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Kidnapping of Jaycee Dugard Language Watch Edit Jaycee Dugard was kidnapped on June 10 1991 in Meyers California United States Dugard was 11 years old when she was abducted from a street while walking to a school bus stop Searches began immediately after Dugard s disappearance but no reliable leads were generated even though several people witnessed the kidnapping Dugard remained missing until 2009 when a convicted sex offender Phillip Garrido visited the campus of the University of California Berkeley accompanied by two adolescent girls now known to be the biological daughters of Garrido and Dugard on August 24 and 25 that year The unusual behavior of the trio sparked an investigation that led Garrido s parole officer to order him to take the two girls to a parole office in Concord California on August 26 He was accompanied by a woman who was finally identified as Dugard herself Kidnapping of Jaycee DugardChildhood photo of DugardLocationKidnapping Meyers California U S Confinement 1554 Walnut Avenue Antioch California Reappearance University of California BerkeleyDateJune 10 1991 1991 06 10 August 26 2009 2009 08 26 Attack typeKidnappingFalse ImprisonmentRapeVictimJaycee Lee DugardPerpetratorsPhillip Garrido and Nancy Garrido nee Bocanegra Phillip and his wife Nancy Garrido were arrested by police after Dugard s reappearance On April 28 2011 they pleaded guilty to kidnapping and assaulting Dugard Law enforcement officers believe Dugard was later kept in concealed tents sheds and lean tos in an area behind the Garridos house at 1554 Walnut Avenue in Antioch California for 18 years During her confinement Dugard gave birth to two daughters who were 11 and 15 at the time of her reappearance On June 2 2011 Garrido was sentenced to 431 years to life imprisonment his wife Nancy also received 36 years to life Garrido is a person of interest in at least one other San Francisco Bay Area missing person case Dugard sued the state of California on account of the numerous lapses by law enforcement that contributed to Dugard s continued captivity and sexual assault In 2010 the State of California awarded the Dugard family US 20 million Dugard also sued the federal government on similar grounds pertaining to Garrido s time as a federal parolee but this suit was dismissed because Garrido was not under the supervision of the federal parole system when he victimized her In 2011 Dugard wrote an autobiography titled A Stolen Life Her second book Freedom My Book of Firsts was published in 2016 Contents 1 Background of kidnappers 2 Background of Dugard family 3 Abduction 4 Search effort 5 Captivity 5 1 Pregnancy and children 5 2 Missed rescue opportunities 6 Reappearance 7 Aftermath 7 1 Reunion and afterward 7 2 Police investigations 7 3 Garrido s statements 7 4 Legal proceedings 7 5 Settlement with the State of California 7 6 Lawsuit against the United States 8 In media 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksBackground of kidnappersPhillip Greg Garrido Mug shotBorn 1951 04 05 April 5 1951 age 70 Pittsburg CaliforniaOccupationPrinter Self styled evangelistCriminal statusIncarceratedCriminal chargeKidnapping rape false imprisonment 1 2 PenaltyServing 431 years to lifeImprisoned atCalifornia State Prison Corcoran 3 Nancy Garrido Mug shotBornNancy Bocanegra 4 1955 07 18 July 18 1955 age 65 Seguin TexasOccupationNursing aide Physical therapy aide 5 Criminal statusIncarceratedCriminal chargeKidnapping rape false imprisonment 1 2 PenaltyServing 36 years to lifeImprisoned atCentral California Women s Facility 6 The primary offender in the case Phillip Greg Garrido was born in Pittsburg California on April 5 1951 7 He grew up in Brentwood where he graduated from Liberty High School in 1969 In 1972 Garrido was arrested and charged with sexually assaulting a 14 year old girl but the case did not go to trial after the girl declined to testify 8 9 In 1973 Garrido married high school classmate Christine Murphy who said he was abusive Murphy alleged that Garrido kidnapped her when she tried to leave him 10 In 1976 Garrido kidnapped 25 year old Katherine Callaway in South Lake Tahoe California He took her to a Reno Nevada warehouse where he raped her for five and a half hours When a police officer noticed a car parked outside the unit and then the broken lock on the warehouse door he knocked on the door and was greeted by Garrido Callaway then emerged and asked for help Garrido was promptly arrested 11 He was charged and convicted of crimes in both federal and state courts 11 12 In a 1976 court ordered psychiatric evaluation Garrido was diagnosed as a sexual deviant and chronic drug abuser 13 The psychiatrist recommended that a neurological examination be conducted because Garrido s chronic drug use could be responsible in part for his mixed or multiple sexual deviation He was then evaluated by a neurologist The diagnostic impression was normal neurological examination 14 In court Garrido testified that he masturbated in his car by the side of elementary and high schools while watching girls He was convicted on March 9 1977 and began serving a 50 year federal sentence on June 30 1977 at Leavenworth Penitentiary in Kansas 12 15 At Leavenworth Garrido met Nancy Bocanegra the secondary offender in Dugard s kidnapping who was visiting another prisoner her uncle at the time On October 5 1981 he and Bocanegra were married at Leavenworth On January 22 1988 Garrido was released from Leavenworth to Nevada State Prison where he served seven months of a five years to life Nevada sentence He was transferred to federal parole authorities in Contra Costa on August 26 1988 12 In Antioch the Garridos lived in the home of his elderly mother who suffered from dementia As a parolee he was monitored later wore a GPS enabled ankle bracelet and was visited many times by parole officers local sheriff s deputies and federal agents 16 In 2009 his father Manuel Garrido said his son was a good boy as a child but changed radically after a serious motorcycle accident as a teenager Garrido later turned to drug use primarily crystal meth and LSD 17 Manuel Garrido died in 2011 at the age of 89 18 Background of Dugard familyIn September 1990 Dugard and her family moved from the Los Angeles County city of Arcadia to Meyers 19 a rural town south of South Lake Tahoe California because they thought it was a safer community At the time of the abduction Dugard was in the fifth grade and because of her shyness was worrying about an upcoming field trip She was close to her mother Terry Probyn and her infant half sister Shayna who was born in 1990 Her biological father Ken Slayton did not know he had fathered a child Although her mother married a man named Carl Probyn Dugard was never close to her stepfather AbductionOn June 10 1991 Dugard s mother who worked as a typesetter at a print house left for work early in the day Eleven year old 20 Dugard wearing her favorite all pink outfit walked up the hill from her house against traffic to catch the school bus When she was halfway up the hill a gray car approached her She thought that the man driving the car would ask for directions When the man Phillip Greg Garrido rolled down the window he shocked her unconscious with a stun gun and abducted her Garrido s wife Nancy held Dugard down in the car as she drifted in and out of consciousness during the three hour drive to the Garrido home in Antioch 120 miles away The only time Dugard spoke was when she pleaded that her parents could not afford a ransom The district attorney in the Dugard case believed that Nancy had scouted Dugard as a prize for Garrido 21 22 Carl Probyn witnessed the abduction of his stepdaughter from within sight of their home He saw two people in a mid sized gray car possibly a Mercury Monarch 23 make a U turn at the school bus stop where Dugard was waiting and a woman forcing Dugard into the car He gave chase on a bicycle and was unable to overtake the vehicle Some of Dugard s classmates were also witnesses to the abduction Initial suspects included Probyn and Ken Slayton Dugard s biological father though they did not know each other and Slayton had only had a brief relationship with Terry in 1979 not knowing he had a child Probyn took and passed several polygraph tests and Slayton was also quickly cleared of suspicion 24 By the time the Garridos arrived at their home in an unincorporated area in Contra Costa County 25 they had removed Dugard s clothing leaving only a butterfly shaped ring that she hid from them for the next 18 years Taking her from their car onto their property Garrido placed a blanket over Dugard s head and ushered her into an area of his backyard where sheds and storage units stood placing her inside a tiny one that was soundproofed After he finished raping her for the first time 26 he left her naked in the structure which he bolted shut warning her that Doberman Pinschers were outside and trained to attack her if she tried to escape Garrido would visit her in the structure bringing her food and milkshakes and talking to her 21 Search effortWithin hours of Dugard s disappearance local and national media converged on South Lake Tahoe to cover the story Within days dozens of local volunteers assisted in the search effort which involved nearly every resource within the community Within weeks tens of thousands of fliers and posters were mailed to businesses throughout the United States Since her favorite color was pink the town was blanketed in pink ribbons as a constant reminder of her disappearance and as a demonstration of support for her family by the community 21 27 28 Terry Probyn founded a group called Jaycee s Hope which directed the volunteer and fundraising efforts Cassette tapes of the song Jaycee Lee along with T shirts sweatshirts and buttons were sold to raise money for poster materials postage printing and related expenses Child Quest International and the National Center for Missing amp Exploited Children were involved in the effort A reward was offered which was noted on the posters and fliers The kidnapping case attracted nationwide attention and was featured on the June 14 1991 episode of the television show America s Most Wanted 29 The ensuing months and years were a continuous effort of child safety awareness fundraising events and candlelight vigils marking Dugard s disappearance keeping her story before the public 30 CaptivityJaycee DugardBornJaycee Lee Dugard 1980 05 03 May 3 1980 age 41 Arcadia CaliforniaNationalityAmericanChildren2 Immediately after he kidnapped her Garrido forced Dugard into a shower with him which was the first time she had ever been exposed to an unclothed man A week after Garrido kidnapped Dugard he raped her for the first time while she was still in handcuffs which she wore during her first week in captivity citation needed During that period Dugard s only human contact was Garrido who sometimes brought her fast food and talked to her He provided a bucket for her to use to relieve herself At one point he provided her with a television but she could not watch the news and was unaware of the publicized search for her Almost a month and a half after her kidnapping by Dugard s recollection Garrido moved her to a larger room next door where she was handcuffed to a bed He explained that the demon angels let him take her and that she would help him with his sexual problems because society had ignored him He went on methamphetamine binges he called runs during which he would make Dugard put on make up and dress her up and spend time with her while cutting out figures from pornographic magazines He made her listen for the voices he said he could hear from the walls Garrido also often professed the belief that he was a chosen servant of God These binges would end with him sobbing and apologizing to Dugard alternating with threats to sell her to people who would put her in a cage 21 Seven months into her captivity Garrido introduced Dugard to his wife Nancy who brought the child a stuffed animal and chocolate milk and engaged in the same tearful apologies to her Though Dugard craved the woman s approval at the time in a 2011 ABC News interview she stated that Nancy was just as manipulative as Garrido Dugard related that Nancy alternated between motherly concern and coldness and cruelty expressing her jealousy of Dugard whom she regarded as the one to blame for her predicament Dugard characterized Nancy who worked as a nursing home aide as evil and twisted When Garrido was returned to prison for failing a drug test Nancy replaced her husband as Dugard s jailer The Garridos manipulated Dugard further by presenting her on two occasions with kittens that would later mysteriously vanish When Garrido discovered that she was signing her real name in a journal that she kept about the kittens she was forced to tear out the page with her name on it the last time she would be permitted to say or write her name until her captivity ended 18 years later 21 She was never allowed to see a doctor or dentist 31 Pregnancy and children Almost three years into her captivity the Garridos began to allow Dugard freedom from her handcuffs for periods of time though they kept her locked in the bolted room On April 3 1994 Easter Sunday they gave her cooked food for the first time They informed her that they believed that she was pregnant Dugard 13 years old and four and a half months pregnant had learned of the link between sex and pregnancy from television While Dugard was pregnant with her first daughter Terry Probyn was holding rummage sales to pay for private investigators and distributing a million flyers across the United States featuring a sketch artist s image of a teenaged Dugard 32 Dugard watched programs on childbirth in preparation for the birth of her first daughter which occurred when Dugard was 14 on August 18 1994 Her second daughter was born when Dugard was 17 on November 13 1997 Dugard took care of her daughters using information learned from television working to protect them from Garrido who continued his enraged rants and lectures 21 33 34 35 Neighbor Patrick McQuaid said that he recalls as a child meeting Dugard through a fence in the Garridos yard soon after the kidnapping He said that she had identified herself by the name Jaycee and that when asked if she lived there or was just visiting she answered that she lived there At that point Garrido came out and took her back indoors He eventually built an eight foot tall fence around the backyard and set up a tent for Dugard the first time that she was allowed to walk outside since her kidnapping 36 She coped with her continued captivity by planting flowers in a garden and homeschooling her daughters At one point Garrido informed Dugard that to pacify his wife Dugard and her daughters were to address Nancy as their mother and that she was to teach her daughters that she Dugard was their older sister When Dugard and her daughters were eventually allowed to come into contact with other people this fiction was continued 21 37 Garrido operated a print shop where Dugard acted as the graphic artist Ben Daughdrill a customer of Garrido s printing business claimed that he met and spoke by telephone with Dugard and that she did excellent work During this time Dugard had access to the business phone and an email account Another customer indicated that she never hinted to him about her childhood abduction or her true identity 38 Garrido kept a blog associated with what he called God s Desire Church In the blog he claimed that he had the power to control sound with his mind Garrido asked several people including customers to sign testimonials confirming that they witnessed his ability to control sound with my mind and a device he developed for others to witness this phenomena sic 39 40 Law enforcement officers believe that in 2009 Dugard s living quarters were in a secondary backyard behind Garrido s house The private area of the yard included sheds one of which was soundproofed and used as a recording studio in which Garrido recorded himself singing religious themed and romantic country songs 21 two homemade tents and what has been described as a camping style shower and toilet The area was surrounded by tall trees and a 6 foot 1 8 meter high fence An entrance to the secondary backyard was covered by trees and a tarpaulin Privacy was enhanced by tents and outbuildings the enclosure also housed a car that matched the description of the one used in the abduction Electricity was supplied by extension cords 41 Law enforcement officers visited the residence at least twice but did not ask to inspect the back yard 42 and did not detect the presence of Dugard or her children in the areas of the property that they did inspect 43 Witnesses interviewed stated Dugard was seen in the house and sometimes answered the front door to talk to people but never stated there was a problem or attempted to leave 44 While the family kept to themselves the girls were sometimes seen playing in the backyard or as passengers in Garrido s car 45 Missed rescue opportunities Police failed to make the connection that Jaycee Lee Dugard was kidnapped south of South Lake Tahoe the same location as Garrido s 1976 kidnapping and rape of Katherine Callaway Hall 46 On April 22 1992 less than a year after her kidnapping a man called the Contra Costa County Sheriff s Department from a gas station less than two miles from the Garridos home The caller reported that he saw Dugard in the gas station staring intently at a missing child poster of herself The caller then reported seeing her leave in a large yellow van possibly a Dodge In 2009 after Dugard s release an old yellow Dodge van was recovered from the Garrido property that matched the description of the van given in the call The license plate was not reported in the 1992 call the caller the girl and the van were gone by the time police arrived The caller never identified himself and the police did not pursue the matter 47 Contradicting this story however Dugard reported that she never left the Garrido property from the day she was kidnapped until shortly before her first child was born in August 1994 48 In June 2002 the fire department responded to a report of a juvenile with a shoulder injury that occurred in a swimming pool at the Garridos home This information was not relayed to the parole office which had no record of either a juvenile or a swimming pool at the Garridos address 49 In 2006 one of Garrido s neighbors called 9 1 1 to inform them that there were tents in the backyard with children living there and that Garrido was psychotic with sexual addictions A deputy sheriff spoke with Garrido at the front of the house for about 30 minutes and left after telling Garrido that there would be a code violation if people were living outside on the property After Dugard was found in August 2009 the local Contra Costa County Sheriff Warren E Rupf issued an apology to the victims in a news conference 42 50 On November 4 2009 the California Office of the Inspector General issued a report that enumerated lapses by the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation that had contributed to Dugard s continued captivity The central finding was that Garrido was incorrectly classified as needing only low level supervision all other lapses derived from that mistake In his report the inspector general detailed an instance in which a parole agent encountered a 12 year old girl at the home but accepted Garrido s explanation that she was his brother s daughter and the agent did nothing to verify it despite the fact that a call to Garrido s brother verified that he did not have children 51 52 ReappearanceOn August 24 2009 Garrido visited the San Francisco office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and left a four page essay containing his ideas about religion and sexuality suggesting that he had discovered a solution to problem behaviors like his past crimes The essay described how he had cured his criminal sexual behaviors and how that information could be used to assist in curing other sexual predators by controlling human impulses that drive humans to commit dysfunctional acts 53 On the same day he went to a University of California police office with Dugard s two daughters seeking permission to hold a special event on campus as a part of his God s Desire program He spoke with special events manager Lisa Campbell she perceived his behavior as erratic and felt that the girls were sullen and submissive She asked Garrido to make an appointment for the next day which he did leaving his name in the process Officer Ally Jacobs ran a background check and discovered that Garrido was a registered sex offender on federal parole for kidnapping and rape Garrido and the girls returned for their appointment at 2 p m the following day and Jacobs attended the meeting The girls appeared to Jacobs to be pale as if they had not been exposed to sunlight and she felt that their behavior was unusual Garrido s several parole violations were a basis for an arrest so Jacobs phoned the parole office to relay her concerns leaving a report on voicemail 51 52 54 After hearing Jacobs recorded message two parole agents drove to the Garridos house later that day Upon arrival they handcuffed him and searched the house finding only his wife Nancy and his elderly mother at home Then the parole agents drove him back to the parole office En route Garrido said that the girls who had accompanied him to UC Berkeley were the daughters of a relative and that he had had permission from their parents to take them to the university Although a month before the parole office had barred Garrido from associating with minors and although Berkeley was 40 miles 64 km from the Garridos Contra Costa residence 15 miles 24 km in excess of the 25 mile 40 km limit he was allowed to travel from his home without his parole agent s permission nothing was done about these violations After reviewing his file with a supervisor they drove Garrido home and ordered him to report to the office again the next day to discuss his visit to UC Berkeley and to follow up on the office s concerns about the two girls 51 52 Garrido arrived at the parole office in Concord California on August 26 with his wife Nancy the two girls and Dugard who was introduced as Allissa 55 56 The parole officer decided to separate Garrido from the women and girls to obtain their identification 57 Maintaining her false identity as Allissa Dugard told investigators that the girls were her daughters Although she indicated that she was aware that Garrido was a convicted sex offender she stated that he was a changed man a great person and was good with her kids 57 58 comments that were echoed by the two girls When pressed for details that would confirm her identity Dugard became extremely defensive and agitated demanding to know why she was being interrogated and subsequently stated that she was a battered wife from Minnesota in hiding from her abusive husband The parole officer eventually called the Concord police Upon the arrival of a police sergeant Garrido admitted he had kidnapped and raped her Only after this did Dugard identify herself as Jaycee Dugard It was later suggested that Dugard showed signs of Stockholm syndrome 57 58 In a 2016 ABC News interview with Diane Sawyer Dugard stated that her compassion and willingness to interact with her captor were her only means of surviving saying The phrase Stockholm Syndrome implies that hostages cracked by terror and abuse become affectionate towards their captors Well it s really it s degrading you know having my family believe that I was in love with this captor and wanted to stay with him I mean that is so far from the truth that it makes me want to throw up I adapted to survive my circumstance Repeatedly during this segment of the interview she stated that as a way to survive and hoping to end abuse many victims are forced to sympathize with their captors 59 Garrido and his wife were placed under arrest An FBI agent put Dugard on the telephone with her mother Terry Probyn Dugard retained custody of her children and was soon reunited with her mother 60 AftermathReunion and afterward Further information A Stolen Life memoir Dugard s aunt Tina Dugard and a former business associate of the Garridos Cheyvonne Molino have commented that Dugard s children looked healthy Tina Dugard said that upon her meeting them after their escape they always appeared and behaved like normal kids Molino said of the times that she met them while they were captive that in her presence the girls never acted robotically and didn t wear unusual clothing 61 62 In the days following Dugard s return Carl Probyn her stepfather confirmed that Dugard and her daughters were in good health and intelligent their reunion was going well and they were proceeding slowly He said his stepdaughter had developed a significant emotional bond with Garrido and the two daughters cried when they learned of their father s arrest Dugard s aunt Tina Dugard said Dugard s daughters are clever articulate curious girls 63 64 65 Ernie Allen president of the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children said Dugard s reappearance is an important event for families of other long term missing children because it shows that hope remains even in long term cases 66 Notable abduction survivor Elizabeth Smart has stressed the importance of focusing on the future with a positive attitude as an effective approach to accepting what has happened 67 68 69 Shawn Hornbeck another abduction survivor also commented on the case noting Coming out of what she s had to endure is like entering a new world It s like a door has opened for her and she s emerged from a world that s black and white into one that s full of color He opined that she was brainwashed would feel angry and now needs to move on with her life 70 Three weeks after her release Dugard asked for the pets that were raised in the home 71 On October 14 2009 People magazine published the first verified photo of Jaycee Dugard as an adult on its cover 72 Dugard s memoir A Stolen Life A Memoir was published on July 12 2011 by Simon amp Schuster 73 74 Dugard began animal therapy by riding or petting horses with her mother Terry and her sister Shayna 31 Police investigations Following the arrest police searched the Garrido house extensively for evidence of other crimes Because Garrido had access to his neighbor s house it was also searched for evidence 75 76 Police also searched the homes and business of one of Garrido s printing business clients 77 Police agencies from Hayward and Dublin California conducted searches of the Garridos property for evidence pertaining to missing girls from those communities but turned up no clues 78 In July 2011 Hayward police announced that Garrido has not been eliminated as a suspect and is still a person of interest in the abduction case of Michaela Garecht Garecht was kidnapped in 1988 and Hayward is 55 miles 89 kilometers from the Garridos Antioch home 79 Garrido s statements On August 27 2009 KCRA TV in Sacramento California interviewed Garrido in his jail cell by telephone During the interview Garrido said In the end this is going to be a powerful heartwarming story 80 because in his version of events My life has been straightened out Wait till you hear the story of what took place at this house You re going to be absolutely impressed It s a disgusting thing that took place with me at the beginning but I turned my life completely around 80 Investigators at the Garridos Contra Costa home Garrido repeatedly told the reporter how he filed documents with the FBI on August 24 2009 which when they were published would cause people to fall over backwards and that he could not reveal more because he had to protect law enforcement and what happened was something that humans have not understood well In the interview Garrido denied he had ever harmed Dugard s two daughters He said their births changed his life and saying they slept in my arms every single night since birth I never touched them On August 28 2009 FBI spokesman Joseph Schadler confirmed that Garrido had indeed left the documents with the agency as he had claimed but declined to discuss further details 80 The document titled Origin of Schizophrenia Revealed was eventually released by the FBI It is about stopping schizophrenics from turning violent and controlling sounds with the human mind 81 Legal proceedings On August 28 2009 Garrido and his wife pleaded not guilty to charges including kidnapping rape and false imprisonment The case was prosecuted in El Dorado County by elected District Attorney Vern R Pierson and Assistant District Attorney James A Clinchard A bail review pre preliminary hearing was held September 14 2009 at the El Dorado County Superior Court in Placerville California 82 1 At the hearing Superior Court Judge Douglas Phimister set bail for Garrido s wife Nancy at US 30 million However there was a no bail parole hold on Garrido The judge initially kept Nancy in custody on a no bail hold but she was granted bail at a later date 83 84 At the September 14 hearing Phimister also granted a request from Garrido s attorney to have a psychologist or psychiatrist appointed to conduct a confidential evaluation Such examinations can be used by the defense to assist in case preparation and additional mental health examinations can be ordered at subsequent phases in the proceedings 85 On October 29 2009 a short hearing was held to set a date for the next pre preliminary hearing when issues such as discovery were to be discussed This hearing occurred on December 11 2009 Katie Callaway Hall whom Garrido kidnapped and raped in 1976 appeared in the courtroom at the October and December hearings She did not speak during either proceeding 86 19 On November 5 2009 Phimister ordered Nancy s defense attorney Gilbert Maines to be removed from the case According to a posting on the court s website 87 the decision occurred in review of confidential evidence that has not been disclosed to the public and details of the proceedings were kept sealed The decision was immediately stayed until November 30 2009 88 On November 12 2009 Phimister appointed Stephen A Tapson as interim counsel for Nancy 89 Gilbert Maines appealed the decision and received a favorable ruling by the California Third District Court of Appeal on December 15 2009 On December 22 2009 the same court gave the El Dorado Superior Court until January 2010 to respond to the ruling 90 Both Gilbert Maines and Stephen Tapson appeared at the discovery hearing on December 11 2009 19 A hearing was held on January 21 2010 At that hearing Maines was removed from the case and Tapson was appointed defense counsel for Nancy In addition bail in the amount of US 20 million was set for Nancy 91 At a press conference on February 28 2011 Tapson said that Nancy and Phillip Garrido had both made a full confession in the case The development came as lawyers for both sides reopened discussions on a possible plea deal that had the potential to obviate the need for a trial Nancy s attorney acknowledged that she was facing 241 years eight months to life and that he was working for a reduced sentence in the 30 year range He stated that the prosecutor had acknowledged that Phillip was a master manipulator and that Nancy was under both his influence and that of substances during the period of Dugard s kidnapping so should receive some consideration while alluding to parallels with kidnap victim Patty Hearst and to Stockholm syndrome 92 On April 7 2011 instead of pleading guilty as had been expected based on the previous statements the Garridos pleaded not guilty to charges of kidnapping and raping Dugard as well as other charges in an amended grand jury indictment Phillip s attorney public defender Susan Gellman alleged that the grand jury might have been selected improperly and might have acted improperly Gellman did not elaborate on her claim in the courtroom but said outside that she had questions about the racial and geographic makeup of the grand jury that originally indicted the Garridos in September 2010 Judge Phimister noted that there were issues about the process itself before the grand jury and also stated that the court would consider whether the grand jury acted appropriately These developments were largely unforeseen by attorney Stephen Tapson who represented Nancy Tapson had said earlier that week that Phillip had made a deal with prosecutors to plead guilty and spend the rest of his life in prison Gellman was upset with Tapson for telling reporters that her client had planned to plead guilty saying that he should only speak about his own client Nancy Tapson said he found out about Gellman s plans only late on April 6 Neither attorney would elaborate further on the specific concerns about the grand jury El Dorado California District Attorney Vern Pierson said he did not think the complaints about the grand jury would ultimately derail the case against the Garridos 93 On April 28 2011 the Garridos pleaded guilty to kidnapping and rape by force 94 On June 2 2011 Phillip was sentenced to 431 years to life imprisonment Nancy received 36 years to life imprisonment and both will be eligible for parole in August 2034 95 96 97 Phillip was imprisoned in California State Prison Corcoran 3 while Nancy was incarcerated at Central California Women s Facility in Chowchilla 6 Dugard did not attend the sentencing instead sending a written message with her mother to read aloud in court 98 Settlement with the State of California In July 2010 the State of California approved a USD 20 million settlement with Dugard to compensate her for various lapses by the Corrections Department that contributed to Dugard s continued captivity ongoing sexual assault and mental and or physical abuse The settlement part of AB1714 was approved by the California State Assembly by a 70 to 2 vote and by the California State Senate by a 30 to 1 vote San Francisco County Superior Court Judge Daniel Weinstein who mediated the settlement stated that the settlement was reached to avoid a lawsuit which would be a greater invasion of privacy and greater publicity for the state 99 The bill was signed by California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger on July 9 100 101 Lawsuit against the United States On September 22 2011 Dugard filed a lawsuit in United States District Court for the Northern District of California accusing the United States of failing to monitor Phillip when he was a federal parolee 102 Dugard alleged in her lawsuit against the federal government that parole officials should have returned Garrido to prison for any number of parole violations that preceded her abduction including testing positive for drugs and alcohol Her lawsuit was rejected by the U S Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit on March 15 2016 The court ruled in a 2 1 decision that Dugard had not been victimized by Garrido at the time he was placed under federal parole supervision and there was no way to anticipate she would become his victim As a result federal authorities in California had no duty to protect her or other members of the general public from him In a dissenting opinion Chief District Court Judge William Smith said the majority had improperly analyzed Dugard s case and said there was good reason to hold the government liable 103 On August 26 2016 the U S Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit dismissed Dugard s civil claims under the Federal Tort Claims Act FTCA In a 2 1 decision authored by Judge John B Owens the court ruled that the federal government s sovereign immunity was not waived because the U S is only liable in the same manner and to the same extent as a private individual under like circumstances under state law In this case because the U S would not be liable under California law Dugard could not prevail on her FTCA claim Chief District Court Judge William Smith again dissented stating that he believed that the majority misinterpreted California law as the cases cited by the majority only involved FTCA liability in rehabilitation centers 104 In mediaJaycee Dugard documented her life in captivity in a book A Stolen Life A Memoir which she wrote as part of her therapy with Rebecca Bailey who specializes in post trauma family reunification Dugard says she wrote the book which was published in July 2011 to assist other survivors of sexual abuse 21 A few days before the book was released Dugard gave her first extensive television interview taped in Ojai California to ABC s Diane Sawyer 73 105 An American crime show on the Investigation Discovery network titled Wicked Attraction aired an episode about Phillip and Nancy Garrido which detailed Dugard s kidnapping and recovery 106 A documentary that aired in October 2009 on Channel 4 in Britain titled Captive for 18 Years Jaycee Lee focused on the story of Dugard s kidnapping recovery and the beginnings of the trial including interviews with Jaycee s stepfather 107 Dugard was awarded a Lifetime Leadership honor at the third annual The DVF Awards on March 9 2012 for her courage and her JAYC Foundation which provides support to families dealing with abduction and other losses 108 109 Dugard s second book Freedom My Book of Firsts was released on July 12 2016 by Simon amp Schuster 73 The book focuses on her life since the publication of A Stolen Life and her recovery and reintegration into the world She was again interviewed by Diane Sawyer a few days before publication 109 The case was covered by Casefile True Crime Podcast on September 17 2016 110 See alsoList of child abuse cases featuring long term detention List of solved missing persons casesReferences a b c The People of the State of California vs Phillip Greg Garrido Nancy Garrido PDF The Sacramento Bee Superior Court of the State of California in and for the County of El Dorado August 29 2009 Retrieved June 9 2016 a b Gabrielle Saveri April 28 2011 Jaycee Dugard s Kidnappers Plead Guilty In California Reuters Archived from the original on September 24 2015 Retrieved June 9 2016 a b Garrido To Be Held In Same Prison Unit As Manson KPIX TV June 16 2011 Archived from the original on July 19 2011 Retrieved October 16 2020 Philip Sherwell September 12 2009 Jaycee Lee Dugard abductor Phillip Garrido wanted cute blonde girl The Daily Telegraph Archived from the original on July 29 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Philip Sherwell September 6 2009 Jaycee Lee Dugard Creepy Phil Garrido s tips on how to keep your children safe The Daily Telegraph Archived from the original on June 28 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 a b Phillip Nancy Garrido start prison sentences for Dugard kidnap KABC TV June 17 2011 Archived from the original on September 2 2011 Retrieved June 14 2015 Steve Huff August 27 2009 Meet Phillip Craig Garrido True Crime Report Archived from the original on May 31 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Suspect Faced 72 Rape Case The New York Times September 3 2009 Archived from the original on November 8 2017 Retrieved June 9 2016 California Registered Sex Offender Profile Display Phillip Craig Garrido California Department of Justice Megan s Law Retrieved June 9 2016 permanent dead link Saltzman Sammy Phillip Garrido Tried to Gouge My Eyes Out Says First Wife www cbsnews com Retrieved August 6 2020 a b Sam Stanton Kim Minugh Ryan Lillis September 2 2009 Rape victim describes Garrido s attack The Seattle Times Archived from the original on October 30 2013 Retrieved November 2 2013 a b c Nevada DPS Information on Phillip Garrido KTVN April 1 2010 Archived from the original on March 3 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Report of Lynn B Gerow Jr M D PDF Los Angeles Times December 20 1976 Archived from the original PDF on April 6 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Report of Albert F Peterman M D PDF Los Angeles Times January 6 1977 Archived PDF from the original on October 30 2013 Retrieved June 9 2016 Nancy Dillon Corky Siemaszko September 2 2009 Phillip Garrido charged with kidnapping Jaycee Lee Dugard told court he stalked girls at schools Daily News New York City Archived from the original on April 18 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Mike Harvey August 31 2009 Jaycee police question kidnapper over prostitute murders Consort News Archived from the original on October 29 2013 Retrieved November 2 2013 Hilary Costa August 28 2009 Father Man accused of abducting Jaycee Lee Dugard changed after accident drug use San Jose Mercury News Archived from the original on March 10 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Manuel Garrido Obituary Brentwood California Tributes com tributes com Archived from the original on September 19 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 a b c Garridos Have Brief Court Appearance KCRA TV December 11 2009 Archived from the original on April 3 2012 Retrieved June 14 2016 Alan B Goldberg Sarah Netter March 5 2010 Jaycee Dugard It s Been a Long Haul ABC News Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 a b c d e f g h i Hopper Jessica July 7 2011 Jaycee Dugard Interview She Describes Giving Birth in Phillip Garrido s Backyard Prison ABC News Archived from the original on June 10 2016 Retrieved October 17 2020 Jaycee Dugard July 12 2011 A Stolen Life Simon amp Schuster pp 7 11 ISBN 978 1 4516 2918 7 Jack Bremer August 28 2009 Jaycee Dugard and the parallels with Fritzl and McCann The Week Archived from the original on June 7 2013 Retrieved July 7 2016 Manikandan Raman June 3 2011 Jaycee Dugard Case Justice After 20 Years International Business Times Archived from the original on August 3 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Maria L La Ganga Maura Dolan Molly Hennessy Fiske August 31 2009 Sex offenders move to Antioch area because they can Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on June 9 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Maria L La Ganga June 2 2011 Jaycee Dugard s grand jury testimony provides personal account of kidnapping rape and captors Los Angeles Times Placerville California Archived from the original on June 7 2011 Retrieved June 13 2016 Sandra Chereb August 31 2009 South Lake Tahoe Celebrates Reappearance of Kidnapping Victim Jaycee Lee Dugard The Washington Post Associated Press Archived from the original on March 8 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Echo Staff May 4 2011 Kidnapping Victim Jaycee Dugard Held Captive for 18 Years The Echo Urbana Illinois Archived from the original on March 23 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 James M Gomez June 14 1991 Abducted Child s Family Fled Sought Haven Kidnapping Family moved from Garden Grove to escape urban ills Her case will be televised Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on March 24 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Police California Girl Kidnapped 18 Years Ago Kept as Sex Slave in Couple s Backyard FOX News August 27 2009 Archived from the original on June 25 2013 Retrieved June 9 2016 The Problem of Sex Offenders The New York Times September 11 2009 Archived from the original on November 12 2015 Retrieved June 9 2016 Matthew Moore August 27 2009 Jaycee Lee Dugard walks into police station 18 years after disappearance The Telegraph London Archived from the original on July 12 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Dugard s Biological Dad Rips Garridos KCRA TV September 8 2009 Archived from the original on April 3 2012 Retrieved June 9 2016 a b Alan B Goldberg Sarah Netter March 5 2010 Jaycee Dugard It s Been a Long Haul ABC News Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Alan B Goldberg Sarah Netter March 5 2010 Jaycee Dugard It s Been a Long Haul ABC News Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Judge Issues Birth Certificates For Dugard s Kids KCRA TV January 26 2010 Archived from the original on February 22 2012 Retrieved June 11 2016 Jennifer Donelan July 8 2011 Jaycee Dugard recounts horror of 18 years in captivity ABC News WJLA TV Archived from the original on October 30 2013 Stephanie Samuel September 24 2011 Jaycee Dugard Files Suit Says Gov t Failed to Monitor Garrido The Christian Post Archived from the original on July 22 2012 Retrieved June 11 2016 Neighbor talked to Jaycee Dugard through fence Salon Retrieved May 16 2012 dead link Nick Allen September 2 2009 Jaycee Lee Dugard daughters thought she was their sister The Daily Telegraph London Archived from the original on January 29 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Jessie McKinley August 28 2009 Kidnapping Victim Was Not Always Locked Away The New York Times Archived from the original on November 13 2013 Retrieved June 11 2016 Mallory Simon August 29 2009 Alleged kidnapper couple met while man was in prison CNN Archived from the original on March 7 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 John Simerman Leah Creighton August 30 2009 Sex captor Phillip Garrido s backyard cell for Jaycee Dugard The Telegraph Archived from the original on July 26 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Mallory Simon August 27 2009 Girl grew up locked away in backyard sheds CNN Archived from the original on November 21 2010 Retrieved June 11 2016 a b Sarah Netter Sabina Ghebremedhin August 28 2009 Cops Apologize for Muffing Chance to Rescue Jaycee Dugard in 2006 ABC News Archived from the original on April 13 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Larry J Siegel Brandon C Walsh 2010 Juvenile Delinquency The Core Wadsworth Publishing p 50 ISBN 978 1 285 06760 5 Daniel Schwartz May 15 2012 Profiling abductors Q amp A with Brad Garrett CBC News Archived from the original on September 6 2013 Retrieved June 11 2016 Voyles Sue August 29 2009 Jaycee Lee Dugard case Neighbors thought Phillip Garrido was weird but took comfort in visits by parole officer Reno Gazette Journal Archived from the original on August 1 2020 Retrieved August 1 2020 MCT September 2 2009 Don t worry I ve got it all planned Garrido told victim The Sydney Morning Herald Archived from the original on September 11 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Demian Bulwa October 6 2009 91 Tipster Told Of Girl Like Dugard In Oakley The Jaycee Dugard Case Garridos Lived Less Than 2 Miles From Call s Source San Francisco Chronicle Archived from the original on January 6 2010 Retrieved June 14 2016 Jaycee Dugard July 12 2011 A Stolen Life pp 101 106 ISBN 978 1 4516 2918 7 Robert Scott 2011 Shattered Innocence Pinnacle p 316 ISBN 978 0 7860 2411 7 Guy Adams August 28 2009 Missing Girl Could Have Been Found In 2006 As Phillip Garrido Appears In Court Over Jaycee Lee Dugard s Abduction Police Admit They Did Not Properly Follow Up A 911 Call Three Years Ago At His Property The Independent London Archived from the original on March 4 2016 a b c Tammy Strobel November 5 2009 Special Report CDCR s Supervision of Parolee Phillip Garrido California Coalition Against Sexual Assault Archived from the original on January 29 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 a b c Rothfeld Michael November 4 2009 State prison watchdog strongly criticizes procedures in Jaycee Dugard case Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on February 8 2014 Retrieved June 14 2014 Mike Von Fremd Kate Snow Stephen Splane August 30 2009 Dugard Kidnapping Suspect Told FBI He d Cured Himself ABC News Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 3 2016 Cathy Cockrell August 28 2009 Arrest of kidnap suspect Phillip Garrido hinged on instincts and diligence of two members of UC Berkeley police force UC Berkeley News Archived from the original on April 18 2016 Retrieved June 12 2013 Jaycee Dugard s kidnappers plead guilty History com April 28 2011 Archived from the original on April 9 2016 Mike Von Fremd Kate Snow Stephen Splane August 30 2009 Dugard Kidnapping Suspect Told FBI He d Cured Himself ABC News Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 3 2016 Lukas I Alpert August 30 2009 Fiend Gave the FBI his Perv Cure Manifesto New York Post Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 While some sources give the spelling of the name as Alyssa others such as the August 29 2009 Daily Telegraph Archived August 9 2016 at the Wayback Machine story give it as Allissa Dugard herself states on page 151 of her memoir After a couple of days of thinking I decide on my new name and tell Garrido and Nancy my choice I say I want to be called Allissa I used to love to watch Who s the Boss and my favorite actress is Alyssa Milano But I want a different spelling I want it spelled A L L I S S A This is what the girls her daughters will grow up calling me How Jaycee Lee Dugard Became Allissa The Girl With A Smile For Her Captor s Clients The Daily Telegraph Antioch California Archived from the original on August 9 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 a b c John Glatt 2010 Lost and Found The True Story of Jaycee Lee Dugard and the Abduction that Shocked the World St Martin s True Crime pp 246 254 ISBN 978 0 312 38827 0 a b Nick Allen October 5 2009 Jaycee Lee Dugard showed signs of Stockholm syndrome The Telegraph Archived from the original on March 23 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Jaycee Dugard Part 2 Why She Wants to Change How People View Victims ABC News July 9 2016 Retrieved September 22 2020 via YouTube Arash Ghadishah August 28 2009 EXCLUSIVE Meet Cop Who Helped Nail Alleged Dugard Kidnapper ABC News Archived from the original on June 10 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Stepdad Girl held 18 years enjoys happy reunion Recordnet com Associated Press August 28 2009 Archived from the original on November 3 2013 Retrieved June 14 2014 Police sorry for kidnap blunder BBC News August 29 2009 Archived from the original on August 8 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Greg Hardesty August 21 2013 Exclusive video Interview with Jaycee s aunt Orange County Register Archived from the original on June 11 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Ryan Smith September 1 2009 Controversy Jaycee Dugard Daughter s Photos Crimesider CBS News Archived from the original on February 18 2010 Retrieved June 14 2016 CBS News staff August 31 2009 Jaycee s Stepdad Her New Life Like Mars CBS News Archived from the original on October 29 2013 Retrieved June 11 2016 Greg Milam September 1 2009 Jaycee and Kids Cried at Kidnapper s Arrest Sky News Archived from the original on September 3 2009 Retrieved October 12 2009 Jaycee Dugard s aunt This is a joyful time CNN September 3 2009 Archived from the original on March 5 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Sophia Kazmi August 28 2009 Discovery of Jaycee Dugard brightens hopes for parents of other missing children Contra Costa Times Archived from the original on August 12 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Anderson Cooper August 27 2009 360 Interview Elizabeth Smart and her father Ed Anderson Cooper 360 Archived from the original on July 13 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Taylor Gandossy Tom Watkins Stan Wilson August 28 2009 Sheriff Kidnap victim children kept in backyard compound CNN Archived from the original on March 3 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Eunice Oh August 28 2009 Elizabeth Smart s Advice to Jaycee Dugard Move Forward in Life People Archived from the original on July 9 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Johnny Dodd September 4 2009 Shawn Hornbeck Jaycee Dugard Brainwashed in Shock People Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Tony Pierce Lindsay Barnett September 18 2009 Animal control officials hope to reunite kidnap victim Jaycee Lee Dugard with her 12 pets Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on July 14 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 First Photo Kidnap Survivor Jaycee Dugard Emerges from the Shadows People October 14 2009 Archived from the original on June 9 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 a b c Jaycee Lee Dugard working on her second book Associated Press The Sacramento Bee March 15 2016 Archived from the original on May 21 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 A Stolen Life Archived from the original on June 6 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Nick Allen August 31 2009 Jaycee Lee Dugard Death dogs search Phillip Garrido s home for missing girls The Telegraph London Archived from the original on August 9 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Sarah Netter Mike Von Fremd Ronna Waldman Ariane Nalty August 31 2009 Garrido Investigators Unearth Bone Fragments ABC News Archived from the original on June 10 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Neil Katz September 10 2009 Jaycee Dugard Investigation Turns to Phillip Garrido s Associates Crimesider CBS News Archived from the original on January 9 2010 Retrieved June 9 2016 Police Bones found on Garrido property CNN September 16 2009 Archived from the original on August 8 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 Teri Cox July 13 2011 Phillip Garrido May Have More Victims FOX40 News Archived from the original on March 18 2012 Retrieved November 3 2013 a b c Kidnap Suspect Wait Until You Hear The Story KCRA TV August 27 2009 Archived from the original on December 23 2009 Retrieved September 1 2009 Phillip Garrido Origin of Schizophrenia Revealed Grove Publishing Archived from the original on March 6 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 People of the State of California v Phillip Garrido and Nancy Garrido Case No P09CRF0373 Superior Court of California County of El Dorado September 8 2009 Archived from the original on December 2 2009 Retrieved September 13 2009 Maria L La Ganga September 14 2009 Phillip Garrido s bail set at 30 million will undergo psychiatric testing updated Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on August 4 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Dan Simon September 14 2009 Suspects in Jaycee Dugard kidnapping appear in court CNN Archived from the original on March 5 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Will Forensic Psychologists be involved in the Phillip Garrido case Everyday Psychology September 5 2009 Archived from the original on June 16 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Garridos in court for hearing as 1976 rape victim watches CNN October 30 2009 Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Minute Order PDF Superior Court of California El Dorado County November 9 2009 Archived from the original PDF on July 26 2011 Retrieved November 15 2009 Nancy Garrido s Attorney Removed From Kidnap Case KTVU November 9 2009 Archived from the original on June 6 2011 Retrieved November 9 2009 Ex Parte Minute Order PDF Superior Court of California El Dorado County November 12 2009 Archived from the original PDF on July 26 2011 Retrieved November 12 2009 Bob Egelko December 16 2009 Court Nancy Garrido s lawyer wrongly bounced San Francisco Chronicle Retrieved June 14 2016 Judge sets 20M bail for US kidnap suspect China Daily January 22 2010 Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Garridos Confess To Dugard Kidnapping KTVU February 28 2011 Archived from the original on March 1 2011 Brent Jones ed April 7 2011 Challenge of grand jury stops expected Garrido guilty plea USA Today Associated Press Archived from the original on April 11 2011 Retrieved June 14 2016 Steve Gorman April 28 2011 Jaycee Dugard s kidnappers plead guilty in California Reuters Archived from the original on September 24 2015 Retrieved June 14 2016 Jaycee Dugard kidnap Victim rues stolen life BBC News June 2 2011 Archived from the original on February 13 2016 Retrieved June 9 2016 CDCR Inmate Locator Public Inmate Locator System California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation Retrieved October 16 2020 CDCR Inmate Locator Public Inmate Locator System California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation Retrieved October 16 2020 Maria L La Ganga June 3 2011 Kidnappers Phillip and Nancy Garrido are sentenced in sex slave case Los Angeles Times p 1 Archived from the original on August 8 2016 Retrieved June 12 2016 Maria L La Ganga June 3 2011 Kidnappers Phillip and Nancy Garrido are sentenced in sex slave case Los Angeles Times p 2 Archived from the original on August 8 2016 Retrieved June 12 2016 Maria L La Ganga Shane Goldmacher July 2 2010 Jaycee Lee Dugard s family will receive 20 million from California Los Angeles Times Archived from the original on July 9 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 the CNN Wire Staff July 1 2010 California lawmakers approve 20 million to settle Dugard claims CNN Archived from the original on March 4 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Bill Number AB 1714 Chaptered July 9 2010 Archived from the original on March 3 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 Emmet Berg September 22 2011 Jaycee Dugard sues U S over monitoring of her captor Reuters Archived from the original on September 24 2015 Retrieved June 11 2016 Sudhin Tranawala March 15 2016 Court rejects lawsuit by kidnapping survivor Jaycee Dugard Associated Press Archived from the original on April 11 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 via Reading Eagle Jaycee Dugard v USA No 13 17596 August 26 2016 An ABC Diane Sawyer Exclusive The Jaycee Dugard Interview ABC News June 8 2011 Archived from the original on June 11 2016 Retrieved June 10 2016 The Jaycee Dugard Story Wicked Attraction Season 4 Episode 12 September 15 2011 Investigation Discovery Captive for 18 years Jaycee Lee Channel 4 October 1 2009 Archived from the original on July 1 2016 Retrieved June 11 2016 Alicia Quarles March 10 2012 Oprah and Jaycee Dugard honored at the DVF Awards Yahoo News Associated Press Archived from the original on March 5 2016 Retrieved June 14 2016 a b Diane Sawyer March 13 2012 Jaycee Dugard Interview How Life Has Changed ABC News Archived from the original on February 7 2017 Retrieved June 11 2016 Case 33 Jaycee Lee Dugard Casefile True Crime Podcast Casefile True Crime Podcast September 18 2016 Archived from the original on March 19 2018 Retrieved March 19 2018 External linksJaycee Dugardat Wikipedia s sister projects Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Resources from Wikiversity Map all coordinates using OpenStreetMap Download coordinates as KML The People of the State of California vs Phillip Greg Garrido Nancy Garrido PDF The Sacramento Bee Superior Court of the State of California August 28 2009 Archived from the original PDF on November 18 2009 Retrieved June 11 2016 Inside Jaycee s Secret Kidnap Compound Sky News September 5 2009 Archived from the original on September 1 2009 Timeline and map Jaycee Dugard case Contra Costa Times Photo slide show of Dugard case San Jose Mercury News The JAYC Foundation Voices Revealed Phillip Garrido s blogArchived June 5 2016 at the Wayback Machine Morain Dan June 12 1992 CALIFORNIA ALBUM The Kidnaping No One Will Forget A year after Jaycee Lee Dugard was taken 400 townspeople march to express their anger and hope Los Angeles Times lt ref gt Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Kidnapping of Jaycee Dugard amp oldid 1028065029, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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