainger in 1957 Lady Helen Windsor and Timothy Taylor in 1992 Prince Edward Earl of Wessex and Sophie Rhys Jones in 1999 The union of Charles Prince of Wales and Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005 received a blessing from the Archbishop of Canterbury Peter Phillips and Autumn Kelly in 2008 Prince Harry Duke of Sussex and Meghan Markle in 2018 10 Princess Eugenie of York and Jack Brooksbank in 2018 Lady Gabriella Windsor and Thomas Kingston in 2019Burials EditThe chapel has been the site of many royal funerals and interments People interred in the Chapel include Altar Edit George Plantagenet 1st Duke of Bedford on 22 March 1479 a son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville Mary of York in 1482 a daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville Edward IV King of England 1461 1470 1471 1483 in 1483 Henry VI King of England 1422 1461 1470 1471 reburied from Chertsey Abbey in 1484 The coffins of two unidentified children suggested to be the Princes in the Tower sons of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville Elizabeth Woodville wife of Edward IV 1464 1483 on 12 June 1492 Princess Louise of Saxe Weimar niece of Queen Adelaide in 1832 Edward VII King of the United Kingdom 1901 1910 on 20 May 1910 Alexandra of Denmark Queen of the United Kingdom on 28 November 1925Quire Edit Jane Seymour Queen of England in 1537 Henry VIII King of England and IreIand in 1547 Charles I King of England Scotland and Ireland in 1649 Stillborn son of Queen Anne last monarch of the House of Stuart in 1698 Royal Vault Edit Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom in 1810 Princess Augusta Duchess of Brunswick Wolfenbuttel in 1813 Princess Charlotte of Wales in 1817 Stillborn son of Princess Charlotte in 1817 Charlotte of Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen of the United Kingdom in 1818 Stillborn daughter of Ernest Augustus King of Hanover in 1818 George III King of the United Kingdom in 1820 Prince Edward Duke of Kent and Strathearn in 1820 Prince Alfred of Great Britain reburial in 1820 Prince Octavius of Great Britain reburial in 1820 Princess Elizabeth of Clarence in 1821 Prince Frederick Duke of York and Albany in 1827 George IV King of the United Kingdom in 1830 William IV King of the United Kingdom in 1837 Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom in 1840 Adelaide of Saxe Meiningen Queen of the United Kingdom in 1849 George V the last King of Hanover in 1878 Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge in 1897 Francis Duke of Teck in 1900 Princess Frederica of Hanover in 1926 Prince Adolphus Duke of Cambridge reburial in 1930 Princess Augusta of Hesse Kassel reburial in 1930 Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh consort to Elizabeth II in 2021Near West Door Edit George V King of the United Kingdom in 1936 Mary of Teck Queen of the United Kingdom in 1953King George VI Memorial Chapel Edit George VI King of the United Kingdom died 1952 Interred 26 March 1969 following its construction 11 Princess Margaret Countess of Snowdon ashes in 2002 Elizabeth Bowes Lyon Queen of the United Kingdom in 2002Albert Memorial Chapel Edit Baroness Victoria von Pawel Rammingen daughter of Princess Frederica of Hanover in 1881 Prince Leopold Duke of Albany in 1884 Prince Albert Victor Duke of Clarence and Avondale in 1892Gloucester Vault Edit Prince William Henry Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh in 1805 Maria Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh in 1807 Prince William Frederick Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh in 1834 Princess Sophia of Gloucester in 1844 Princess Mary Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh in 1857 12 Other Edit William 1st Baron Hastings 1431 1483 a nobleman and close friend of King Edward IV in the north aisle of St George s Chapel next to Edward IV Anne St Leger Baroness de Ros 1476 21 May 1526 and her husband George Manners 11th Baron de Ros 22 August 1465 23 October 1513 in the private Rutland Chapel 13 Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk in 1545 Christopher Villiers 1st Earl of Anglesey in 1631 Henry Somerset 1st Duke of Beaufort 1629 1700 and his ancestors in the private Beaufort Chapel the original monument by Grinling Gibbons was moved to St Michael and All Angels Church Badminton in 1878 Very Revd Dr Penyston Booth 1681 1765 Dean of Windsor Dejazmatch Alemayehu Tewodros son of Emperor Tewodros II of Ethiopia on 21 November 1879Former burials Edit Princess Victoria of Saxe Coburg Saalfeld in 1861 Moved to Duchess of Kent s Mausoleum in 1861 Albert Prince Consort in 1861 Moved to Royal Mausoleum Frogmore in 1862 Prince Harald of Schleswig Holstein in 1876 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1928 Prince Francis of Teck in 1910 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1928 Alexander Duff 1st Duke of Fife in 1912 Moved to St Ninian s Chapel Braemar in 1912 Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia in 1917 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1928 Prince Christian of Schleswig Holstein in 1917 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1928 Lord Leopold Mountbatten in 1922 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1928 Princess Helena of the United Kingdom in 1923 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1928 Adolphus Cambridge 1st Marquess of Cambridge in 1927 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1928 Rupert Cambridge Viscount Trematon in 1928 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1928 Louise Princess Royal in 1931 Moved to St Ninian s Chapel Braemar in 1931 Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom in 1935 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1936 Prince Arthur of Connaught in 1938 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1939 Princess Louise Duchess of Argyll in 1939 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1940 Prince Arthur Duke of Connaught and Strathearn in 1942 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1942 Prince George Duke of Kent in 1942 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1968 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom in 1944 Moved to St Mildred s Church Whippingham in 1945 Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig Holstein in 1948 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1948 Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig Holstein in 1956 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1957 Alexander Cambridge 1st Earl of Athlone in 1957 Moved to Royal Burial Ground Frogmore in 1957 Princess Alice of Battenberg in 1969 Moved to Church of Mary Magdalene in 1988 In literature EditWenceslaus Hollar View and Ground Plan of St George s Chapel Windsor ca 1671 14 15 16 John Henry Le Keux St George s Chapel Windsor Ground Plan 1810 Engraved after a plan by F Mackenzie published in Britton s Architectural antiquities of Great Britain 1807 Copper engraved antique plan 17 18 See also EditChoir of St George s Chapel Windsor Castle Dean of Windsor Dean and Canons of Windsor Francis Eginton artist painted the arms of the knights of the Garter for two Gothic windows in the stalls List of Knights and Ladies of the Garter List of Ladies of the Garter Order of the Garter Saint George Devotions traditions and prayers The Society of the Friends of St George s and Descendants of the Knights of the Garter Windsor Castle Historical monographs relating to St George s Chapel Windsor Castle Royal Chapel of All Saints a chapel in Windsor Great Park closely connected with St George s ChapelReferences EditNotes a b Harry and Meghan to wed at Windsor in May BBC News 28 November 2017 Retrieved 28 November 2017 Petter Olivia 16 October 2020 What will happen when the Queen dies and where will she be buried The Independent Retrieved 11 April 2021 P H Ditchfield William Page eds 1907 Collegiate churches Windsor St George s chapel A History of the County of Berkshire Volume 2 Victoria County History p 106 Windsor Royal Beasts on St George s Chapel roof Wordpress 6 July 2008 Retrieved 10 October 2014 London H Stanford 1953 The Queen s Beasts An Account with New Drawings of the Heraldic Animals Witch Stood at the Entrance to Westminster Abbey on the Occasion of the Coronation of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II 2 June 1953 Newman Neame p 15 Sir Frederick Minter The Times 15 July 1976 p 19 Blackburne Harry W 2008 The Romance of St George s Chapel Windsor Castle Wildside Press pp 14 ISBN 978 1 4344 7428 5 a b Eleanor Cracknell 15 July 2011 The Rutland Chantry College of St George Retrieved 19 May 2018 Beryl Dean Panels College of St George Retrieved 28 October 2019 Yeginsu Ceylan 2 March 2018 Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Invite Members of Public to Wedding Day The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved 5 March 2018 Royal Burials in the Chapel since 1805 College of St George 2017 Retrieved 19 May 2018 Royal Burials in the Chapel by location College of St George 2017 Retrieved 19 May 2018 The Roos Monument in the Rutland Chantry Chapel College of St George 10 September 2010 View and Ground Plan of St George s Chapel Windsor Wenceslaus Hollar 21 June 2016 View and Ground Plan of St George s Chapel Windsor Wenceslaus Hollar 8 May 2015 View and Ground Plan of St George s Chapel Windsor Wenceslaus Hollar 21 June 2016 Picture JPG www antiqueprints co Free stock images for genealogy and ancestry researchers www ancestryimages com SourcesBegent Peter J Chesshyre Hubert Chesshyre D H B Jefferson Lisa 1999 The most noble Order of the Garter 650 years Spink ISBN 978 1 902040 20 2 Keen Laurence Scarff Eileen eds 2002 Windsor medieval archaeology art and architecture of the Thames Valley British Archaeological Association ISBN 978 1 902653 45 7 Saul Nigel ed 2005 St George s Chapel Windsor in the Fourteenth Century Boydell Press ISBN 978 1 84383 117 4 Richmond Colin Scarff Eileen eds 2001 St Georges Chapel Windsor in the late Middle Ages Windsor Maney Publishing ISBN 978 0 9539676 1 2 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to St George s Chapel Windsor Castle Official website St George s Chapel Archives amp Chapter Library Charity Commission website A church near you what s on in the chapel Crests for the Knights of the Garter A guide to the chapel Report of Review Group on the Royal Peculiars 2009 Music manuscripts preserved in the Chapter LibraryRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title St George 27s Chapel Windsor Castle amp oldid 1028013729, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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