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Richard R Ernst Language Watch Edit Richard Robert Ernst 14 August 1933 4 June 2021 was a Swiss physical chemist and Nobel Laureate 2 Richard R ErnstErnst in the 1980sBornRichard Robert Ernst 1933 08 14 14 August 1933 Winterthur SwitzerlandDied4 June 2021 2021 06 04 aged 87 Winterthur SwitzerlandNationalitySwissAlma materETH Zurich PhD Known forErnst angle Fourier transform NMR spectroscopy 2D NMR spectroscopy Nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy Exclusive correlation spectroscopy 3D NMR spectroscopyAwardsMarcel Benoist Prize 1985 Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1991 Wolf Prize in Chemistry 1991 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize 1991 ForMemRS 1993 1 Scientific careerFieldsChemistry PhysicsInstitutionsVarian Associates ETH ZurichThesisKernresonanz Spektroskopie mit stochastischen Hochfrequenzfeldern 1962 Doctoral advisorsHans H Gunthard Hans PrimasDoctoral studentsMarc BaldusWebsitechab wbr ethz wbr ch wbr en wbr the department wbr people wbr emeriti wbr emeriti homepages wbr richard ernst wbr html Ernst was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1991 for his contributions towards the development of Fourier transform nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopy 3 while at Varian Associates Palo Alto and the subsequent development of multi dimensional NMR techniques 4 5 6 7 8 These underpin applications to both to chemistry with NMR spectroscopy and to medicine with magnetic resonance imaging MRI 1 Contents 1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Awards and honours 4 Personal life 5 Selected bibliography 6 References 7 External linksEarly life and education EditErnst was born in Winterthur Switzerland on 14 August 1933 9 He was the oldest of three children of Irma Brunner and Robert Ernst He grew up in a house built in 1898 by his grandfather who was a merchant 10 During his childhood he was interested in music playing the violoncello and even considering a career as a musical composer At 13 years old Ernst stumbled upon a box of chemicals belonging to his late uncle a metallurgical engineer 11 Young Ernst conducted experiments and discovered his passion for chemistry He enrolled in the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule ETH in Zurich to study chemistry and received his diploma in 1957 as a Diplomierter Ingenieur Chemiker 12 After a break to complete his military service Ernst earned his Ph D in physical chemistry in 1962 13 from ETH Zurich 14 His dissertation was on nuclear magnetic resonance in the field of physical chemistry 9 Career EditErnst entered Varian Associates as a scientist in 1963 and invented Fourier transform NMR noise decoupling and a number of other methods He returned to ETH Zurich in 1968 and became a lecturer His career developed to Assistant Professor in 1970 Associate Professor in 1972 Since 1976 Richard R Ernst was Full Professor of Physical Chemistry 15 Ernst led a research group dedicated to magnetic resonance spectroscopy was the director of the Physical Chemistry Laboratory at the ETH Zurich He developed two dimensional NMR and several novel pulse techniques He retired in 1998 He participated in the development of medical magnetic resonance tomography as well as the NMR structure determination of biopolymers in solution collaborating with Professor Kurt Wuthrich He also participated in the study of intra molecular dynamics 15 Awards and honours Edit Play media Richard R Ernst UNESCO 2011 Ernst was a foreign fellow of the Estonian Academy of Sciences elected 2002 16 the US National Academy of Sciences the Royal Academy of Sciences London the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina the Russian Academy of Sciences the Korean Academy of Science and Technology and Bangladesh Academy of Sciences 17 18 19 He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society ForMemRS in 1993 1 He was awarded the John Gamble Kirkwood Medal in 1989 20 The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1991 was awarded to Ernst for his contributions to the development of the methodology of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopy 21 Ernst was member of the World Knowledge Dialogue Scientific Board He was awarded the Marcel Benoist Prize in 1986 the Wolf Prize for Chemistry in 1991 22 and Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize of Columbia University in 1991 18 23 He was also awarded the Tadeus Reichstein Medal in 2000 24 and the Order of the Star of Romania in 2004 25 He also held Honorary Doctorates from the Technical University of Munich EPF Lausanne University of Zurich University Antwerpen Babes Bolyai University and University Montpellier 18 The 2009 Bel Air Film Festival featured the world premiere of a documentary film on Ernst Science Plus Dharma Equals Social Responsibility Produced by Carlo Burton the film takes place in Ernst s hometown in Switzerland 26 Personal life EditErnst was married to Magdalena until his death 27 Together they had three children Anna Magdalena Katharina Elisabeth and Hans Martin Walter 9 Ernst died on 4 June 2021 in Winterthur at the age of 87 27 22 Selected bibliography EditPrinciples of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in One and Two Dimensions Clarendon Press 1987 28 Richard R Ernst Nobelpreistrager aus Winterthur Hier und Jetzt Baden 2020 Alois Feusi Richard Ernst Der Selbstzweifler dem der Nobelpreis peinlich war Summary of his autobiography Neue Zurcher Zeitung 21 May 2020 Retrieved 22 May 2020References Edit a b c Professor Richard Ernst ForMemRS London Royal Society Archived from the original on 11 October 2015 Alger J R 1992 The 1991 Nobel Prize in chemistry awarded to an MRI investigator Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 16 1 1 2 doi 10 1097 00004728 199201000 00001 PMID 1729287 Aue W P 1976 Two dimensional spectroscopy Application to nuclear magnetic resonance The Journal of Chemical Physics 64 5 2229 2246 Bibcode 1976JChPh 64 2229A doi 10 1063 1 432450 ISSN 0021 9606 S2CID 10608225 Freeview video interview with Richard Ernst by the Vega Science Trust Interview with Professor Richard R Ernst by Joanna Rose science writer 8 December 2001 The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1991 Ernst Autobiography at nobelprize org Ernst Richard R Richard R Ernst NobelPrize org Retrieved 18 July 2015 a b c Richard R Ernst Biographical Nobel Prize Retrieved 8 June 2021 The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1991 NobelPrize org Retrieved 10 June 2021 Insights from Notable Scientists Scientific Research as a Career CRC Press pp 95 114 22 June 2011 doi 10 1201 b11013 11 ISBN 978 0 429 10525 8 retrieved 29 March 2021 https ethz ch content dam ethz special interest chab chab dept department images Emeriti richard ernst Autobiography2010 pdf Ernst Richard R 1962 Kernresonanz Spektroskopie mit stochastischen Hochfrequenzfeldern PhD thesis Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich doi 10 3929 ethz a 000091764 Prof Dr Richard R Ernst ETH Zurich Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences http www chab ethz ch personen emeritus rernst Retrieved 18 April 2016 a b Prof Dr Richard R Ernst chab ethz ch Retrieved 23 April 2020 Estonian Academy of Sciences Membership List of Fellows of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences Archived 15 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine a b c Richard R Ernst Retrieved 10 June 2021 Rooney Terrie M 1998 Contemporary authors V 158 Peacock Scot Detroit Gale p 114 ISBN 0 7876 1185 9 OCLC 37926306 Kirkwood Award ACS New Haven ACS New Haven Retrieved 17 January 2020 The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1991 Nobelprize org Nobel Media AB 2014 Web 10 November 2015 lt http www nobelprize org nobel prizes chemistry laureates 1991 gt a b Richard Ernst father of the MRI dies aged 87 Swissinfo 8 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 The Official Site of Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize Reichstein Medal Swiss Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences SAPhS www saphw ch Retrieved 2 April 2017 DECRET 18 16 01 2004 Portal Legislativ Film Festival Ticker Archived from the original on 11 November 2009 a b Nobel winning MRI pioneer Richard Ernst dies The Straits Times Singapore Agence France Presse 8 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Ernst Richard R 1987 Principles of nuclear magnetic resonance in one and two dimensions Bodenhausen Geoffrey Wokaun Alexander Oxford Oxfordshire Clarendon Press ISBN 0 19 855629 2 OCLC 12804280 External links EditRichard R Ernst on Nobelprize org Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Richard R Ernst amp oldid 1028931700, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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