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Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh Language Watch Edit Prince Philip redirects here For other uses see Prince Philip disambiguation Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh born Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark 1 10 June 1921 fn 1 9 April 2021 was a member of the British royal family as the husband of Elizabeth II Prince PhilipDuke of Edinburgh more Photograph by Allan Warren 1992Consort of the British monarchTenure6 February 1952 9 April 2021BornPrince Philip of Greece and Denmark 1921 06 10 10 June 1921 fn 1 Mon Repos Corfu Kingdom of GreeceDied9 April 2021 2021 04 09 aged 99 Windsor Castle Windsor United KingdomBurial17 April 2021 Royal Vault St George s Chapel Windsor CastleSpouseElizabeth II m 1947 wbr Issue DetailCharles Prince of Wales Anne Princess Royal Prince Andrew Duke of York Prince Edward Earl of WessexHouseGlucksburg until 1947 Mountbatten from 1947 FatherPrince Andrew of Greece and DenmarkMotherPrincess Alice of BattenbergSignatureMilitary careerAllegiance United KingdomService wbr branch Royal Navy British Army Royal Air ForceYears of service1939 1952 active service RankAdmiral of the Fleet Field Marshal Marshal of the Royal Air Force Captain General Royal Marines Commander active service Commands heldHMS MagpieBattles warsSecond World War Battle of Crete Battle of Cape Matapan Allied invasion of Sicily Operation Dragoon Operation Robson Operation Lentil Battle of OkinawaAwardsMentioned in dispatches Croix de Guerre with Palm War Cross Philip was born in Greece into the Greek and Danish royal families but his family was exiled from the country when he was eighteen months old After being educated in France Germany and the UK he joined the Royal Navy in 1939 aged 18 From July 1939 he began corresponding with the thirteen year old Princess Elizabeth whom he had first met in 1934 During the Second World War he served with distinction in the British Mediterranean and Pacific fleets After the war Philip was granted permission by George VI to marry Elizabeth Before the official announcement of their engagement in July 1947 he abandoned his Greek and Danish titles and styles became a naturalised British subject and adopted his maternal grandparents surname Mountbatten He married Elizabeth on 20 November 1947 Just before the wedding he was granted the style His Royal Highness and created Duke of Edinburgh Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich by the King Philip left active military service when Elizabeth became queen in 1952 having reached the rank of commander and was made a British prince in 1957 Philip had four children with Elizabeth Charles Prince of Wales Anne Princess Royal Prince Andrew Duke of York and Prince Edward Earl of Wessex Through a British Order in Council issued in 1960 descendants of the couple not bearing royal styles and titles can use the surname Mountbatten Windsor which has also been used by some members of the royal family who hold titles such as Anne Andrew and Edward A sports enthusiast Philip helped develop the equestrian event of carriage driving He was a patron president or member of over 780 organisations and served as chairman of The Duke of Edinburgh s Award a self improvement program for young people aged 14 to 24 2 The longest serving consort of a reigning British monarch and the longest lived male member of the British royal family he retired from his royal duties on 2 August 2017 aged 96 having completed 22 219 solo engagements and 5 493 speeches since 1952 3 He died on 9 April 2021 two months before his 100th birthday Contents 1 Early life 2 Youth 2 1 Education 2 2 Naval and wartime service 3 Marriage 4 Consort of the Queen 4 1 Royal house 4 2 Duties and milestones 4 2 1 Charles and Diana 4 3 Longevity and final years 4 3 1 Retirement 5 Death 6 Legacy 6 1 Personality and image 6 2 Centenary 6 3 Portrayals 7 Books 8 Titles styles honours and arms 8 1 Honours and honorary military appointments 8 2 Arms 9 Issue 10 Ancestry 11 Notes 12 References 12 1 Works cited 13 External linksEarly life Mon Repos pictured in 2012 Philip s birthplace on Corfu Greece Prince Philip Greek Filippos romanized Filippos 4 of Greece and Denmark was born on the dining room table in Mon Repos a villa on the Greek island of Corfu on 10 June 1921 5 the only son and fifth and final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg 6 A member of the House of Glucksburg the ruling house of Denmark he was a prince of both Greece and Denmark by virtue of his patrilineal descent from King George I of Greece and King Christian IX of Denmark he was from birth in the line of succession to both thrones fn 2 Philip s four elder sisters were Margarita Theodora Cecilie and Sophie He was baptised in the Greek Orthodox rite at St George s Church in the Old Fortress in Corfu His godparents were his grandmother Queen Olga of Greece his cousin Crown Prince George of Greece his uncle Lord Louis Mountbatten and the mayor of Corfu Alexandros Kokotos 8 Shortly after Philip s birth his maternal grandfather Prince Louis of Battenberg then known as Louis Mountbatten Marquess of Milford Haven died in London Louis was a naturalised British subject who after a career in the Royal Navy had renounced his German titles and adopted the surname Mountbatten an Anglicised version of Battenberg during the First World War owing to anti German sentiment in the United Kingdom After visiting London for his grandfather s memorial service Philip and his mother returned to Greece where Prince Andrew had remained to command a Greek Army division embroiled in the Greco Turkish War 9 The war went badly for Greece and the Turks made large gains Philip s uncle and high commander of the Greek expeditionary force King Constantine I was blamed for the defeat and was forced to abdicate on 27 September 1922 The new military government arrested Prince Andrew along with others The commanding officer of the army General Georgios Hatzianestis and five senior politicians were arrested tried and executed in the Trial of the Six Prince Andrew s life was also believed to be in danger and Princess Alice was under surveillance Finally in December a revolutionary court banished Prince Andrew from Greece for life 10 The British naval vessel HMS Calypso evacuated Prince Andrew s family with Philip carried to safety in a cot made from a fruit box Philip s family went to France where they settled in the Paris suburb of Saint Cloud in a house lent to them by his wealthy aunt Princess George of Greece and Denmark 11 Because Philip left Greece as a baby he did not speak Greek In 1992 he said that he could understand a certain amount 12 Philip stated that he thought of himself as Danish and his family spoke English French and German 12 Philip was raised as a Greek Orthodox Christian As a teenager he was involved with German Protestantism 13 14 Known for his charm in his youth Philip was linked to a number of women including Osla Benning 15 YouthEducation Philip was educated at Gordonstoun school in Scotland Philip was first educated at The Elms an American school in Paris run by Donald MacJannet who described Philip as a know it all smarty person but always remarkably polite 16 In 1930 he was sent to the United Kingdom to attend Cheam School living with his maternal grandmother Victoria Mountbatten Dowager Marchioness of Milford Haven at Kensington Palace and his uncle George Mountbatten 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven at Lynden Manor in Bray Berkshire 17 In the next three years his four sisters married German princes and moved to Germany his mother was diagnosed with schizophrenia and placed in an asylum 18 and his father took up residence in Monte Carlo 19 Philip had little contact with his mother for the remainder of his childhood 20 In 1933 he was sent to Schule Schloss Salem in Germany which had the advantage of saving school fees because it was owned by the family of his brother in law Berthold Margrave of Baden 21 With the rise of Nazism in Germany Salem s Jewish founder Kurt Hahn fled persecution and founded Gordonstoun School in Scotland to which Philip moved after two terms at Salem 22 In 1937 his sister Cecilie her husband Georg Donatus Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse her two young sons Ludwig and Alexander her newborn infant and her mother in law Princess Eleonore of Solms Hohensolms Lich were killed in an air crash at Ostend Philip then 16 years old attended the funeral in Darmstadt 23 Both Cecilie and her husband were members of the Nazi Party 24 The following year his uncle and guardian Lord Milford Haven died of bone marrow cancer 25 His younger brother Lord Louis took parental responsibility for Philip for the remainder of his youth 26 Naval and wartime service Philip served aboard HMS Valiant in the Battle of the Mediterranean After leaving Gordonstoun in early 1939 Philip completed a term as a cadet at the Royal Naval College Dartmouth then repatriated to Greece living with his mother in Athens for a month in mid 1939 At the behest of the Greek king George II his first cousin he returned to Britain in September to resume training for the Royal Navy 27 He graduated from Dartmouth the next year as the best cadet in his course 28 During the Second World War he continued to serve in the British forces while two of his brothers in law Prince Christoph of Hesse and Berthold Margrave of Baden fought on the opposing German side 29 Philip was appointed as a midshipman in January 1940 He spent four months on the battleship HMS Ramillies protecting convoys of the Australian Expeditionary Force in the Indian Ocean followed by shorter postings on HMS Kent on HMS Shropshire and in British Ceylon 30 After the invasion of Greece by Italy in October 1940 he was transferred from the Indian Ocean to the battleship HMS Valiant in the Mediterranean Fleet 31 On 1 February 1941 32 Philip was commissioned as a sub lieutenant after a series of courses at Portsmouth in which he gained the top grade in four out of five sections of the qualifying examination 33 Among other engagements he was involved in the battle of Crete and was mentioned in dispatches for his service during the battle of Cape Matapan in which he controlled the battleship s searchlights He was also awarded the Greek War Cross 28 In June 1942 he was appointed to the destroyer HMS Wallace which was involved in convoy escort tasks on the east coast of Britain as well as the Allied invasion of Sicily 34 Promotion to lieutenant followed on 16 July 1942 35 In October of the same year he became first lieutenant of HMS Wallace at 21 years old one of the youngest first lieutenants in the Royal Navy During the invasion of Sicily in July 1943 as second in command of Wallace he saved his ship from a night bomber attack He devised a plan to launch a raft with smoke floats that successfully distracted the bombers allowing the ship to slip away unnoticed 34 In 1944 he moved on to the new destroyer HMS Whelp where he saw service with the British Pacific Fleet in the 27th Destroyer Flotilla 36 37 He was present in Tokyo Bay when the instrument of Japanese surrender was signed Philip returned to the United Kingdom on the Whelp in January 1946 and was posted as an instructor at HMS Royal Arthur the Petty Officers School in Corsham Wiltshire 38 Marriage Queen Victoria is the great great grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II line of descent in red and Prince Philip line of descent in green Further information Wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Philip Mountbatten In 1939 King George VI and Queen Elizabeth toured the Royal Naval College Dartmouth During the visit the Queen and Lord Mountbatten asked his nephew Philip to escort the King s two daughters Elizabeth and Margaret who were Philip s third cousins through Queen Victoria and second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark 39 Elizabeth fell in love with Philip and they began to exchange letters when she was 13 40 Eventually in the summer of 1946 Philip asked the King for his daughter s hand in marriage The King granted his request provided that any formal engagement be delayed until Elizabeth s 21st birthday the following April 41 By March 1947 Philip had abandoned his Greek and Danish royal titles had adopted the surname Mountbatten from his mother s family and had become a naturalised British subject The engagement was announced to the public on 10 July 1947 42 Though Philip appeared always to have regarded himself as an Anglican 43 and he had attended Anglican services with his classmates and relations in England and throughout his Royal Navy days he had been baptised in the Greek Orthodox Church The Archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey Fisher wanted to regularise Philip s position by officially receiving him into the Church of England 44 which he did in October 1947 45 The day before the wedding King George VI bestowed the style of Royal Highness on Philip and on the morning of the wedding 20 November 1947 he was made the Duke of Edinburgh Earl of Merioneth and Baron Greenwich of Greenwich in the County of London 46 Consequently being already a Knight of the Garter between 19 and 20 November 1947 he bore the unusual style Lieutenant His Royal Highness Sir Philip Mountbatten and is so described in the Letters Patent of 20 November 1947 46 Philip and Elizabeth were married in a ceremony at Westminster Abbey recorded and broadcast by BBC radio to 200 million people around the world 47 In post war Britain it was not acceptable for any of the Duke of Edinburgh s German relations to be invited to the wedding including Philip s three surviving sisters all of whom had married German princes After their marriage the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh took up residence at Clarence House Their first two children were born before Elizabeth succeeded her father as monarch in 1952 Prince Charles in 1948 and Princess Anne in 1950 Their marriage was the longest of any British monarch lasting more than 73 years until Philip s death in April 2021 48 49 Philip was introduced to the House of Lords on 21 July 1948 50 immediately before his uncle Louis Mountbatten who had been made Earl Mountbatten of Burma 51 Philip like his sons Charles and Andrew and other royals with the exception of the 1st Earl of Snowdon 52 ceased to be members of the House of Lords following the House of Lords Act 1999 He never spoke in the House On the 1951 tour of Canada with Prime Minister Louis St Laurent After his honeymoon at the Mountbatten family home Broadlands Philip returned to the navy at first in a desk job at the Admiralty and later on a staff course at the Naval Staff College Greenwich 53 From 1949 he was stationed in Malta residing at Villa Guardamangia after being posted as the first lieutenant of the destroyer HMS Chequers the lead ship of the 1st Destroyer Flotilla in the Mediterranean Fleet 54 On 16 July 1950 he was promoted to lieutenant commander and given command of the frigate HMS Magpie 55 56 On 30 June 1952 Philip was promoted to commander 57 though his active naval career had ended in July 1951 58 59 With the King in ill health Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh were both appointed to the Privy Council on 4 November 1951 after a coast to coast tour of Canada At the end of January 1952 Philip and his wife set out on a tour of the Commonwealth On 6 February 1952 they were in Kenya when Elizabeth s father died and she became queen It was Philip who broke the news to Elizabeth at Sagana Lodge and the royal party immediately returned to the United Kingdom 60 On 5 December 1952 Philip was initiated into Freemasonry by the Worshipful Master of Navy Lodge No 2612 honouring a commitment he had made to the late King who had made it clear that he expected Philip to maintain the tradition of royal patronage of Freemasonry However according to one journalist writing in 1983 both Philip s uncle Lord Mountbatten as well as the Queen Mother had unfavourable views of Freemasonry after his initiation Philip took no further part in the organisation Although as consort of the Queen Philip might in time have been made Grand Master of British Freemasonry the Queen s cousin Edward Duke of Kent assumed that role in 1967 Philip s son Prince Charles apparently never joined Freemasonry 61 Consort of the QueenRoyal house Coronation portrait of Elizabeth II with Philip June 1953 The accession of Elizabeth to the throne brought up the question of the name of the royal house as Elizabeth would typically have taken Philip s last name upon marriage The Duke s uncle Earl Mountbatten of Burma advocated the name House of Mountbatten Philip suggested House of Edinburgh after his ducal title 62 When Queen Mary Elizabeth s grandmother heard of this she informed the British prime minister Winston Churchill who himself later advised the Queen to issue a royal proclamation declaring that the royal house was to remain known as the House of Windsor Prince Philip privately complained I am nothing but a bloody amoeba I am the only man in the country not allowed to give his name to his own children 63 On 8 February 1960 several years after the death of Queen Mary and the resignation of Churchill as prime minister the Queen issued an Order in Council declaring that Mountbatten Windsor would be the surname of her and her husband s male line descendants who are not styled as Royal Highness or titled as prince or princess 64 While it seems the Queen had absolutely set her heart on such a change and had it in mind for some time it occurred only 11 days before the birth of Prince Andrew 19 February and only after three months of protracted correspondence between constitutional expert Edward Iwi who averred that without such a change the royal child would be born with the Badge of Bastardy and Prime Minister Harold Macmillan who had attempted to refute Iwi s arguments 65 After she acceded to the throne the Queen also announced that the Duke was to have place pre eminence and precedence next to her on all occasions and in all meetings except where otherwise provided by Act of Parliament This meant the Duke took precedence over his son the Prince of Wales except officially in the British parliament In fact however he attended Parliament only when escorting the Queen for the annual State Opening of Parliament where he walked and sat beside her 66 Contrary to rumours over the years the Queen and Duke were said by insiders to have had a strong relationship throughout their marriage despite the challenges of Elizabeth s reign 67 68 The Queen referred to Prince Philip in a speech on the occasion of her Diamond Jubilee in 2012 as her constant strength and guide 68 Prince Philip received a Parliamentary annuity of 359 000 since 1990 fn 3 that served to meet official expenses in carrying out public duties The annuity was unaffected by the reform of royal finances under the Sovereign Grant Act 2011 69 70 Any part of the allowance that was not used to meet official expenditure was liable for tax In practice the entire allowance was used to fund his official duties 71 Duties and milestones With the Queen in Cambridge New Zealand 1954 As consort to the Queen Philip supported his wife in her new duties as sovereign accompanying her to ceremonies such as the State Opening of Parliament in various countries state dinners and tours abroad As chairman of the Coronation Commission he was the first member of the royal family to fly in a helicopter visiting the troops that were to take part in the ceremony 72 Philip was not crowned in the service but knelt before Elizabeth with her hands enclosing his and swore to be her liege man of life and limb 73 In the early 1950s his sister in law Princess Margaret considered marrying a divorced older man Peter Townsend The press accused Philip of being hostile to the match to which he replied I haven t done anything Philip had not interfered preferring to stay out of other people s love lives 74 Eventually Margaret and Townsend parted For six months over 1953 1954 Philip and Elizabeth toured the Commonwealth as with previous tours the children were left in Britain 75 In 1956 the Duke with Kurt Hahn founded The Duke of Edinburgh s Award to give young people a sense of responsibility to themselves and their communities In the same year he also established the Commonwealth Study Conferences From 1956 to 1957 Philip travelled around the world aboard the newly commissioned HMY Britannia during which he opened the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne and visited the Antarctic becoming the first royal to cross the Antarctic Circle 76 The Queen and the children remained in the UK On the return leg of the journey Philip s private secretary Mike Parker was sued for divorce by his wife As with Townsend the press still portrayed divorce as a scandal and eventually Parker resigned He later said that the Duke was very supportive and the Queen was wonderful throughout She regarded divorce as a sadness not a hanging offence 77 In a public show of support the Queen created Parker a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order 78 With the Queen in Ottawa Canada 1957 Further press reports claimed that the Queen and the Duke were drifting apart which enraged the Duke and dismayed the Queen who issued a strongly worded denial 79 On 22 February 1957 she granted her husband the style and title of a Prince of the United Kingdom by Letters Patent it was gazetted that he was to be known as His Royal Highness The Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh 80 Philip was appointed to the Queen s Privy Council for Canada on 14 October 1957 taking his Oath of Allegiance before the Queen in person at her Canadian residence Rideau Hall 81 Remarks he made two years later to the Canadian Medical Association on the subject of youth and sport were taken as a suggestion that Canadian children were out of shape This was at first considered tactless but Philip was later admired for his encouragement of physical fitness 82 While in Canada in 1969 Philip spoke about his views on republicanism It is a complete misconception to imagine that the monarchy exists in the interests of the monarch It doesn t It exists in the interests of the people If at any time any nation decides that the system is unacceptable then it is up to them to change it 83 In 1960 Philip attended the National Eisteddfod wearing a long green robe where he was initiated as an Honorary Ovate by the Archdruid of Wales Edgar Phillips through his bardic name Philip Meirionnydd to reflect his title of Earl of Merioneth 84 In 1961 he became the first member of the royal family to be interviewed on television after he appeared on Panorama to answer questions by Richard Dimbleby about the Commonwealth Technical Training Week an initiative of which he was patron 85 Visiting Salford University in 1967 Philip was patron of some 800 organisations particularly focused on the environment industry sport and education His first solo engagement as Duke of Edinburgh was in March 1948 presenting prizes at the boxing finals of the London Federation of Boys Clubs at the Royal Albert Hall 86 He was president of the National Playing Fields Association now known as Fields in Trust for 64 years from 1947 until his grandson Prince William took over the role in 2013 87 He was appointed a fellow of the Royal Society in 1951 88 In 1952 he became patron of The Industrial Society since renamed The Work Foundation 89 From 1955 to 1957 he was president of The Football Association and served two terms as president of Marylebone Cricket Club with his tenures starting in 1949 and 1974 respectively 90 91 Between 1959 and 1965 Prince Philip was the President of BAFTA 92 He helped found the Australian Conservation Foundation in 1963 and the World Wildlife Fund in 1961 and served as the latter s UK president from 1961 to 1982 international president from 1981 and president emeritus from 1996 76 93 He was also president of the Zoological Society of London for two decades and was appointed an honorary fellow in 1977 94 95 Despite his involvement in initiatives for conserving nature he was also criticised for practices such as fox hunting and shooting of game birds 93 and the killing of a tiger in India in 1961 96 He was president of the International Equestrian Federation from 1964 to 1986 97 and served as chancellor of the universities of Cambridge Edinburgh Salford and Wales 98 In 1965 at the suggestion of Prime Minister Harold Wilson Philip became chair to a scheme set up for awarding industrial innovations which later became known as the Queen s Awards for Enterprise 99 In the same year Philip became president of the Council of Engineering Institutions and in that capacity he assisted with the inception of the Fellowship of Engineering later the Royal Academy of Engineering of which he later became the senior fellow 100 He also commissioned the Prince Philip Designers Prize and the Prince Philip Medal to recognise designers and engineers with exceptional contributions 100 101 In 1970 he was involved with the founding of The Maritime Trust for restoring and preserving historic British ships 102 In 2017 the British Heart Foundation thanked Prince Philip for being its patron for 55 years during which time in addition to organising fundraisers he supported the creation of nine BHF funded centres of excellence 103 He was an Honorary Fellow of St Edmund s College Cambridge 104 Charles and Diana At the beginning of 1981 Philip wrote to his eldest son Charles counselling him to make up his mind to either propose to Lady Diana Spencer or break off their courtship 105 Charles felt pressured by his father to make a decision and did so proposing to Diana in February 106 They married five months later By 1992 the marriage of the Prince and Princess of Wales had broken down The Queen and Philip hosted a meeting between Charles and Diana trying to effect a reconciliation but without success 107 Philip wrote to Diana expressing his disappointment at both Charles s and her extra marital affairs and asking her to examine both his and her behaviour from the other s point of view 108 She found the letters hard to take but nevertheless appreciated that he was acting with good intent 109 Charles and Diana later separated and were divorced in 1996 A year after the divorce Diana was killed in a car crash in Paris on 31 August 1997 At the time the Duke was on holiday at Balmoral with the extended royal family In their grief Diana s two sons Princes William and Harry wanted to attend church and so their grandparents took them that morning 110 For five days the Queen and the Duke shielded their grandsons from the ensuing press interest by keeping them at Balmoral where they could grieve in private 110 The royal family s seclusion caused public dismay 110 but the public mood changed after a live broadcast made by the Queen on 5 September 111 Uncertain as to whether they should walk behind her coffin during the funeral procession Diana s sons hesitated 111 Philip told William If you don t walk I think you ll regret it later If I walk will you walk with me 111 On the day of the funeral Philip William Harry Charles and Diana s brother Earl Spencer walked through London behind her bier Over the next few years Mohamed Al Fayed whose son Dodi Fayed was also killed in the crash claimed that Prince Philip had ordered the death of Diana and that the accident was staged The inquest into the Princess of Wales s death concluded in 2008 that there was no evidence of a conspiracy 112 Longevity and final years The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh during a visit to Titanic Belfast on 27 June 2012 In April 2009 Philip became the longest serving British royal consort 113 He became the oldest ever male British royal in February 2013 and the third longest lived member of the British royal family following Princess Alice Duchess of Gloucester and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother in April 2019 114 Personally he was not enthused about living an extremely long life remarking in a 2000 interview when he was 79 that he could not imagine anything worse and had no desire whatsoever to become a centenarian saying bits of me are falling off already 115 The Duke at the official opening of the Fifth Assembly of the Senedd in Cardiff Wales in 2016 Clockwise and facing from left to right Elin Jones Senedd Speaker Camilla Duchess of Cornwall Charles Prince of Wales Carwyn Jones First Minister of Wales Philip and the Queen In 2008 Philip was admitted to King Edward VII s Hospital London for a chest infection he walked into the hospital unaided recovered quickly 116 and was discharged three days later 117 After the Evening Standard reported that Philip had prostate cancer Buckingham Palace which usually refuses to comment on health rumours denied the story 118 and the paper retracted it 119 120 In June 2011 in an interview marking his 90th birthday he said that he would now slow down and reduce his duties stating that he had done his bit 121 His wife the Queen gave him the title Lord High Admiral for his 90th birthday 122 While staying at Sandringham House the royal residence in Norfolk on 23 December 2011 the Duke suffered chest pains and was taken to the cardio thoracic unit at Papworth Hospital Cambridgeshire where he underwent successful coronary angioplasty and stenting 123 He was discharged on 27 December 124 On 4 June 2012 during the celebrations in honour of his wife s Diamond Jubilee Philip was taken from Windsor Castle to King Edward VII s Hospital suffering from a bladder infection 125 He was released from hospital on 9 June 126 After a recurrence of infection in August 2012 while staying at Balmoral Castle he was admitted to Aberdeen Royal Infirmary for five nights as a precautionary measure 127 In June 2013 Philip was admitted to the London Clinic for an exploratory operation on his abdomen spending 11 days in hospital 128 On 21 May 2014 the Prince appeared in public with a bandage on his right hand after a minor procedure was performed in Buckingham Palace the preceding day 129 In June 2017 he was taken from Windsor to London and admitted to King Edward VII s Hospital after being diagnosed with an infection 130 He spent two nights in the hospital and was unable to attend the State Opening of Parliament and Royal Ascot 131 132 Retirement At Trooping the Colour 2015 Prince Philip retired from his royal duties on 2 August 2017 meeting Royal Marines in his final solo public engagement aged 96 Since 1952 he had completed 22 219 solo engagements Prime Minister Theresa May thanked him for a remarkable lifetime of service 133 134 On 20 November 2017 he celebrated his 70th wedding anniversary with the Queen which made her the first British monarch to celebrate a platinum wedding anniversary 135 On 3 April 2018 Philip was admitted to King Edward VII s Hospital for a planned hip replacement which took place the next day This came after the Duke missed the annual Maundy and Easter Sunday services On 12 April his daughter Princess Anne spent about 50 minutes in the hospital and afterwards said her father was on good form He was discharged the following day 136 On 19 May six weeks later he attended the wedding of his grandson Prince Harry to Meghan Markle and was able to walk with the Queen unaided 137 That October he accompanied the Queen to the wedding of their granddaughter Princess Eugenie to Jack Brooksbank 138 with The Telegraph reporting that Philip works on a wake up and see how I feel basis when deciding whether to attend an event or not 139 On 17 January 2019 97 year old Philip was involved in a car crash as he pulled out onto a main road near the Sandringham Estate An official statement said he was uninjured An eyewitness who came to the prince s aid described having to wipe blood off his hands 140 The driver and a passenger of the other car were injured and taken to hospital 141 Philip attended hospital the next morning as a precaution 142 He apologised 143 and three weeks later voluntarily surrendered his driving licence 144 145 On 14 February the Crown Prosecution Service announced that prosecuting Philip would not be in the public interest 146 The Duke was still allowed to drive around private estates and was seen behind the wheel in the grounds of Windsor Castle in April 2019 147 From 20 to 24 December 2019 Philip stayed at King Edward VII s Hospital and received treatment for a pre existing condition in a visit described by Buckingham Palace as a precautionary measure 148 He had not been seen in public since attending Lady Gabriella Kingston s wedding in May 2019 149 A photo of Philip with the Queen as they isolated at Windsor Castle during the COVID 19 pandemic was released ahead of his 99th birthday in June 2020 150 In July 2020 he stepped down as Colonel in Chief of The Rifles a position he had held since 2007 He was succeeded by the Duchess of Cornwall 151 On 9 January 2021 Philip and the Queen were vaccinated against COVID 19 by a household doctor at Windsor Castle 152 On 16 February 2021 Philip was admitted to King Edward VII s Hospital as a precautionary measure after feeling unwell 153 He was visited by Prince Charles on 20 February 154 On 23 February it was confirmed by Buckingham Palace that Philip was responding to treatment for an infection 155 156 On 1 March 2021 Philip was transferred by ambulance to St Bartholomew s Hospital to continue treatment for an infection and additionally to undergo testing and observation relating to a pre existing heart condition 157 He underwent a successful procedure for his heart condition on 3 March 158 and was transferred back to King Edward VII s Hospital on 5 March 159 He was discharged on 16 March 160 DeathMain article Death and funeral of Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh Buckingham Palace on 9 April 2021 the Union Flag is flown at half mast as crowds gather Philip died of old age 161 on the morning of 9 April 2021 at Windsor Castle aged 99 two months before his 100th birthday He was the longest serving royal consort in British history 162 The Queen who was reportedly at her husband s bedside when he died 163 privately described her husband s death as having left a huge void in her life 164 The palace said Philip died peacefully 165 which was confirmed by Philip s daughter in law the Countess of Wessex who told the press it was so gentle It was just like somebody took him by the hand and off he went 166 His death led to the commencement of Operation Forth Bridge the plan for publicly announcing his death and organising his funeral 165 167 The funeral took place on 17 April 2021 at St George s Chapel Windsor Castle and he was interred in the Royal Vault inside St George s 168 Representatives of countries around the world sent condolences to the royal family upon his death 169 LegacyPersonality and image Philip at the World Championship Coach and fours 1982 Philip played polo until 1971 when he started to compete in carriage driving a sport which he helped to expand the early rule book was drafted under his supervision 170 He was also a keen yachtsman and struck up a friendship in 1949 with Uffa Fox in Cowes Philip and the Queen regularly attended Cowes Week in HMY Britannia Philip s first airborne flying lesson took place in 1952 and by his 70th birthday he had accrued 5 150 pilot hours 171 He was presented with Royal Air Force wings in 1953 helicopter wings with the Royal Navy in 1956 and his private pilot s license in 1959 102 After 44 years as a pilot he retired in August 1997 with 5 986 hours spent in 59 different aircraft 102 In April 2014 it was reported that an old British Pathe newsreel film had been discovered of Philip s 1962 two month flying tour of South America Filmed sitting alongside Philip at the aircraft s controls was his co pilot Captain Peter Middleton the grandfather of the Duke s granddaughter in law Catherine Duchess of Cambridge 172 In 1959 he flew solo in a Druine Turbulent becoming the first and as of April 2021 update the only member of the royal family to have flown a single seat aircraft 173 Her Majesty the Queen at Breakfast painted by Philip in 1957 Biographer Robert Lacey described the painting as a tender portrayal impressionistic in style with brushstrokes that are charmingly soft and fuzzy 174 He painted with oils and collected artworks including contemporary cartoons which hang at Buckingham Palace Windsor Castle Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle Hugh Casson described Philip s own artwork as exactly what you d expect totally direct no hanging about Strong colours vigorous brushstrokes 175 He was patron of the Royal Society of Arts from 1952 until 2011 176 He was fascinated by cartoons about the monarchy and the royal family and was a patron of The Cartoon Museum 177 Philip s down to earth manner was attested to by a White House butler who recalled that on a visit in 1979 Philip engaged him and a fellow butler in a conversation and poured them drinks 178 As well as a reputation for bluntness and plain speaking 179 Philip was noted for occasionally making observations and jokes that have been construed as either funny or as gaffes awkward politically incorrect or even offensive but sometimes perceived as stereotypical of someone of his age and background 180 181 182 183 184 In an address to the General Dental Council in 1960 he jokingly coined a new word for his blunders Dontopedalogy is the science of opening your mouth and putting your foot in it a science which I have practised for a good many years 185 Later in life he suggested his comments may have contributed to the perception that he was a cantankerous old sod 186 During a state visit to China in 1986 in a private conversation with British students from Xi an s Northwest University Philip joked If you stay here much longer you ll go slit eyed 187 The British press reported on the remark as indicative of racial intolerance but the Chinese authorities were reportedly unconcerned Chinese students studying in the UK an official explained were often told in jest not to stay away too long lest they go round eyed 188 His comment had no effect on Sino British relations but it shaped his own reputation 189 In 2011 the historian David Starkey described him as a kind of HRH Victor Meldrew 190 For example in May 1999 British newspapers accused Philip of insulting deaf children at a pop concert in Wales by saying No wonder you are deaf listening to this row 191 Later Philip wrote The story is largely invention It so happens that my mother was quite seriously deaf and I have been Patron of the Royal National Institute for the Deaf for ages so it s hardly likely that I would do any such thing 192 When he and the Queen met Stephen Menary an army cadet blinded by a Real IRA bomb and the Queen enquired how much sight he retained Philip quipped Not a lot judging by the tie he s wearing Menary later said I think he just tries to put people at ease by trying to make a joke I certainly didn t take any offence 193 Centenary To mark Prince Philip s centenary the Royal Collection Trust plans to hold an exhibition at Windsor Castle and the Palace of Holyroodhouse Titled Prince Philip A Celebration it will showcase around 150 personal items related to him including his wedding card wedding menu midshipman s logbook from 1940 41 chair of estate and the coronation robes and coronet that he wore for his wife s coronation in 1953 194 195 George Alexis Weymouth s portrait of the Duke in the ruins of the Castle after the fire of 1992 will form part of a focus on Philip s involvement with the subsequent restoration 195 The Royal Horticultural Society also marked his centenary by breeding a new rose in his honour Created by British rose breeder Harkness Roses it was christened The Duke of Edinburgh Rose The Queen Patron of the Royal Horticultural Society was given the deep pink commemorative rose in honour of her husband and she remarked that It looks lovely A Duke of Edinburgh Rose has since been planted in the mixed rose border of Windsor Castle s East Terrace Garden where Philip played a major role in the Garden s design 196 197 US president Joe Biden also remembered the Duke on his centenary saying I know there are a lot of people feeling his absence today He also offered his condolences to the Queen and the royal family 198 199 Portrayals Philip has been portrayed by several actors including Stewart Granger The Royal Romance of Charles and Diana 1982 Christopher Lee Charles amp Diana A Royal Love Story 1982 David Threlfall The Queen s Sister 2005 James Cromwell The Queen 2006 and Finn Elliot Matt Smith Tobias Menzies and Jonathan Pryce The Crown 2016 onwards 200 201 Prince Philip appears as a fictional character in Nevil Shute s novel In the Wet 1952 Paul Gallico s novel Mrs Arris Goes to Moscow 1974 Tom Clancy s novel Patriot Games 1987 and Sue Townsend s novel The Queen and I 1992 202 In John Gardner s 1964 novel The Liquidator subsequently filmed the story concludes after the central character Boysie Oakes is set up by a double agent to make a staged but unsuccessful assassination attempt on the Duke of Edinburgh when the latter visits an RAF base BooksPhilip authored a number of books Selected Speeches 1948 55 1957 revised paperback edition published by Nabu Press in 2011 ISBN 978 1245671330 Selected Speeches 1956 59 1960 Birds from Britannia 1962 published in the United States as Seabirds from Southern Waters ISBN 978 1163699294 Wildlife Crisis with James Fisher 1970 ISBN 978 0402125112 The Environmental Revolution Speeches on Conservation 1962 1977 1978 ISBN 978 0846414537 Competition Carriage Driving 1982 published in France 1984 second edition 1984 revised edition 1994 ISBN 978 0851315942 A Question of Balance 1982 ISBN 978 0859550871 Men Machines and Sacred Cows 1984 ISBN 978 0241111741 A Windsor Correspondence with Michael Mann 1984 ISBN 978 0859551083 Down to Earth Collected Writings and Speeches on Man and the Natural World 1961 87 1988 paperback edition 1989 Japanese edition 1992 ISBN 978 0828907118 Survival or Extinction A Christian Attitude to the Environment with Michael Mann 1989 ISBN 978 0859551588 Driving and Judging Dressage 1996 ISBN 978 0851316666 30 Years On and Off the Box Seat 2004 ISBN 978 0851318981 Forewords to Royal Australian Navy 1911 1961 Jubilee Souvenir issued by authority of the Department of the Navy Canberra 1961 The Concise British Flora in Colour by William Keble Martin Ebury Press Michael Joseph 1965 Birds of Town and Village by William Donald Campbell and Basil Ede 1965 Kurt Hahn by Hermann Rohrs and Hilary Tunstall Behrens 1970 The Doomsday Book of Animals by David Day 1981 Saving the Animals The World Wildlife Fund Book of Conservation by Bernard Stonehouse 1981 The Art of Driving by Max Pape 1982 ISBN 978 0851313399 Yachting and the Royal Prince Alfred Yacht Club by Graeme Norman 1988 ISBN 978 0867770674 National Maritime Museum Guide to Maritime Britain by Keith Wheatley 2000 The Royal Yacht Britannia The Official History by Richard Johnstone Bryden Conway Maritime Press 2003 ISBN 978 0851779379 1953 The Crowning Year of Sport by Jonathan Rice 2003 British Flags and Emblems by Graham Bartram Tuckwell Press 2004 ISBN 978 1862322974 Chariots of War by Robert Hobson Ulric Publication 2004 ISBN 978 0954199715 RMS Queen Mary 2 Manual An Insight into the Design Construction and Operation of the World s Largest Ocean Liner by Stephen Payne Haynes Publishing 2014 The Triumph of a Great Tradition The Story of Cunard s 175 Years by Eric Flounders and Michael Gallagher Lily Publications 2014 ISBN 978 1906608859Titles styles honours and armsMain article List of titles and honours of Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh Philip s monogram Philip held many titles throughout his life Originally holding the title and style of a prince of Greece and Denmark Philip abandoned these royal titles prior to his marriage and was thereafter created a British duke among other noble titles 203 The Queen formally issued letters patent in 1957 making Philip a British prince 80 When addressing the Duke of Edinburgh as with any male member of the royal family except the monarch the rules of etiquette were to address him the first time as Your Royal Highness and thereafter as Sir 204 Honours and honorary military appointments The Duke of Edinburgh was appointed by King George VI to the Order of the Garter on 19 November 1947 the eve of his wedding Since then Philip received 17 different appointments and decorations in the Commonwealth and 48 from foreign states The inhabitants of some villages on the island of Tanna Vanuatu worship Prince Philip as a god like spiritual figure the islanders possess portraits of the Duke and hold feasts on his birthday 205 The Duke of Edinburgh Colonel in Chief of the Royal Canadian Regiment presenting the 3rd Battalion with their Regimental Colours in April 2013 Upon his wife s accession to the throne in 1952 the Duke was appointed Admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps Colonel in Chief of the British Army Cadet Force and Air Commodore in Chief of the Air Training Corps 206 The following year he was appointed to the equivalent positions in Canada and made Admiral of the Fleet Captain General Royal Marines Field Marshal and Marshal of the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom 207 Subsequent military appointments were made in New Zealand and Australia 208 In 1975 he was appointed Colonel of the Grenadier Guards a position he handed over to his son Andrew in 2017 209 On 16 December 2015 his role as Honorary Air Commodore in Chief was handed over to the Duchess of Cambridge To celebrate his 90th birthday the Queen appointed him Lord High Admiral 210 as well as to the highest ranks available in all three branches of the Canadian Armed Forces 211 On their 70th wedding anniversary 20 November 2017 the Queen appointed him Knight Grand Cross GCVO of the Royal Victorian Order making him the first British national since his uncle Earl Mountbatten of Burma to be entitled to wear the breast stars of four orders of chivalry in the United Kingdom 212 Arms Coat of arms of Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh Adopted 1949 Crest A plume of ostrich feathers alternately sable and argent issuant from a ducal coronet or 213 Torse Mantled or and ermine 213 Helm Upon a coronet of a son of the sovereign proper the royal helm or 214 page needed Escutcheon From 1949 Quarterly First Or semee of hearts gules three lions passant in pale azure ducally crowned or for Denmark Second Azure a cross argent for Greece Third Argent two pallets sable for Battenberg and Mountbatten Fourth Argent upon a rock proper a castle triple towered sable masoned argent windows port turret caps and vanes gules for Edinburgh 213 Supporters Dexter a savage crowned with a chaplet of oak leaves girt about the loins with a lion skin and supporting in the dexter hand a club proper from the royal Greek arms Sinister a lion queue fourche ducally crowned or and gorged with a naval coronet azure based on Battenberg arms 213 Motto GOD IS MY HELP 213 Orders The Order of the Garter ribbon HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE Shamed be he who thinks evil of it Banner A banner of the Duke s arms was used as his personal standard 215 Symbolism The arms of Denmark and Greece represent the Duke of Edinburgh s familial lineage The arms of the City of Edinburgh represent Philip s dukedom The naval crown collar alludes to the Duke s naval career Previous versions From 1947 to 1949 Arms of Greece surmounted by an inescutcheon of the arms of Denmark and over all in the first quarter the arms of Princess Alice daughter of Queen Victoria viz the Royal Arms differenced with a label of three points argent the middle point charged with a rose gules and each of the others with an ermine spot The shield is encircled by the Garter and ensigned with a princely coronet of crosses pattee and fleurs de lis above which is placed a barred helm affronte and thereon the crest out of a ducal coronet or a plume of five ostrich feathers alternately sable and argent The supporters are dexter the figure of Hercules proper and sinister a lion queue fourche ducally crowned or gorged with a naval coronet azure 216 page needed IssueName Birth Marriage Their children Their grandchildrenDate SpouseCharles Prince of Wales 14 November 1948 29 July 1981 Divorced 28 August 1996 Lady Diana Spencer Prince William Duke of Cambridge Prince George of CambridgePrincess Charlotte of CambridgePrince Louis of CambridgePrince Harry Duke of Sussex Archie Mountbatten WindsorLilibet Mountbatten Windsor9 April 2005 Camilla Parker Bowles NoneAnne Princess Royal 15 August 1950 14 November 1973 Divorced 23 April 1992 Mark Phillips Peter Phillips Savannah PhillipsIsla PhillipsZara Tindall Mia TindallLena TindallLucas Tindall12 December 1992 Timothy Laurence NonePrince Andrew Duke of York 19 February 1960 23 July 1986 Divorced 30 May 1996 Sarah Ferguson Princess Beatrice Mrs Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi NonePrincess Eugenie Mrs Jack Brooksbank August BrooksbankPrince Edward Earl of Wessex 10 March 1964 19 June 1999 Sophie Rhys Jones Lady Louise Windsor NoneJames Viscount Severn NoneAncestryBoth Philip and Queen Elizabeth II are great great grandchildren of Queen Victoria Elizabeth by descent from Victoria s eldest son King Edward VII and Philip by descent from Victoria s second daughter Princess Alice Both are also descended from King Christian IX of Denmark 39 Philip was also related to the House of Romanov through both of his parents He was a direct descendant of Emperor Nicholas I of Russia via his paternal grandmother Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia 217 His maternal grandmother Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine was a sister of Alexandra Feodorovna Alix of Hesse wife of Emperor Nicholas II In 1993 scientists were able to confirm the identity of the remains of several members of the Romanov family more than seventy years after their deaths in 1918 by comparing their mitochondrial DNA to living matrilineal relatives including Philip Philip Alexandra and her children are all descended from Princess Alice the daughter of Queen Victoria through a purely female line 218 Ancestors of Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh 219 8 Christian IX of Denmark4 George I of Greece9 Princess Louise of Hesse Kassel2 Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark10 Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia5 Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia11 Princess Alexandra of Saxe Altenburg1 Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh12 Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine6 Prince Louis of Battenberg13 Countess Julia von Hauke3 Princess Alice of Battenberg14 Louis IV Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine7 Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine15 Princess Alice of the United KingdomNotes a b He was born on 10 June 1921 according to the Gregorian calendar Until March 1923 Greece used the Julian calendar in which the date is 28 May 1921 The Danish Act of Succession 1953 removed the succession rights of his branch of the family in Denmark 7 The amount was set by the Civil List Increase of Financial Provision Order 1990 It was initially set at 40 000 in the Civil List Act 1952 raised to 65 000 by the Civil List Act 1972 and raised to 165 000 by the Civil List Increase of Financial Provision Order 1984 References Multiple sources Early life and education The Royal Family 2 March 2017 Archived from the original on 9 April 2021 Retrieved 9 April 2021 His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh Canadian Heritage Archived from the original on 17 March 2012 Retrieved 10 June 2011 Ward Victoria 10 June 2011 Prince Philip s 90th birthday a life less ordinary for The Duke of Edinburgh The Telegraph Archived from the original on 13 June 2011 Retrieved 12 April 2021 The Life And Times Of The Royal Consort Sky News 10 June 2011 Archived from the original on 16 October 2012 Retrieved 10 June 2011 Do your DofE The Duke of Edinburgh s Award dofe org Archived from the original on 29 January 2019 Retrieved 29 January 2019 Low Valentine 9 April 2021 Prince Philip was a man determined to make an impact The Times Retrieved 12 April 2021 Jydske Tidende in Danish 18 May 1986 p 36 Hamilton 1985 p 18 Brandreth 2004 p 56 Tagholt 1963 p 6 Sakalis Alex 17 April 2021 Prince Philip s secret return visit to the island of his birth The Independent Retrieved 18 April 2021 Brandreth 2004 pp 58 59 News in Brief Prince Andrew s Departure The Times 5 December 1922 p 12 Alexandra 1959 pp 35 37 Heald 1991 p 31 Vickers 2000 pp 176 178 a b Rocco Fiammetta 13 December 1992 A strange life Profile of Prince Philip The Independent London Retrieved 22 May 2010 Davies 2000 p 161 Holden 1979 p 141 Eade Philip 5 May 2017 The romances of young Prince Philip The Telegraph Retrieved 10 August 2018 Alexandra 1959 p 42 Heald 1991 p 34 Fellow pupils at the school included Princess Anne of Bourbon Parma who later married King Michael of Romania Heald 1991 pp 35 39 Brandreth 2004 p 66 Vickers 2000 p 205 Eade 2011 p 104 Brandreth 2004 p 67 Prince Philip quoted in Brandreth 2004 p 72 Brandreth 2004 p 72 Heald 1991 p 42 Brandreth 2004 p 69 Vickers 2000 p 273 Brooks Pollock Tom 20 July 2015 Queen Nazi salute film Documentary will show Prince Philip s sister calling Hitler charming and modest The Independent Retrieved 9 April 2021 Brandreth 2004 pp 77 136 Prince Philip A turbulent childhood stalked by exile mental illness and death BBC News 10 April 2021 Retrieved 14 April 2021 Eade 2011 pp 129 130 Vickers 2000 pp 284 285 433 a b Naval career Official website of the British Monarchy Archived from the original on 29 May 2010 Retrieved 7 May 2010 Vickers 2000 pp 293 295 Eade 2011 pp 132 133 Heald 1991 p 60 No 35455 The London Gazette 13 February 1942 p 715 Brandreth 2004 p 154 Heald 1991 p 66 a b Smith David 28 December 2003 Prince Philip s war heroics come to light after 60 years The Guardian London Retrieved 12 October 2008 No 35664 The London Gazette 11 August 1942 p 3510 Brandreth 2004 pp 155 163 Heald 1991 pp 66 67 HMS Whelp destroyer Naval history net Retrieved 12 October 2008 Brandreth 2004 p 176 a b Alexandra of Yugoslavia quoted in Heald 1991 p 57 Brandreth 2004 pp 132 136 166 168 Brandreth 2004 p 183 Heald 1991 p 77 The Times 10 July 1947 p 4 Boothroyd 1971 pp 45 47 Elizabeth s Fiance Now an Anglican The New York Times 4 October 1947 Retrieved 12 April 2021 a b No 38128 The London Gazette 21 November 1947 pp 5495 5496 Heald 1991 p 86 Queen celebrates diamond wedding BBC News 19 November 2007 Retrieved 10 February 2017 Rayner Gordon 19 November 2012 Queen and Duke of Edinburgh celebrate 65th wedding anniversary The Telegraph Retrieved 10 February 2017 HRH The Duke of Edinburgh Lords Sitting of 21 July 1948 UK Parliament Archived from the original on 20 August 2018 Retrieved 31 October 2018 Earl Mountbatten of Burma Lords Sitting of 21 July 1948 UK Parliament Archived from the original on 20 August 2018 Retrieved 31 October 2018 Watt Nicholas 3 November 1999 Dismay as Snowdon stays in Lords The Guardian Retrieved 16 January 2015 Alexandra 1959 pp 100 105 106 Heald 1991 p 94 Heald 1991 p 95 No 38994 The London Gazette Supplement 15 August 1950 p 4152 No 39597 The London Gazette 15 July 1952 p 3821 The Duke of Edinburgh gt Military involvement Official website of the British Monarchy Archived from the original on 28 May 2010 Retrieved 7 May 2010 Heald 1991 p 97 Brandreth 2004 pp 245 247 Knight 1984 p 211 Soames Emma 1 June 2012 Emma Soames As Churchills we re proud to do our duty The Telegraph Archived from the original on 2 June 2012 Brandreth 2004 pp 253 254 No 41948 The London Gazette Supplement 8 February 1960 p 1003 Travis Alan 18 February 1999 Queen feared slur on family The Guardian Retrieved 17 April 2014 Tour of the Palace of Westminster PDF British Japanese Parliamentary Group Archived from the original PDF on 3 June 2013 Retrieved 2 May 2012 Smith Sally Bedell January 2012 Love and Majesty Vanity Fair Retrieved 12 April 2021 a b Prince Philip The man at the Queen s side ITV News 5 June 2012 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Royal Public Finances PDF Archived from the original PDF on 24 February 2014 Retrieved 7 August 2014 Memorandum of Understanding on Royal Taxation PDF HM Government 2013 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Sovereign grant Act 2011 Tax www gov uk Retrieved 7 August 2014 Brandreth 2004 p 259 Brandreth 2004 p 263 Brandreth 2004 p 270 Brandreth 2004 p 278 a b Nikkhah Roya 25 January 2011 Prince Philip The Duke you don t know The Telegraph Retrieved 12 December 2017 Quoted in Brandreth 2004 p 287 Brandreth 2004 pp 287 289 Brandreth 2004 p 288 a b No 41009 The London Gazette 22 February 1957 p 1209 Bousfield amp Toffoli 2002 p 12 Prince Philip HRH The Duke of Edinburgh The Canadian Encyclopedia Historica Canada Archived from the original on 9 June 2017 Retrieved 23 June 2017 Brandreth 2004 p 50 Prince Philip The Duke of Edinburgh and Wales in light and dark times BBC News 9 April 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 First TV interview by a member of the Royal Family BBC 29 May 1961 Retrieved 10 April 2021 Duke of Edinburgh attended boxing match as first of 22 000 official duties Metro News Archived from the original on 24 January 2019 Retrieved 23 January 2019 The History of Fields in Trust ArcGIS 24 November 2020 Retrieved 20 February 2021 His Royal Highness Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh KG Kt OM GBE FRS Statute 12 London Royal Society Archived from the original on 24 November 2015 A History of the Commonwealth Study Conferences by Ian Anderson and Joel Ruimy PDF The Governor General s Canadian Leadership Conference Archived from the original PDF on 29 September 2007 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Harris Rob 9 April 2021 2 minute silence across sports to mark Prince Philip s death Associated Press Retrieved 15 April 2021 Marylebone Cricket Club is greatly saddened by the death of HRH Prince Philip The Duke of Edinburgh Lord s 9 April 2021 Retrieved 15 April 2021 President and Vice Presidents BAFTA 30 April 2013 Retrieved 6 April 2021 a b Sommerlad Joe 9 April 2021 How Prince Philip tackled conservation and climate change The Independent Retrieved 10 April 2021 Old footage reveals Prince Philip s lifelong support of London Zoo ITV News 13 April 2021 Retrieved 14 April 2021 The Zoological Society of London Honorary Fellows PDF Zoological Society of London Archived PDF from the original on 4 March 2016 Retrieved 14 April 2021 Roux Erene 10 April 2021 Tiger hunt controversy Prince Philip a hunter and conservationist photos The South African Retrieved 10 May 2021 Philip Duke of Edinburgh Talks Love of and Involvement in Combined Driving US Equestrian Press release US Equestrian Communications Department Archived from the original on 12 December 2017 Retrieved 10 April 2021 The Duke of Edinburgh Activities and interests Official website of the British Monarchy Archived from the original on 6 November 2011 Retrieved 19 October 2011 The Queen s Award to Industry The Queen s Awards for Enterprise The Royal Family Retrieved 15 April 2021 a b Academy pays tribute to its Senior Fellow HRH The Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh Press release Royal Academy of Engineering 9 April 2021 Retrieved 15 April 2021 The Prince Philip Designers Prize Design Council 29 August 2014 Retrieved 15 April 2021 a b c Twenty Things You Didn t Know About Philip Sky News 9 June 2011 Retrieved 15 April 2021 Our Chief Executive thanks Prince Philip for his commitment as Patron News Archive British Heart Foundation Archived from the original on 30 December 2017 Retrieved 10 April 2021 St Edmund s College University of Cambridge Archived from the original on 10 September 2018 Retrieved 10 September 2018 Brandreth 2004 p 344 Lacey 2002 p 276 Brandreth 2004 p 346 Lacey 2002 pp 277 278 Brandreth 2004 pp 348 349 Brandreth 2004 pp 349 351 Brandreth 2004 pp 351 353 a b c Brandreth 2004 p 358 a b c Brandreth 2004 p 359 Duke did not order Diana death BBC News 31 March 2008 Retrieved 22 May 2010 Prince Philip reaches milestone BBC News 18 April 2009 Retrieved 7 June 2013 Prince Philip 97 becomes third oldest royal and oldest ever male in British history but who is number one ITV News 19 April 2019 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Ward Victoria 27 December 2020 Duke of Edinburgh proves reluctant celebrant ahead of his 100th birthday The Telegraph Retrieved 9 April 2021 Duke of Edinburgh is in hospital BBC News 4 April 2008 Retrieved 12 October 2008 Prince discharged from hospital BBC News 6 April 2008 Retrieved 12 October 2008 Statement From Buckingham Palace Following the Evening Standard s Story Entitled Prince Philip Defies Cancer Scare Press release Buckingham Palace 6 August 2008 Archived from the original on 2 December 2010 Retrieved 20 April 2010 British Paper Retracts Story Claiming Prince Philip Has Prostate Cancer Fox News 8 August 2008 Archived from the original on 10 January 2014 Retrieved 1 January 2019 Paper apologises for Prince Philip story The Sydney Morning Herald 8 August 2008 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip Turns 90 and Vows to Slow Down BBC News 10 June 2011 Retrieved 11 June 2011 New title for Duke of Edinburgh as he turns 90 BBC News 10 June 2011 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip has heart procedure at Papworth Hospital BBC News 24 December 2011 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Duke of Edinburgh leaves hospital BBC News 27 December 2011 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip in hospital and to miss Diamond Jubilee concert BBC News 4 June 2012 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Britain s Prince Philip released from hospital in time for his birthday CNN 9 June 2012 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip leaves Aberdeen hospital after five nights BBC News 20 August 2012 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Greene Richard Allen 17 June 2013 Prince Philip leaves hospital will recuperate at Windsor Castle CNN Retrieved 12 April 2021 Duke of Edinburgh has minor procedure on hand BBC News 21 May 2014 Retrieved 7 August 2014 Furness Hannah 21 June 2017 Prince Philip admitted to hospital with infection and misses State Opening of Parliament The Telegraph Retrieved 12 November 2017 Davies Caroline 21 June 2017 Prince Philip to spend second night in hospital The Guardian Retrieved 12 November 2017 Mackintosh Eliza 22 June 2017 UK s Prince Philip Discharged from Hospital after Treatment for Infection CNN Retrieved 12 November 2017 Mills Rhiannon 2 August 2017 Prince Philip carries out final royal engagement before retirement Sky News Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip carries out final official engagement BBC News 2 August 2017 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Queen and Prince Philip portraits released to mark 70th anniversary The Guardian Press Association 20 November 2017 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Duke of Edinburgh leaves hospital BBC News 13 April 2018 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Royal Wedding 2018 BBC News Retrieved 23 May 2018 Princess Eugenie wedding in pictures Splendid hats and gusts of wind BBC News 12 October 2018 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Tominey Camilla 9 October 2018 Duke of Edinburgh will decide at last moment whether he attends royal wedding of Princess Eugenie The Telegraph Retrieved 11 November 2018 Furness Hannah 18 January 2019 Prince Philip crash Duke asked if everyone else was alright after car tumbled across road leaving him bleeding The Telegraph Retrieved 12 April 2021 Siddique Haroon 20 January 2019 Prince Philip has not said sorry for car crash injured woman claims The Guardian Retrieved 12 April 2021 Davies Caroline 18 January 2019 Prince Philip undergoes hospital checks after car crash The Guardian Retrieved 12 April 2021 Ward Victoria 27 January 2019 Prince Philip sends personal apology to victims of Sandringham car crash The Telegraph Retrieved 9 February 2019 Jenkins Lin 9 February 2019 Prince Philip gives up driving licence three weeks after car crash The Guardian Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip 97 gives up driving licence BBC News 9 February 2019 Retrieved 10 February 2019 Bowcott Owen 14 February 2019 Prince Philip will not be prosecuted over car crash says CPS The Guardian Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip spotted behind wheel for first time since giving up licence Irish Examiner 18 April 2019 Archived from the original on 18 April 2019 Retrieved 19 April 2019 Prince Philip leaves hospital to spend Christmas with the Queen The Independent 24 December 2019 Retrieved 26 May 2020 Prince Philip taken to hospital as a precautionary measure BBC News 20 December 2019 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip Photo with Queen to mark Duke of Edinburgh s 99th birthday BBC News 9 June 2020 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip hands over military role to Camilla BBC News 22 July 2020 Retrieved 20 February 2021 Covid 19 Queen and Prince Philip receive vaccinations BBC News 9 January 2021 Retrieved 20 February 2021 Prince Philip admitted to hospital as precautionary measure The Guardian 17 February 2021 Retrieved 18 February 2021 Duke of Edinburgh Prince Charles visits his father in hospital BBC News 20 February 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip has infection and is set to stay in hospital for several days BBC News 23 February 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip 99 in hospital as a precaution BBC News 17 February 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Davies Caroline 1 March 2021 Prince Philip moves hospital two weeks after admission The Guardian Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh has had successful procedure for pre existing heart condition palace says Sky News 4 March 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip transfers back to King Edward VII s Hospital BBC News 5 March 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh leaves hospital after a month BBC News 16 March 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Ward Victoria 4 May 2021 Exclusive Duke of Edinburgh s official cause of death recorded as old age The Telegraph Archived from the original on 4 May 2021 Retrieved 5 May 2021 Prince Philip has died aged 99 Buckingham Palace announces BBC News 9 April 2021 Archived from the original on 9 April 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Tominey Camilla 9 April 2021 Prince Philip s peaceful passing reflects a remarkable life lived in self effacing dignity The Telegraph Archived from the original on 10 April 2021 Retrieved 11 May 2021 Prince Philip The Queen says his death has left a huge void Duke of York BBC News 11 April 2021 Retrieved 12 April 2021 a b Shields Bevan 9 April 2021 Prince Philip dies in Windsor Castle aged 99 Sydney Morning Herald Retrieved 12 April 2021 Davies Caroline 11 April 2021 Queen says Prince Philip s death has left a huge void The Guardian Retrieved 12 April 2021 Murray Jessica Walker Peter et al 9 April 2021 Prince Philip tributes paid to Duke of Edinburgh after death aged 99 latest updates The Guardian ISSN 0261 3077 Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip funeral Pictures as Queen and nation bid farewell to the duke BBC News 17 April 2021 Retrieved 24 April 2021 Prince Philip World leaders and royals send heartfelt sympathy BBC News 11 April 2021 Retrieved 24 April 2021 Heald 1991 pp 212 214 Heald 1991 pp 148 149 Sparkes Matthew 22 April 2014 Royal couples grandparents jet age meeting The Telegraph Retrieved 7 May 2014 Prince Philip Derby plane flown by duke to be restored BBC News 14 April 2021 Retrieved 15 April 2021 Lacey 2002 p 368 Heald 1991 p 253 Royal Society of Arts AIM25 Retrieved 15 April 2021 Royals natural targets for cartoons but Philip saw humour ITV News 14 April 2021 Retrieved 15 April 2021 Goodwin Christopher 18 January 2009 I m tickled to death I never thought I d see such a thing The Guardian London Retrieved 12 April 2021 Prince Philip at 90 on a lifetime of speaking his mind BBC News 9 June 2011 Retrieved 22 April 2016 Caught on tape Infamous gaffes BBC News 19 September 2006 Retrieved 12 October 2008 Blair Tim 23 May 2008 Prince Philip right to have a dig at Durie News com au Archived from the original on 8 January 2009 Retrieved 12 October 2008 AM Prince Philip reminded of blunders on his 85th birthday Australian Broadcasting Corporation Retrieved 12 October 2008 Naysmith Stephen 23 April 2000 The Secret Life of Prince Philip Sunday Herald Archived from the original on 6 December 2008 Retrieved 12 October 2008 Duggan Paul 5 May 2007 Prince Philip Has a Mouthful Of a Title And Often His Foot The Washington Post Retrieved 12 October 2008 Dolby 2015 p 44 Prince Philip quoted in Brandreth 2004 p 7 Heald 1991 pp 244 245 Lacey 2002 p 303 Lacey 2002 p 304 see also Heald 1991 p 245 for a Hong Kong version of the round eyed joke Heald 1991 p 246 Lacey 2002 p 304 Starkey speaking on BBC News Radio Four 10 June 2011 Brandreth 2004 p 46 Letter of 4 June 1999 quoted in Brandreth 2004 p 46 Leach Ben 14 December 2009 Duke of Edinburgh gaffes by mocking blind boy The Telegraph Retrieved 22 April 2016 Malvern Jack 8 June 2021 Palace exhibitions to celebrate Prince Philip s life The Times Retrieved 10 June 2021 a b Cope Rebecca 8 June 2021 Prince Philip s life to be celebrated in new exhibitions at Windsor Castle and Holyroodhouse Tatler Retrieved 10 June 2021 Goldsmith Annie 9 June 2021 Queen Elizabeth Is Given a New Rose Named in Honor of Prince Philip Town amp Country Retrieved 10 June 2021 Coke Hope 10 June 2021 The Queen presented with newly bred rose in touching tribute to Prince Philip Tatler Retrieved 11 June 2021 Nelson Steven 10 June 2021 Biden offers condolences to Queen Elizabeth on late Prince Philip s 100th birthday New York Post Retrieved 11 June 2021 President Biden Remembers Prince Philip On What Would Have Been Royal s 100th Birthday Yahoo Entertainment 11 June 2021 Retrieved 11 June 2021 The Crown Tobias Menzies cast as new Prince Philip BBC News 29 March 2018 Retrieved 10 April 2018 Jonathan Pryce Netflix s The Crown casts its final Prince Philip BBC News 13 August 2020 Retrieved 6 February 2021 Cassidy Suzanne 25 December 1993 The British Novelist Who Turned A Class System Upside Down The New York Times Retrieved 16 September 2015 No 38128 The London Gazette 21 November 1947 p 5495 Royalty Debrett s Guide to British Behaviour 12 November 2010 Archived from the original on 12 November 2010 Retrieved 23 May 2018 Squires Nick 10 June 2007 Is Prince Philip an island god Vanuatu BBC News Retrieved 12 October 2008 Heald 1991 p 111 Heald 1991 pp 264 267 Brandreth 2004 pp 407 408 Heald 1991 pp 264 267 The Duke of York is appointed Colonel of the Grenadier Guards Royal Household 1 December 2017 Retrieved 12 April 2021 The Duke of Edinburgh appointed Lord High Admiral royal uk 10 June 2011 Retrieved 4 June 2016 Office of the Prime Minister of Canada 10 June 2011 PM announces the appointment of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh to the highest ranks of the Canadian Armed Forces Press release Queen s Printer for Canada Archived from the original on 16 November 2016 Retrieved 10 June 2011 Furness Hannah 20 November 2017 Queen grants new honour to Prince Philip for 70th wedding anniversary The Telegraph Retrieved 22 November 2017 a b c d e HRH The Duke of Edinburgh College of Arms 9 April 2021 Retrieved 13 April 2021 Pinches amp Pinches 1974 Duke of Edinburgh 13 January 2009 Archived from the original on 13 January 2009 Retrieved 23 May 2018 Boutell amp Brooke Little 1973 Montgomery Massingberd 1977 pp 469 474 Gill Peter Ivanov Pavel L Kimpton Colin Piercy Romelle et al February 1994 Identification of the remains of the Romanov family by DNA analysis Nature Genetics 6 2 130 135 doi 10 1038 ng0294 130 PMID 8162066 S2CID 33557869 Louda amp Maclagan 1999 p 34 Works cited Alexandra 1959 Prince Philip A Family Portrait London Hodder and Stoughton Boothroyd Basil 1971 Prince Philip An Informal Biography New York McCall ISBN 0 8415 0116 5 Bousfield Arthur Toffoli Gary 2002 Fifty Years the Queen Toronto Dundurn Press ISBN 1 55002 360 8 Boutell Charles Brooke Little John Philip 1973 Boutell s Heraldry F Warne ISBN 978 0 7232 1708 4 Brandreth Gyles 2004 Philip and Elizabeth Portrait of a Marriage London Century ISBN 0 7126 6103 4 Davies Nicholas 2000 Elizabeth Behind Palace Doors Edinburgh Mainstream Publishing ISBN 978 1 84018 401 3 Dolby Karen 2015 The Wicked Wit of Queen Elizabeth II London Michael O Mara Books Eade Philip 2011 Prince Philip The Turbulent Early Life of the Man Who Married Queen Elizabeth II New York St Martin s Griffin ISBN 978 1 250 01363 7 Hamilton Alan 1985 The Royal Handbook London Mitchell Beazley ISBN 978 0 855 33566 3 Heald Tim 1991 The Duke A Portrait of Prince Philip London Hodder and Stoughton ISBN 0 340 54607 7 Holden Anthony 1979 Prince Charles New York City Atheneum ISBN 978 0 689 10998 0 Knight Stephen 1984 The Brotherhood The Secret World of the Freemasons Stein and Day ISBN 978 0 8128 2994 5 Lacey Robert 2002 Royal Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II London Little Brown ISBN 0 316 85940 0 Louda Jiri Maclagan Michael 1999 1981 Lines of Succession Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe 2nd ed London Little Brown ISBN 978 0 316 84820 6 Montgomery Massingberd Hugh ed 1977 Burke s Royal Families of the World 1st ed London Burke s Peerage ISBN 0 85011 023 8 Pinches John Harvey Pinches R V 1974 The Royal Heraldry of England Heraldry Today ISBN 978 0 900455 25 4 Tagholt Knud 1963 Det glucksburgske kongehus fra Christian IX til prinsesse Margrethe Den danske kongeslaegt gennem hundrede ar 1863 1963 in Danish Aros Vickers Hugo 2000 Alice Princess Andrew of Greece London Hamish Hamilton ISBN 0 241 13686 5 External linksPrince Philip Duke of Edinburghat Wikipedia s sister projects Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata The Duke of Edinburgh at the Royal Family website Obituary by BBC News The Duke of Edinburgh s Award Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh at IMDb In the Words of Prince Philip slideshow by Life Newspaper clippings about Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW Appearances on C SPAN The Genealogy of Prince Philip Duke of Edinburgh at WikiTree British royaltyPreceded by Elizabeth Bowes Lyon as queen consort Consort of the British monarch 6 February 1952 9 April 2021 VacantPeerage of the United KingdomNew creation Duke of Edinburgh 1947 2021 Succeeded by The Prince of WalesAcademic officesPreceded by The Marquess of Linlithgow Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh 1953 2010 Succeeded by The Princess RoyalNew institution Chancellor of the University of Salford 1967 1991 Succeeded by The Duchess of YorkPreceded by The Lord Adrian Chancellor of the University of Cambridge 1976 2011 Succeeded by The Lord Sainsbury of TurvilleHonorary titlesPreceded by Queen Mary Grand Master of the Order of the British Empire 24 March 1953 9 April 2021 VacantPreceded by King George VI Air Commodore in Chief of the Air Training Corps 1953 2015 Succeeded by The Duchess of Cambridge as Air CommandantNew title Colonel in Chief of The Rifles 2007 2020 Succeeded by The Duchess of CornwallMilitary officesPreceded by Queen Elizabeth II Lord High Admiral 10 June 2011 9 April 2021 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