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John Gadsby Chapman Language Watch Edit John Gadsby Chapman December 3 1808 November 28 1889 was an American artist famous for Baptism of Pocahontas which was commissioned by the United States Congress and hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda Baptism of Pocahontas by John G Chapman 1840 Contents 1 Life and career 2 Publications 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External linksLife and career EditJohn Chapman was born in 1808 in Alexandria Virginia Chapman began his study of art in Philadelphia for two years then departed for Europe where he eventually spent time in Italy In 1831 Chapman returned to his hometown of Alexandria and exhibited his artwork in the nearest metropolitan areas such as Washington D C Richmond and Philadelphia He specialized in landscapes and portraits By 1834 Chapman had moved to New York City and become a member of the National Academy of Design and found work as an illustrator In New York Chapman embarked on a series of historical paintings such as Landing at Jamestown and the Crowning of Powhatan The success of these paintings helped Chapman land a commission from the United States Congress in February 1837 to paint a historical scene for the rotunda of the Capitol building For this work Chapman received a total payment of 10 000 On November 30 1840 Baptism of Pocahontas was formally unveiled in the Capitol rotunda Besides historical paintings and portraits Chapman also produced wood engravings and etchings and frequently contributed illustrations to Harper Brothers publications Chapman s American Drawing Book published in 1847 became a standard text for art students 1 On the swell of these successes Chapman moved his family to Rome and made an earnest living selling paintings of rural Campania to American visitors However at the onset of the American Civil War the tourist industry dried up affecting Chapman s fortunes greatly In addition Chapman s own son Conrad Wise Chapman returned to America to fight on the side of the Confederate States of America The economic deprivation inflicted on Chapman during the 1860s became insurmountable In Rome he was forced to live off the kindness of fellow expatriates and finally returned to America sick and poor to spend his last days with another son John Linton Chapman in Brooklyn New York It was there in 1889 that he died a pauper Publications EditThe elements of art a manual for the amateur and basis of study for the professional artist 2 References Edit Chapman J G 1 January 1847 The American drawing book a manual for the amateur and basis of study for the professional artist especially adapted to the use of public and private schools as well as home instruction J S Redfield OCLC 730204 Chapman John Gadsby 1848 The elements of art a manual for the amateur and basis of study for the professional artist David Bogue Retrieved 2018 08 06 Chapman Family Correspondence and Other Documents MSS 48 Special Collections amp Archives UC San Diego Library Library of Virginia biography of John G Chapman and his son Conrad Chapman New York Times obituary of John Gadsby Chapman Chapman Family AssociationFurther reading EditJohn F McGuigan Jr and Mary K McGuigan John Gadsby Chapman America s First Artist Etcher With a Catalogue of His Italian Etchings Harpswell ME Arcady Editions 2015 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to John Gadsby Chapman The McGuigan Collection of John Gadsby Chapman Etchings at the New York Historical SocietyRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title John Gadsby Chapman amp oldid 948357665, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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