João Gilberto (born João Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira – Portuguese: [ʒuˈɐ̃w ʒiwˈbɛʁtu]; 10 June 1931 – 6 July 2019), was a Brazilian singer, songwriter, and guitarist, who was a pioneer of the musical genre of bossa nova in the late 1950s. Around the world he was often called "father of bossa nova"; in his native Brazil, he was referred to as "O Mito" ("The Legend").
Gilberto in 2006
|Birth name||João Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira|
|Born||10 June 1931|
Juazeiro, Bahia, Brazil
|Died||6 July 2019 (aged 88)|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Genres||Bossa nova, samba, Latin jazz|
Gilberto's style combines traditional elements of samba with more contemporary jazz. His "unique" acoustic guitar style involves a syncopated rhythm of plucked chords, with chord progressions rooted in the jazz tradition. His vocal style has been described as "laid-back and understated". Leonardo Rocha, in his obituary for the BBC, states that Gilberto's music describes "a period of huge optimism in Brazil".
Gilberto first married the singer Astrud, with whom he collaborated on the hit recording of "The Girl from Ipanema"; the couple had a son called João Marcelo. They divorced, and he later married the singer Miúcha (died 2018); they had a daughter, Bebel Gilberto, who is also a singer. They later separated. Gilberto also had a daughter with Claudia Faissol, a journalist.
Gilberto lived alone from around 2009. His final years were marked by money problems as well as declining health. In 2011, he was sued and evicted from an apartment in Leblon by his landlord, Countess Georgina Brandolini d'Adda. It was reported in December 2017 that his daughter Bebel was seeking control of his financial affairs because of his declining mental state and increasing indebtedness.
Writing in The Guardian after his death, Dom Phillips described Gilberto as ".. one of the country's greatest musicians and composers, a reclusive genius in a nation of extroverts whose work recalled happier, more optimistic times for a deeply divided nation." In The Washington Post pop critic Chris Richards said, "His voice was one of the most intimate sounds of the 20th century – more melodic than a sigh, more rhythmic than chitchat, only just barely. Every syllable that appeared on his lips carried an air of effortlessness, but Gilberto had worked hard to locate that sacred place where a human breath becomes music."
Gilberto released several studio and live albums:
- 1951: Quando Você Recordar/Amar é Bom
- 1951: Anjo Cruel/Sem Ela
- 1952: Quando Ela Sai/Meia Luz
- 1958: Chega de Saudade/Bim Bom
- 1958: Desafinado/Hô-bá-lá-lá
- 1959: Chega de Saudade
- 1960: O Amor, o Sorriso e a Flor
- 1961: João Gilberto
- 1962: João Gilberto Cantando as Musicás do Filme Orfeo do Carnaval
- 1962: Boss of Bossa Nova
- 1962: Bossa Nova at Carnegie Hall
- 1963: The Warm World of João Gilberto
- 1964: Getz/Gilberto (with Stan Getz)
- 1965: Herbie Mann & João Gilberto with Antônio Carlos Jobim
- 1966: Getz/Gilberto Vol. 2 (with Stan Getz)
- 1970: João Gilberto en México
- 1973: João Gilberto
- 1976: The Best of Two Worlds (with Stan Getz)
- 1976: Amoroso
- 1977: Gilberto and Jobim
- 1980: João Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira
- 1981: Brasil (with Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil and Maria Bethânia)
- 1985: Interpreta Tom Jobim
- 1985: Meditação
- 1986: Live in Montreux
- 1987: Live in Montreux
- 1988: O Mito
- 1990: Stan Getz Meets João & Astrud Gilberto
- 1991: João
- 1994: Eu Sei que Vou Te Amar
- 1996: Live at Umbria Jazz
- 2000: João Voz e Violão
- 2004: In Tokyo
- 2007: For Tokyo – edited only in Japan
- 2015: Um encontro no Au bon gourmet
- 2016: Getz/Gilberto '76 (with Stan Getz)
Awards and nominations
- Indicates the year of ceremony. Each year is linked to the article about the awards held that year, wherever possible.
- "João Gilberto: Brazilian 'father of bossa nova' dies aged 88". BBC. 7 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- "Brazilian musician João Gilberto dies aged 88". The Guardian. 6 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- Robin Denselow (6 July 2019). "João Gilberto obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- Dougan, John. "João Gilberto – Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- Garcia, Walter (1999). Bim bom : a contradição sem conflitos de João Gilberto (in Portuguese). Paz e Terra. ISBN 852190343X. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- Garcia, Walter (2012). João Gilberto (in Portuguese). Cosac Naify. p. 451. ISBN 978-8575037379. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- "João Gilberto do Prado Pereira de Oliveira". Dicionário da Música Popular Brasileira (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- "A vida de João Gilberto, símbolo da bossa nova e da consagração da música brasileira no mundo". Terra.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- "Relembre principais momentos da carreira de João Gilberto". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). 6 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- Máximo, João (6 July 2019). "João Gilberto: O verdadeiro pai da bossa nova". O Globo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- Rossi, Marina; Galarraga Gortázar, Naiara (6 July 2019). "Morre João Gilberto, o cantor que apresentou a Bossa Nova ao mundo". El País (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- McGowan, Chris; Pessanha, Ricardo (1998). The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova, and the Popular Music of Brazil. Temple University Press. p. 68. ISBN 9781566395458.
- Ruggiero, Bob (26 June 2014). "The Girl From Ipanema – Still Turning (Jazz) Heads at 50". Houston Press. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
- Chediak, Almir (1990). Bossa nova (in Portuguese). Irmãos Vitale. ISBN 9788585426347.
- Heckman, Don (25 July 2003). "Primed for perfection but never reached". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
- Ratliff, Ben (15 June 2008). "João Gilberto's Pioneering Bossa Nova Records Are Caught in a Legal Limbo". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- "Awards". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. 30 April 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- "Blades, Jobim Among Latin Hall Inductees". Billboard. 4 April 2001. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- Loudon, Christopher (1 October 2004). "Joao Gilberto: In Tokyo". JazzTimes. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- O'Niel, Tim (7 June 2004). "João Gilberto: In Tokyo". PopMatters. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "Complete list of 6th annual Latin Grammy nominations". Orange County Register. 4 November 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "João Gilberto to Receive Honorary Doctorate". Columbia University Department of Music. 12 April 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
- Leal, Claudio. "EMI "amesquinhou" obra de João Gilberto, diz laudo de Paulo Jobim". Terra Magazine (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "Há 50 anos, João Gilberto estreou seu samba harmônico e sincopado". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- Homem de Mello, Zuza (2001). Folha Explica – João Gilberto (in Portuguese). São Paulo: PubliFolha. ISBN 8574022896. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- Tatit, Luiz (1995). O cancionista: composição de canções no Brasil (in Portuguese). EdUSP. ISBN 8531402484. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "Artist: Astrud Gilberto". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
- "Olhos nos olhos" (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 24 April 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2019.
- "EGO – NOTÍCIAS – João Gilberto devolve apartamento a condessa, diz jornal". ego.globo.com.
- Nassif, Luis (30 January 2011). "A condessa que está despejando João Gilberto".
- Clarin.com. "El drama de Joao Gilberto, uno de los padres de la bossa nova" (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- "Brazilian musician João Gilberto dies aged 88". The Guardian. 6 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- "Morre o cantor e compositor João Gilberto". Época (in Portuguese). 6 July 2019. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
- Forrest, Adam (6 July 2019). "Joao Gilberto dead: Brazilian Bossa Nova legend dies, aged 88". The Independent. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
- "Brazil mourns bossa nova founder João Gilberto as he is buried in Rio". Reuters. 8 July 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
- Phillips, Dom (7 July 2019). "Brazil mourns death of musician João Gilberto". The Guardian.
- Richards, Chris (7 July 2019). "Perspective | João Gilberto sang lullabies to the future". The Washington Post. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
- "Conheça a discografia de João Gilberto". O Globo (in Portuguese). 6 July 2019. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "João Gilberto". discogs. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- Fernando Vianna, Luiz (6 July 2019). "Discografia de João Gilberto vai do transcendental ao mais do mesmo". Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 July 2019.
- "Em 1965, João Gilberto fazia história ao ganhar Grammy de Álbum do Ano". 6 July 2019.
- Castro, Ruy (trans. by Lysa Salsbury). Bossa Nova: The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World. 2000. 1st English language edition. A Capella Books, an imprint of Chicago Review Press, Inc. ISBN 1-55652-409-9 First published in Brasil by Companhia das Letras. 1990.
- McGowan, Chris and Pessanha, Ricardo. The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova and the Popular Music of Brazil. 1998. 2nd edition. Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-545-3
- Gridley, Mark. Jazz Styles: History and Analysis. 9th. NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, Print.
- De Stefano, Gildo, Il popolo del samba, La vicenda e i protagonisti della storia della musica popolare brasiliana, Preface by Chico Buarque de Hollanda, Introduction by Gianni Minà, RAI-ERI, Rome 2005, ISBN 8839713484
- De Stefano, Gildo, Saudade Bossa Nova: musiche, contaminazioni e ritmi del Brasile, Preface by Chico Buarque, Introduction by Gianni Minà, Logisma Editore, Firenze 2017, ISBN 978-88-97530-88-6
- Media related to João Gilberto at Wikimedia Commons
- João Gilberto discography at Discogs
- João Gilberto discography by Laura Pelner McCarthy
- João Gilberto discography on Slipcue.com
- Plain João—The Man Who Invented Bossa Nova, a biographical profile by Daniella Thompson
- Joao Gilberto: The Early Records a special on Gilberto at the blog Worlds of Wanwood
- Behind the scenes of the legendary 1962 bossa nova concert
- Bossa Nova Guitar Transcriptions – mostly of songs performed by João Gilberto
- The Brazilian Sound: Brazilian Music & Culture – site