Joao Gilberto Language Watch Edit For the self titled album see Joao Gilberto album This name uses Portuguese naming customs the first or maternal family name is Prado Pereira and the second or paternal family name is de Oliveira Joao Gilberto born Joao Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira Portuguese ʒuˈɐ w ʒiwˈbɛʁtu 10 June 1931 6 July 2019 was a Brazilian singer songwriter and guitarist who was a pioneer of the musical genre of bossa nova in the late 1950s Around the world he was often called father of bossa nova 1 2 3 in his native Brazil he was referred to as O Mito The Legend 4 Joao GilbertoGilberto in 2006Background informationBirth nameJoao Gilberto Prado Pereira de OliveiraBorn 1931 06 10 10 June 1931 Juazeiro Bahia BrazilDied6 July 2019 2019 07 06 aged 88 Rio de Janeiro BrazilGenresBossa nova samba Latin jazzOccupation s Musician songwriterInstrumentsGuitar vocalsYears active1950 2019LabelsColumbiaElektra MusicianEpicOdeonPolydorPolyGramResonanceUMGVerveWarner Bros WMGBiography EditEarly life Edit Joao Gilberto was born in Juazeiro Bahia the son of Joviniano Domingos de Oliveira a wealthy merchant and Martinha do Prado Pereira de Oliveira He lived in his native city until 1942 when he began to study in Aracaju Sergipe returning to Juazeiro in 1946 At the age of 14 Gilberto got his first guitar from his grandfather despite disapproval from Gilberto s father 4 Still in Juazeiro he formed his first band called Enamorados do Ritmo Gilberto moved to Salvador Bahia in 1947 During his three years in the city he dropped out of his studies to dedicate himself exclusively to music and at the age of 18 began his artistic career as a crooner at the Radio Sociedade da Bahia 5 Career Edit Gilberto s first recordings were released in Brazil as two song 78 rpm singles between 1951 and 1959 In the 1960s Brazilian singles evolved to the double compact format and Gilberto released some EPs in this new format which carried four songs on a 45 rpm record In 1956 he returned to Rio and struck up old acquaintances most significantly with Antonio Carlos Jobim who was by then working as a composer producer and arranger with Odeon Records Jobim was impressed with Gilberto s new style of guitar playing and set about finding a suitable song to pitch the style to Odeon management 6 In 1963 Gilberto collaborated with American jazz musician Stan Getz on the album Getz Gilberto which was released the following year Jobim played the piano for the album while Gilberto s then wife Astrud performed the vocals in English while he sang in Portuguese Although Astrud Gilberto was only in the recording studio to be with her husband Joao Gilberto requested her to sing on several of the tracks as he could not sing in English This resulted with a duet between the two on the track The Girl from Ipanema which became a major hit from the album 7 At the 7th Annual Grammy Awards Getz Gilberto won three awards including Album of the Year which marked the first time a jazz album received the accolade 8 Gilberto was known for his demanding acoustic and noise control standards During a recording session of the song Rosa Morena he insisted on 28 takes to get the pronunciation of the o in Rosa just right 9 Nonetheless despite his high acoustic standards he skipped a contractually required sound check prior to a July 2003 performance at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles This negligence and the ensuing sound fiasco prompted the audience to stream from the venue before the concert ended 10 In 1997 Gilberto sued record label EMI over their reissue of several of his early works which he contended had been poorly remastered According to The New York Times A statement by his lawyer at the time declared that the reissues contained sound effects that did not pertain to the original recordings banalizing the work of a great artist Following the incident EMI ceased production of the albums in question and as of 2008 the lawsuit was yet to reach a decision 11 In 2000 Gilberto won the nomination for the Best World Music Album category in the 42nd Annual Grammy Awards for his work in the album Joao Voz e Violao 12 A year later he was inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame 13 In September 2003 Gilberto performed four shows in Japan 14 His performance at the Tokyo International Forum on 12 September was recorded for a live album titled In Tokyo which was released in 2004 15 At the 6th Annual Latin Grammy Awards in 2005 In Tokyo received a nomination for Best MPB Album 16 On 17 May 2017 Gilberto received an honorary doctorate in music from Columbia University but did not attend the commencement ceremony 17 Role in bossa nova Edit With the introduction of the microphone and the amplifier in Brazil Gilberto realized that the sound source did not need to be emitted intensely regarding the voice and instrument which favored subtle and internalized interpretations On the other hand at the time of the first bossa nova recordings Brazil still did not have high fidelity recording equipment capable of reproducing more complex sonorities Due to that Gilberto and Tom Jobim Gilberto s first arranger elaborated complex harmonies under the influence of American music and at the same time they simplified the general sound because of the equipment limitation 18 In July 1958 Elizete Cardoso released the famous LP Cancao do Amor Demais containing songs by Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes The record however would enter the history of Brazilian popular music for another reason Gilberto accompanied Cardoso on guitar on the tracks Chega de Saudade and Outra Vez these being the first recordings of the so called bossa nova beat In August of that year Gilberto released a 78 rpm record containing Chega de Saudade and Bim Bom recorded at Odeon with collaborations from Jobim Dorival Caymmi and Aloysio de Oliveira This album inaugurated the bossa nova genre and soon became a commercial success Gilberto s recording had arrangements by Jobim and the participation of Milton Banana among other artists Gilberto innovated by using two microphones to record one for the voice and one for the guitar This way the harmony became more clearly heard Until then songs were recorded with only one microphone emphasizing the voice to the detriment of the guitar With this innovation voice and guitar could compete equally if the voice maintained a natural intensity Thus it was necessary to issue the voice in a volume close to that of ordinary speech With Gilberto voice and guitar are kept at the same volume intensity with the microphones picking up both sound sources equally and if required changing the volume of both would be in equal proportion In 1959 Gilberto released another 78 rpm containing Desafinado by Jobim and Newton Mendonca and Ho ba la la written by himself In March 1959 he released the LP Chega de Saudade which became a sales success and had a major impact in the history of Brazilian music 18 Musical style EditGilberto s style combines traditional elements of samba with more contemporary jazz 1 3 His unique 1 acoustic guitar style involves a syncopated rhythm of plucked chords with chord progressions rooted in the jazz tradition 3 His vocal style has been described as laid back and understated 3 Leonardo Rocha in his obituary for the BBC states that Gilberto s music describes a period of huge optimism in Brazil 1 Personal life EditGilberto first married the singer Astrud 19 with whom he collaborated on the hit recording of The Girl from Ipanema the couple had a son called Joao Marcelo 20 They divorced and he later married the singer Miucha died 2018 they had a daughter Bebel Gilberto who is also a singer They later separated Gilberto also had a daughter with Claudia Faissol a journalist 1 3 Gilberto lived alone from around 2009 His final years were marked by money problems as well as declining health 1 In 2011 he was sued and evicted from an apartment in Leblon by his landlord Countess Georgina Brandolini d Adda 21 It was reported in December 2017 that his daughter Bebel was seeking control of his financial affairs because of his declining mental state and increasing indebtedness 22 On 6 July 2019 Gilberto died at his apartment in Rio de Janeiro 23 His body was buried in Niteroi following a private ceremony on 8 July 2019 24 Writing in The Guardian after his death Dom Phillips described Gilberto as one of the country s greatest musicians and composers a reclusive genius in a nation of extroverts whose work recalled happier more optimistic times for a deeply divided nation 25 In The Washington Post pop critic Chris Richards said His voice was one of the most intimate sounds of the 20th century more melodic than a sigh more rhythmic than chitchat only just barely Every syllable that appeared on his lips carried an air of effortlessness but Gilberto had worked hard to locate that sacred place where a human breath becomes music 26 Discography EditGilberto released several studio and live albums 27 Gilberto in concert 1996 1951 Quando Voce Recordar Amar e Bom 1951 Anjo Cruel Sem Ela 1952 Quando Ela Sai Meia Luz 1958 Chega de Saudade Bim Bom 1958 Desafinado Ho ba la la 1959 Chega de Saudade 1960 O Amor o Sorriso e a Flor 1961 Joao Gilberto 1962 Joao Gilberto Cantando as Musicas do Filme Orfeo do Carnaval 1962 Boss of Bossa Nova 1962 Bossa Nova at Carnegie Hall 1963 The Warm World of Joao Gilberto 1964 Getz Gilberto with Stan Getz 1965 Herbie Mann amp Joao Gilberto with Antonio Carlos Jobim 1966 Getz Gilberto Vol 2 with Stan Getz 1970 Joao Gilberto en Mexico 1973 Joao Gilberto 1976 The Best of Two Worlds with Stan Getz 1976 Amoroso 1977 Gilberto and Jobim 1980 Joao Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira 1981 Brasil with Caetano Veloso Gilberto Gil and Maria Bethania 1985 Interpreta Tom Jobim 1985 Meditacao 1986 Live in Montreux 1987 Live in Montreux 1988 O Mito 1990 Stan Getz Meets Joao amp Astrud Gilberto 1991 Joao 1994 Eu Sei que Vou Te Amar 1996 Live at Umbria Jazz 2000 Joao Voz e Violao 2004 In Tokyo 2007 For Tokyo edited only in Japan 2015 Um encontro no Au bon gourmet 2016 Getz Gilberto 76 with Stan Getz Awards and nominations EditAwards and nominations A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z References Notes External links Award Year A Recipient or nominee Category Result Ref Grammy Awards 1965 Getz Gilberto Album of the Year Won 28 Best Engineered Album Non Classical WonBest Jazz Instrumental Album WonNotes Edit Indicates the year of ceremony Each year is linked to the article about the awards held that year wherever possible References Edit a b c d e f Joao Gilberto Brazilian father of bossa nova dies aged 88 BBC 7 July 2019 Retrieved 7 July 2019 Brazilian musician Joao Gilberto dies aged 88 The Guardian 6 July 2019 Retrieved 7 July 2019 a b c d e Robin Denselow 6 July 2019 Joao Gilberto obituary The Guardian Retrieved 7 July 2019 a b Dougan John Joao Gilberto Biography amp History AllMusic Retrieved 8 July 2019 Garcia Walter 1999 Bim bom a contradicao sem conflitos de Joao Gilberto in Portuguese Paz e Terra ISBN 852190343X Retrieved 7 July 2019 Garcia Walter 2012 Joao Gilberto in Portuguese Cosac Naify p 451 ISBN 978 8575037379 Retrieved 7 July 2019 Joao Gilberto do Prado Pereira de Oliveira Dicionario da Musica Popular Brasileira in Portuguese Retrieved 7 July 2019 A vida de Joao Gilberto simbolo da bossa nova e da consagracao da musica brasileira no mundo Terra com br in Portuguese Retrieved 7 July 2019 Relembre principais momentos da carreira de Joao Gilberto Folha de S Paulo in Portuguese 6 July 2019 Retrieved 7 July 2019 Maximo Joao 6 July 2019 Joao Gilberto O verdadeiro pai da bossa nova O Globo in Portuguese Retrieved 7 July 2019 Rossi Marina Galarraga Gortazar Naiara 6 July 2019 Morre Joao Gilberto o cantor que apresentou a Bossa Nova ao mundo El Pais in Portuguese Retrieved 8 July 2019 McGowan Chris Pessanha Ricardo 1998 The Brazilian Sound Samba Bossa Nova and the Popular Music of Brazil Temple University Press p 68 ISBN 9781566395458 Ruggiero Bob 26 June 2014 The Girl From Ipanema Still Turning Jazz Heads at 50 Houston Press Retrieved 9 July 2019 Chediak Almir 1990 Bossa nova in Portuguese Irmaos Vitale ISBN 9788585426347 Heckman Don 25 July 2003 Primed for perfection but never reached Los Angeles Times ISSN 0458 3035 Retrieved 19 February 2018 Ratliff Ben 15 June 2008 Joao Gilberto s Pioneering Bossa Nova Records Are Caught in a Legal Limbo The New York Times Retrieved 10 December 2017 Awards National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences 30 April 2017 Retrieved 9 December 2017 Blades Jobim Among Latin Hall Inductees Billboard 4 April 2001 Retrieved 8 July 2019 Loudon Christopher 1 October 2004 Joao Gilberto In Tokyo JazzTimes Retrieved 8 July 2019 O Niel Tim 7 June 2004 Joao Gilberto In Tokyo PopMatters Retrieved 8 July 2019 Complete list of 6th annual Latin Grammy nominations Orange County Register 4 November 2005 Retrieved 8 July 2019 Joao Gilberto to Receive Honorary Doctorate Columbia University Department of Music 12 April 2017 Retrieved 9 December 2017 a b Leal Claudio EMI amesquinhou obra de Joao Gilberto diz laudo de Paulo Jobim Terra Magazine in Portuguese Retrieved 8 July 2019 Ha 50 anos Joao Gilberto estreou seu samba harmonico e sincopado Folha de S Paulo in Portuguese Retrieved 8 July 2019 Homem de Mello Zuza 2001 Folha Explica Joao Gilberto in Portuguese Sao Paulo PubliFolha ISBN 8574022896 Retrieved 8 July 2019 Tatit Luiz 1995 O cancionista composicao de cancoes no Brasil in Portuguese EdUSP ISBN 8531402484 Retrieved 8 July 2019 Artist Astrud Gilberto National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences Retrieved 16 July 2019 Olhos nos olhos in Portuguese Archived from the original on 24 April 2013 Retrieved 16 July 2019 EGO NOTICIAS Joao Gilberto devolve apartamento a condessa diz jornal ego globo com Nassif Luis 30 January 2011 A condessa que esta despejando Joao Gilberto Clarin com El drama de Joao Gilberto uno de los padres de la bossa nova in Spanish Retrieved 8 February 2018 Brazilian musician Joao Gilberto dies aged 88 The Guardian 6 July 2019 Retrieved 7 July 2019 Morre o cantor e compositor Joao Gilberto Epoca in Portuguese 6 July 2019 Retrieved 6 July 2019 Forrest Adam 6 July 2019 Joao Gilberto dead Brazilian Bossa Nova legend dies aged 88 The Independent Retrieved 6 July 2019 Brazil mourns bossa nova founder Joao Gilberto as he is buried in Rio Reuters 8 July 2019 Retrieved 9 July 2019 Phillips Dom 7 July 2019 Brazil mourns death of musician Joao Gilberto The Guardian Richards Chris 7 July 2019 Perspective Joao Gilberto sang lullabies to the future The Washington Post Retrieved 5 October 2019 Conheca a discografia de Joao Gilberto O Globo in Portuguese 6 July 2019 Retrieved 8 July 2019 Joao Gilberto discogs Retrieved 8 July 2019 Fernando Vianna Luiz 6 July 2019 Discografia de Joao Gilberto vai do transcendental ao mais do mesmo Folha de S Paulo in Portuguese Retrieved 8 July 2019 Em 1965 Joao Gilberto fazia historia ao ganhar Grammy de Album do Ano 6 July 2019 Sources EditCastro Ruy trans by Lysa Salsbury Bossa Nova The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World 2000 1st English language edition A Capella Books an imprint of Chicago Review Press Inc ISBN 1 55652 409 9 First published in Brasil by Companhia das Letras 1990 McGowan Chris and Pessanha Ricardo The Brazilian Sound Samba Bossa Nova and the Popular Music of Brazil 1998 2nd edition Temple University Press ISBN 1 56639 545 3 Gridley Mark Jazz Styles History and Analysis 9th NJ Pearson Prentice Hall Print De Stefano Gildo Il popolo del samba La vicenda e i protagonisti della storia della musica popolare brasiliana Preface by Chico Buarque de Hollanda Introduction by Gianni Mina RAI ERI Rome 2005 ISBN 8839713484 De Stefano Gildo Saudade Bossa Nova musiche contaminazioni e ritmi del Brasile Preface by Chico Buarque Introduction by Gianni Mina Logisma Editore Firenze 2017 ISBN 978 88 97530 88 6 Media related to Joao Gilberto at Wikimedia CommonsExternal links EditJoao Gilberto discography at Discogs Joao Gilberto discography by Laura Pelner McCarthy Joao Gilberto discography on Slipcue com Plain Joao The Man Who Invented Bossa Nova a biographical profile by Daniella Thompson Joao Gilberto The Early Records a special on Gilberto at the blog Worlds of Wanwood Behind the scenes of the legendary 1962 bossa nova concert Bossa Nova Guitar Transcriptions mostly of songs performed by Joao Gilberto The Brazilian Sound Brazilian Music amp Culture siteRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Joao Gilberto amp oldid 1027838782, wikipedia, wiki, book,


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