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Myall Creek New South Wales Language Watch Edit Myall Creek is a locality split between the local government areas of Inverell Shire and the Gwydir Shire in New South Wales Australia 2 In the 2016 census Myall Creek had a population of 38 people 1 Myall Creek New South WalesMyall CreekCoordinates29 46 45 S 150 42 52 E 29 7792 S 150 7145 E 29 7792 150 7145 Coordinates 29 46 45 S 150 42 52 E 29 7792 S 150 7145 E 29 7792 150 7145Population38 2016 census 1 Postcode s 2403Location27 5 km 17 mi ENE of Bingara115 km 71 mi W of Glen Innes179 km 111 mi N of Tamworth591 km 367 mi N of SydneyLGA s Inverell ShireGwydir ShireState electorate s Northern TablelandsFederal Division s New EnglandParkesSuburbs around Myall Creek Gineroi Delungra DelungraBingara Myall Creek Gum FlatWhitlow Whitlow Copeton Contents 1 History 2 Heritage listings 3 References 3 1 Bibliography 3 2 Attribution 4 External linksHistory EditMain articles Myall Creek massacre and Myall Creek Massacre and Memorial Site By 1837 European settlers had pushed beyond the Peel and Namoi Rivers and taken up large tracts of land along the Gwydir River or the Big River as it was then known Local Gamilaroi groups resisted the alienation of their traditional lands almost immediately The dispersed nature of the settlers stations enabled the Gamilaroi to easily isolate and attack stockmen and their livestock 3 In April 1836 two stockmen working for the Hall Brothers were killed while forming a new station In September and November of the following year two hutkeepers and two shepherds from the Bowman and Cobb stations were killed 4 Crown Land Commissioner Alexander Paterson reported back to Sydney in the second half of 1837 that stockmen on the Loder station which was the westernmost station on the Namoi were so afraid of raids by the Gamilaroi that they had abandoned their livestock to roam unattended in the bush 5 6 Liverpool Plains settlers demanded military protection against Aboriginal attacks In response to their demands Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth Snodgrass Acting Governor of New South Wales sent a large Mounted Police party north to enquire into and repress the aggressions complained of The Mounted Police party led by Major Nunn and composed of around twenty troopers reached Liverpool Plains in January 1838 What occurred after they arrived remains unclear but at Waterloo Creek 50 kilometres southwest of what is now Moree the Mounted Police encountered a large party of Aboriginal people camped alongside the Creek In the ensuing melee a number of Aboriginal people were shot in what became known as the Waterloo Creek massacre The exact number of Aboriginal people killed in the melee is unknown but local squatters who visited site later reported the number killed to be sixty or seventy An eyewitness to the encounter testified that forty to fifty may have been killed Rev Threlkeld in his mission report for 1838 stated that the number may have been as high as two or three hundred 7 6 According to R H W Reece in his book Aborigines and Colonists local tradition states that Nunn s party of Mounted Police was involved in at least one more large melee with local Aboriginal people before the party left the Plains Major Nunn s Campaign as it was known in the district did not prevent further racial conflict In March of that year two men working for Surveyor Finch were killed in the neighbouring district of New England then in April a hutkeeper on the Gwydir was killed In the following months stockmen from stations along the Gwydir River organised themselves into armed groups and scoured the country side in what is described by Reece as a concerted campaign to get rid of all the Aborigines in the district According to Reece this still known in local tradition as The Bushwhack or The Drive 8 The Myall Creek Massacre took place in June of that year on Myall Creek Station near the Gwydir River 6 The twelve men responsible for the massacre included freed convicts and assigned convicts led by John Fleming the manager of the Mungie Bundie Station The original party assembled at Bengari on a station owned by Archibald Bell before they set off and were joined by the remaining members somewhere along the Gwydir River 9 After spending the day unsuccessfully pursuing Aborigines the group came to the Myall Creek Station They discovered approximately 30 Aborigines belonging to the Gamilaroi and Wirrayaraay peoples on the station rounded them up and tied them together When the station hand George Anderson asked what they intended to do with the Aborigines he was told they were taking them over the back of the range to frighten them A few minutes later the Gamilaroi and Wirrayaraay were led off and massacred Two days later the men returned to burn the bodies 10 The impact of the massacre on the Gamilaroi and Wirrayaraay peoples was devastating As one of the descendants whose great great great grandfather survived the massacre states We didn t want to talk about it because of how dreadful it was I remember when we used to drive past that place It just had a feeling about it that I can t explain 11 6 The Myall Creek massacre was marked by the unusual circumstance that one of the station hands who did not participate in the massacre George Anderson informed the station manager William Hobbs who reported the incident to the local magistrate The reports by Anderson and Hobbs were not without danger as the inquiry of magistrate Edward Day noted I took George Anderson with me believing that his life would be in danger if he remained at Myall Creek 12 6 In response to the charging of the eleven suspects settlers formed groups such as the Black Association to support the men charged with the murder Papers such as the Sydney Herald protested against the trials 13 Charging the perpetrators of the massacre also stimulated the activism of religious and humanitarian groups who called for the execution of the perpetrators 14 These views were promoted through papers such as the Sydney Monitor and the Australian 6 Upon being found not guilty seven of the men were re arrested and tried for the murder of an Aboriginal male named Charley 15 The second trial resulted in a guilty verdict and all seven men were sentenced to death Governor Gipps later wrote that none of the seven attempted to deny their crime though all stated they thought it extremely hard that white men should be put to death for killing blacks 16 On 18 December 1838 after all legal objections were exhausted and the Executive Council rejected petitions for clemency the sentences were carried out 6 Heritage listings EditMyall Creek has a number of heritage listed sites including Bingara Delungra Road Myall Creek Massacre and Memorial Site 6 References Edit a b Australian Bureau of Statistics 27 June 2017 Myall Creek 2016 Census QuickStats Retrieved 21 February 2019 Queensland Globe State of Queensland Retrieved 21 February 2019 Connor 2020 105 Reece 1974 29 Connor 2002 105 a b c d e f g h Myall Creek Massacre and Memorial Site New South Wales State Heritage Register Office of Environment and Heritage H01844 Retrieved 2 June 2018 Connor 2002 110 111 Reece 1974 33 Reece 1974 34 Elder 1988 74 75 Elder 1988 78 Australian Broadcasting Corporation 2001 Day as cited by Wannan 1962 203 Barber 1993 Rowley 1970 36 37 R v Kilmeister No 2 http www law mq edu au H R A Vol XIX 739 Bibliography Edit Historical Records of Australia Australian Story Bridge Over Myall Creek 2001 Commonwealth Department of Environment Water Heritage and the Arts 2008 Australian Heritage Database Myall Creek Massacre and Memorial Site CS1 maint multiple names authors list link Commonwealth Department of Environment Water Heritage and the Arts 2009 Myall Park Massacre and Memorial Site recognised 170 years on CS1 maint multiple names authors list link Clendinnen Inga 2003 Dancing with Strangers Connor John 2002 The Australian Frontier Wars 1788 1838 Elder Bruce 1988 Blood on the wattle massacres and maltreatments of Australian Aborigines since 1788 1st ed Child amp Associates ISBN 978 0 86777 101 5 Reece R H W 1974 Aboriginal and Colonists Aborigines and Colonial Society in New South Wales in the 1830s and 1840s Sexton Michael reviewing book Murder at Myall Creek The Trial that defined a Nation by Mark Tedeschi 2017 Book Review The courageous barrister who pursued a landmark verdict CS1 maint multiple names authors list link Warialda Standard 2016 Myall Creek Memorial a time to remember Attribution Edit This Wikipedia article was originally based on Myall Creek Massacre and Memorial Site entry number 01844 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC BY 4 0 licence accessed on 2 June 2018 and Myall Creek Massacre and Memorial Site Bingara Delungra Rd Myall Creek via Bingara NSW Australia published by the Government of Australia and the Department of Environment and Energy under CC BY 3 0 license accessed on 16 July 2018 External links Edit Media related to Myall Creek New South Wales at Wikimedia CommonsRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Myall Creek New South Wales amp oldid 1019695023, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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