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Hurricane Gonzalo Language Watch Edit Hurricane Gonzalo was the second tropical cyclone after Hurricane Fay to directly strike the island of Bermuda in a one week time frame in October 2014 and was the first Category 4 Atlantic hurricane since Hurricane Ophelia in 2011 At the time it was the strongest hurricane in the Atlantic since Igor in 2010 1 Gonzalo struck Bermuda less than a week after the surprisingly fierce Hurricane Fay 2014 was the first season in recorded history to feature two hurricane landfalls in Bermuda A powerful Atlantic tropical cyclone that wrought destruction in the Leeward Islands and Bermuda Gonzalo was the seventh named storm sixth and final hurricane and only the second major hurricane of the below average 2014 Atlantic hurricane season The storm formed from a tropical wave on October 12 while located east of the Lesser Antilles It made landfall on Antigua Saint Martin and Anguilla as a Category 1 hurricane causing damage on those and nearby islands Antigua and Barbuda sustained US 40 million in losses and boats were abundantly damaged or destroyed throughout the northern Leeward Islands The storm killed three people on Saint Martin and Saint Barthelemy Gonzalo tracked northwestward as it intensified into a major hurricane Eyewall replacement cycles led to fluctuations in the hurricane s structure and intensity but on October 16 Gonzalo peaked with maximum sustained winds of 145 mph 235 km h Hurricane GonzaloCategory 4 major hurricane SSHWS NWS Hurricane Gonzalo at peak intensity north of the Greater Antilles on October 16FormedOctober 12 2014DissipatedOctober 20 2014 Extratropical after October 19 Highest winds1 minute sustained 145 mph 230 km h Lowest pressure940 mbar hPa 27 76 inHgFatalities3 while tropical 3 while extratropicalDamage gt 317 million 2014 USD Areas affectedLeeward Islands Puerto Rico Bermuda Newfoundland EuropePart of the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season After Hurricane Fay caused extensive power outages on the island just days before residents of Bermuda were forced to complete preparations for Gonzalo in haste Banks businesses schools and government offices closed in advance of the storm while the Royal Navy ship HMS Argyll left its post in the Caribbean to provide Bermuda with emergency assistance The cyclone gradually weakened before crossing directly over central Bermuda at Category 2 strength around 00 30 UTC on October 18 Gonzalo battered the island with wind gusts as high as 144 mph 232 km h downing hundreds of trees and creating widespread roof damage At the height of the storm about 31 000 out of 36 000 total electricity customers were without power service was not fully restored until early November Many roads were impassable immediately following the hurricane and in many cases the damage done by Gonzalo was indistinguishable from that of Fay Bermuda Regiment soldiers and sailors from the Argyll took part in initial cleanup and repairs on the territory and preliminary assessments revealed that the storm did not compare to the devastation of Hurricane Fabian in 2003 Catastrophe modelling firms estimated that Bermuda suffered at least 200 million in insured losses and despite the heavy disruptions no deaths or serious injuries were reported there Departing Bermuda Gonzalo accelerated toward the waters of the North Atlantic passing close to southeastern Newfoundland before becoming extratropical on October 19 Gusty winds and bands of heavy rain in the southeastern Avalon Peninsula engendered minor flooding and power outages A large storm system involving the remnants of Gonzalo battered the British Isles and central Europe on October 21 killing three people in the United Kingdom and severely hindering transportation The system later played a role in triggering torrential rains over the Balkans which resulted in severe flooding in Greece and Bulgaria Contents 1 Meteorological history 2 Preparations 3 Impact and aftermath 3 1 Caribbean 3 2 Bermuda 3 3 Atlantic Canada 3 4 United Kingdom and Europe 4 See also 5 ReferencesMeteorological history Edit Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm according to the Saffir Simpson scale Hurricane Gonzalo originated from a tropical wave that emerged from the western coast of Africa on October 4 and trekked across the Atlantic Despite an attendant expanse of clouds and thunderstorms hostile winds from an upper level trough hindered cyclogenesis On October 10 after encountering an eastward propagating Kelvin wave the system developed more concentrated convection With conditions increasingly favorable for further development the disturbance gradually became better organized forming a small low pressure area by October 11 In turn a tropical depression formed at 00 00 UTC on October 12 located approximately 390 mi 630 km east of the Leeward Islands Continued maturation amid warm waters and low wind shear yielded Tropical Storm Gonzalo 12 hours later 2 Operationally the National Hurricane Center NHC did not begin issuing advisories on the cyclone until midday on October 12 after a Hurricane Hunter flight into the system reported surface winds of 40 mph 65 km h 3 A powerful ridge over the central Atlantic steered the nascent storm westward toward the Lesser Antilles 2 Thunderstorm activity was strong near the center was initially somewhat disorganized and asymmetric 4 However a tight inner core soon took shape and Gonzalo began to quickly intensify throughout the day on October 12 Following the appearance of an eye feature early the next day the storm was upgraded to a Category 1 hurricane while located near Antigua in the eastern Caribbean Shortly thereafter the storm passed directly over the island 2 The hurricane later struck Saint Martin and Anguilla and skirted just north of the British Virgin Islands while continuing to intensify 2 By that time it was headed toward the northwest around the periphery of the aforementioned ridge 5 Hurricane Gonzalo approaching Bermuda on October 17 On October 14 the eye contracted to a diameter of 17 mi 27 km and improved its satellite presentation 6 At 18 00 UTC Gonzalo strengthened to a Category 3 major hurricane while located about 170 mi 275 km north of San Juan Puerto Rico 2 Six hours later it became the first Category 4 hurricane in the Atlantic basin since Hurricane Ophelia in 2011 Subsequently a concentric eyewall structure indicated an imminent eyewall replacement cycle with the inner feature about as small as it can get according to the NHC 7 The eyewall replacement cycle briefly disrupted the storm s core causing Gonzalo to weaken slightly 8 but upon completion on the evening of October 15 the system stabilized and resumed intensification 9 10 While moving northward early the next day Gonzalo reached its peak intensity with winds of 145 mph 235 km h and a barometric pressure of 940 mbar hPa 27 76 inHg By evening it had turned north northeastward ahead of an advancing trough over the eastern United States and in the wake of the receding ridge 2 From the evening of October 16 through the next morning the hurricane experienced further internal fluctuations as it approached Bermuda from the south southwest Concurrently the storm began to weaken 2 11 In particular cloud tops around the hurricane warmed and convection became less uniform likely attributable to cooler waters and heightened wind shear 12 The hurricane was downgraded to Category 2 as the northern eyewall crossed Bermuda 13 and about 00 30 UTC on October 18 the center of circulation passed directly over the island signaling an official landfall Along with Hurricane Fay which struck Bermuda on October 12 this represented the first recorded instance of two hurricanes making landfall on the island within the same season 2 Moving away from Bermuda the hurricane continued to degrade 14 but showed signs of increased organization later on October 18 15 As Gonzalo accelerated northeastward at over 50 mph 80 km h 16 it passed about 50 miles 80 km southeast of Newfoundland s Avalon Peninsula early on October 19 2 In spite of sea surface temperatures below 50 F 10 C the storm was able to maintain a central dense overcast and deep warm core 17 By 18 00 UTC Gonzalo had finally succumbed to the cold environment and intense wind shear completing its transition into a strong extratropical cyclone about 460 mi 740 km northeast of Cape Race Newfoundland Gonzalo s remnants sped east northeastward until a frontal boundary absorbed it on October 20 to the south southwest of Iceland The resultant system brought stormy weather to the British Isles and parts of mainland Europe on October 21 2 and later contributed to the formation of a large cut off low 18 Preparations Edit Hurricane Gonzalo approaching Bermuda on October 17 as viewed from the International Space Station When Gonzalo first formed various governments across the eastern Caribbean issued tropical cyclone warnings and watches extending from Guadeloupe to the coast of Puerto Rico As the storm was strengthening and moving through the region a hurricane warning was issued for the British Virgin Islands Anguilla and Saint Martin 2 Several major cruise lines altered their itineraries to avoid the storm 19 Late on October 14 while Gonzalo was still about 700 miles 1 125 km to the south the Bermuda Weather Service issued a hurricane watch for the island The watch was upgraded to a warning the next day 2 Having been affected by the unexpectedly destructive Hurricane Fay just days earlier residents quickly began preparing for Gonzalo by obtaining emergency supplies and expediting cleanup efforts from the previous storm 20 Premier of Bermuda Michael Dunkley advised citizens to complete most preparations by the afternoon of October 16 21 Banks and businesses began closing that day 22 while schools and government offices were closed by October 17 23 One school functioned as a storm shelter 24 and 66 people ultimately sought refuge there 25 Bus and ferry services were suspended on the evening of October 16 24 Bermuda s only daily newspaper the Royal Gazette did not go to print on October 17 but distributed the next day s edition for free 26 Bermuda Regiment soldiers were stationed at various points to support emergency response crews and ensure the safety of the public 27 The Caribbean Electric Utility Services Corporation CARILEC sent linemen to assist the Bermuda Electric Light Company BELCO crews in the event of power outages from Gonzalo Still completing restoration work after massive outages from Fay BELCO stationed vehicles and supplies at strategic points on the island to prepare for the next hurricane 28 On the morning of October 16 BELCO switched its focus from Fay to Gonzalo leaving around 1 500 households without power the remaining affected customers were asked to refrain from calling to report outages 29 Ahead of the storm the Royal Navy frigate HMS Argyll sailed from the Caribbean to provide Bermuda with emergency assistance 30 Public beaches were closed as hurricane swells began to build and the decision was made to shut down the Causeway early on October 17 based on forecasts of long duration severe winds 24 Additionally L F Wade International Airport closed prior to the storm s onslaught 31 accounting for 62 canceled commercial flights Three cruise ships were diverted from the island 32 Impact and aftermath EditCaribbean Edit Infrared satellite loop of Gonzalo moving over the Leeward Islands on October 13 While moving through the northeastern Leeward Islands as a fledgling hurricane Gonzalo produced sustained winds of 77 mph 124 km h on Antigua with gusts to 90 mph 140 km h 33 Roads were blocked by uprooted trees while numerous buildings including several schools received significant damage 19 33 Gonzalo caused an island wide power outage 19 and its storm surge damaged boats 33 Schools and businesses were forced to close and four emergency shelters opened to storm victims 19 Debris and flooding forced V C Bird International Airport to delay its return to operation after closing as a precaution 34 Numerous homes sustained damage largely to their roofs with the Saint George Parish suffering the greatest losses 35 Farming communities and a variety of crops were severely impacted 33 which sparked concerns of imminent produce shortages 36 Some growers lost their entire banana crops 33 Barbuda experienced gusts as high as 70 mph 110 km h 2 as well as radar estimated rainfall of up to 6 in 150 mm 33 Although Barbuda was subject to less widespread devastation than its twin island there were still snapped tree limbs reports of flooding and disruptions to utility services 37 Damages to residences government buildings and agriculture on Antigua contributed to Antigua and Barbuda s national storm cost of around US 40 million 33 35 which also includes compensation to American Airlines for not meeting departing passenger quotas during the hurricane 38 Numerous individuals were treated for minor storm related injuries none of them life threatening 39 Further west Gonzalo caused minor power outages on Saint Kitts and Nevis 40 while a general 1 2 in 25 51 mm of rain accompanied wind gusts to 58 mph 93 km h on Guadeloupe 41 Damage to coastal installations at Orient Beach on Saint Martin The storm wrecked dozens of boats around Saint Martin including 22 in Simpson Bay Lagoon and an elderly man aboard one of the stricken vessels was killed Two people on Saint Martin and Saint Barthelemy went missing in the storm 42 and were presumed dead after remaining unaccounted for several months later 2 Fourteen other missing individuals were returned alive 43 Winds on Saint Barthelemy blew 86 mph 138 km h sustained with gusts to 126 mph 203 km h 2 Fallen trees obstructed streets and an aircraft flipped over on a runway at Gustaf III Airport 44 As many as 40 boats were reportedly beached on Saint Barthelemy 45 On Saint Martin sustained winds exceeded 60 mph 95 km h and L Esperance Airport recorded gusts to 93 mph 150 km h before the observing equipment failed As much as 5 70 in 145 mm of rain fell over the island 2 Reports of urban flooding and entrance of water into homes were common 46 Gonzalo impaired water and electricity services throughout Dutch Sint Marteen and inflicted significant damage to homes The St Maarten Zoo sustained heavy structural damage though all resident animals survived unharmed 42 The French side of the island incurred relatively little destruction with scattered roof and window damage 46 though Orient Beach was a scene of complete devastation several businesses there suffered extensively 47 Emergency responders and military aircraft from Martinique were dispatched to aid in post storm recovery on Saint Barthelemy and Saint Martin 48 49 Heavy rain on Anguilla flooded the Clayton J Lloyd International Airport and portions of several districts qualifying the government for a US 500 000 excess rainfall insurance payout 50 The eastern and western ends of the island bore the brunt of the storm facing damage to utility poles vegetation and roofs 40 and public schools did not reopen until October 20 or later 51 The sole hospital experienced minor flood damage 40 Gonzalo produced squally weather in parts of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands causing power outages and prompting 20 people to stay in an emergency shelter 52 53 Cyril E King Airport on Saint Thomas was temporarily closed due to the storm 53 the airport endured blustery conditions with gusts reaching 35 mph 56 km h 54 Elsewhere rough seas affected parts of the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas 55 Bermuda Edit Infrared satellite loop of Gonzalo passing through Bermuda on October 18 Gonzalo generated hurricane force winds across Bermuda over a period of about six hours at their strongest from the northwest on the backside of the storm 2 Tropical storm conditions persisted for up to 24 hours 56 Elevated weather stations observed the highest winds Commissioner s Point recorded 10 minute sustained winds of 109 mph 175 km h and St David s measured gusts as high as 144 mph 232 km h Gusts reached 113 mph 182 km h at the Causeway closer to sea level 2 The airport recorded 2 85 in 72 mm of rain but due to the strong winds this was most likely an underestimation of what actually fell The passage of the hurricane s eye was marked by diminished winds and a lack of rain but a drizzle of ocean mist reportedly fell over the island 56 As Gonzalo struck at low tide the effects of storm surge were minimal At Esso Pier on the north side of the island storm tides peaked at 3 25 ft 0 99 m above normal 2 56 The intense winds brought down utility poles and hundreds of trees likely exacerbated by saturated ground from record rainfall in the months prior leaving barely a road passable 56 57 58 The storm razed several invasive species with endemic trees proving more resilient 58 59 A composting facility received 1 200 truckloads of plant debris per day after Fay and Gonzalo up from an average of 100 60 Damage from the storms totaled around US 260 000 on Bermuda National Trust properties which include nature preserves and cemeteries 61 Similarly the Bermuda Botanical Gardens and Arboretum were closed due to safety hazards resulting from extensive vegetation damage 62 Downed trees in Hamilton Bermuda after Gonzalo passed by The first storm related power outages took place in the early afternoon on October 17 as weather conditions worsened 63 At the height of the storm about 31 000 out of 36 000 electricity customers were without power 64 65 including the 1 500 outages left unresolved after Fay 66 Backup CARILEC crews helped with specialty assignments such as commercial outages and homes without power since before Gonzalo s onslaught 67 Service was not fully restored until November 3 56 and BELCO ultimately spent US 2 9 million on system repairs after hurricanes Fay and Gonzalo The company replaced 228 utility poles 80 transformers and over four miles 6 5 km of wire 68 Other utilities such as television and Internet services also suffered and technicians handled individual outages deep into the month of November 56 About six hundred streetlights on main roads and several hundred more on side streets were inoperative following the hurricane some remained unmended through January 2015 69 Structural damage ranged from the superficial to complete wall or roof failure the latter being relatively uncommon 56 A multitude of buildings including churches a visitor s center the House of Assembly building in Hamilton and the Bermuda Police Service headquarters at Prospect Camp suffered some degree of roof damage 70 71 72 Older structures were particularly prone to substantial damage 2 as were commercial storage buildings subject to less strict building codes 73 In December five new slate quarries were approved to accommodate the demand for roofing materials 74 Both the new and the old portions of King Edward VII Memorial Hospital received significant damage that exposed the facilities to the elements 75 An exhibit at the Bermuda Aquarium Museum and Zoo was unroofed and coastal erosion threatened to encroach on the site though no animals were harmed 76 Part of the structure s roof was blown a quarter mile 400 m 77 L F Wade International Airport sustained some roof and runway lighting damage 78 79 and the Bermuda Weather Service building lost a storm shutter and saw water forced inside a communications room 56 A restaurant at the site of the Gibbs Hill Lighthouse was severely damaged requiring a complete roof replacement 80 The Causeway was largely spared with some damage to the safety walls alongside the road and it was partially reopened on October 18 after initial repairs 72 However one of two lanes remained shut down for several days 56 Many boats were washed ashore and damaged or wrecked by the storm 57 and other vessels tipped over in boatyards 77 According to preliminary estimates properties in the Dockyard alone incurred US 1 million 2014 BMD in damage 71 HMS Argyll traveled to Bermuda from the Caribbean to aid in recovery efforts The strongest hurricane to directly affect Bermuda since 2003 s Hurricane Fabian 2 Gonzalo was generally less destructive 81 Damage modelling firms estimated insured losses from the hurricane to settle between US 200 million and US 400 million not including damage to watercraft 2 82 though the CEO of the largest property insurer on Bermuda believed losses to be much lower 73 It was estimated that a Fabian equivalence in 2014 would cause about US 650 million in damage 83 Some insurance companies decided to treat Fay and Gonzalo as a single event allowing one deductible to count toward claims from both storms 84 After initial assessments Premier Dunkley reported that the territory fared much better than we expected 85 and the storm was not blamed for any deaths or major injuries on Bermuda 86 In the aftermath of the hurricane a Royal Navy helicopter aboard Argyll flew out ahead of the ship to start aerial damage assessments Members of the Bermuda Regiment immediately began cleanup and recovery efforts 87 while the government provided tarps to affected homeowners 78 Sailors from the Argyll teamed up with Regiment soldiers upon the ship s arrival to continue relief work 88 Some 35 of the vessel s crew worked to clear debris from the runway at the airport which reopened on October 19 after thorough evaluations 89 90 Including damage from Fay about 2 million was spent on airport repairs and the storms were later cited as evidence of the need for a newer terminal in a more protected location 91 All schools on the territory resumed classes by October 21 92 Atlantic Canada Edit On October 17 the Canadian Hurricane Centre issued a tropical storm watch for the Avalon Peninsula of Newfoundland between Arnold s Cove and Chapel s Cove 93 Some communities including St John s worked to clear debris from culverts and storm drains to minimize the effects of flooding 94 95 Outer rainbands produced up to 2 7 in 69 mm of rain in just a few hours 96 which produced localized urban flooding in St John s 95 Winds gusted to 66 mph 106 km h at Cape Pine and 55 mph 89 km h at Cape Race 97 At St John s International Airport sustained winds of 34 mph 55 km h were punctuated by gusts to 46 mph 74 km h 96 The winds briefly cut power to about 100 households in a St John s neighborhood 95 Offshore a buoy over the Laurentian fan recorded peak wave heights to 68 ft 21 m 96 and an oil rig southeast of the storm s center experienced sustained winds of 98 mph 158 km h 17 Low astronomical tides prevented significant coastal flooding but a 2 6 ft 0 8 m surge was recorded at both St John s and Argentia 96 Farther west the hurricane generated rough seas and rip currents along the Atlantic coast of Nova Scotia 98 United Kingdom and Europe Edit Strong waves from Gonzalo hit the coast of the Isle of Skye Scotland The extratropical storm complex incorporating the remnants of Gonzalo generated strong winds across the British Isles especially over Ireland and the northern United Kingdom Winds gusted to 88 mph 142 km h at Oban in western Scotland 2 while gusts exceeding 60 mph 95 km h were common elsewhere 99 The system halted transportation throughout the region forcing the cancellation of more than a hundred flights at London Heathrow Airport grounding ferries and blocking roads and railways with debris 2 Falling trees killed one woman near Hyde Park London and injured several others 100 In Essex the winds collapsed a car jack supporting a van fatally crushing a man working underneath 101 The storm triggered minor power outages in Scotland and Wales 102 with more extensive outages in northwestern Ireland after gusts as high as 115 km h 71 mph 103 Flooding along the Elbe River in Hamburg Rissen Germany on October 22 Western and central Europe were also impacted by damaging winds and downpours The coast of the Netherlands endured high seas and gusts to 108 km h 67 mph uprooting trees and flooding the coastline Rail services and flight operations were disrupted throughout the region 104 In Germany gusts over 145 km h 90 mph were recorded at high elevations 105 In Stuttgart alone fifty vehicles were damaged by falling debris 106 downed trees torn roofs and power outages were common throughout the nation 107 In the Bavarian capital of Munich the storm destroyed a large tin roof measuring over 80 m2 860 sq ft parts of which impacted cars and fences on the ground Damage from the incident was estimated at 500 000 US 637 000 108 Throughout Germany the storm wrought 60 100 million US 80 130 million in insured losses A woman died in a traffic accident attributed to wet road conditions along the Bundesstrasse 303 in the Bayreuth district 109 Northwesterly gales yielded a storm surge along the country s North Sea coastline 110 with tides running over 2 m 6 ft 7 in above normal along the Elbe River at Hamburg Neighboring Austria and Switzerland also experienced gales and power outages 106 A tornado touched down near Neukirchen an der Enknach in Austria damaging homes and farms 111 Gusts in southern Switzerland reached 185 km h 115 mph leading to road and rail closures 112 In southern France the system initiated a mistral wind event 106 The upper level low associated with the hurricane s remnants blanketed parts of the Alps with heavy snowfall accumulating to several feet 106 and subsequently fueled torrential rains in the Balkans on October 24 and 25 Floodwaters caused by estimated rainfall totals nearing 150 mm 6 in inundated entire villages in southeastern Bulgaria forcing hundreds to evacuate and there were widespread disruptions of power and water services A woman in Burgas died from drowning In the Greek capital city of Athens the deluge filled streets with rushing water that swept away hundreds of vehicles 113 114 More than three hundred buildings were inundated in the Attica area 115 See also Edit Tropical cyclones portal Other storms of the same name List of Bermuda hurricanes List of Canada hurricanes 1948 Bermuda Newfoundland hurricane Hurricane Luis 1995 devastated the Leeward Islands in 1995 before passing west of Bermuda Hurricane Georges 1998 caused extensive damage in Antigua and Barbuda Hurricane Fay 2014 made landfall on Bermuda just a week prior to Gonzalo Hurricanes Paulette and Teddy 2020 affected Bermuda within a week of each other References Edit Atlantic hurricane best track HURDAT version 2 Database United States National Hurricane Center May 25 2020 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x Daniel P Brown March 4 2015 Hurricane Gonzalo Tropical Cyclone Report PDF Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved May 12 2015 Stacy R Stewart October 12 2014 Tropical Storm Gonzalo Special Discussion Number 1 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 14 2014 Michael J Brennan October 12 2014 Tropical Storm Gonzalo Discussion Number 3 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 14 2014 Todd B Kimberlain October 14 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 11 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 14 2014 Stacy R Stewart October 14 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 10 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 14 2014 John P Cangialosi October 15 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 13 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 15 2014 John P Cangialosi October 15 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 14 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 15 2014 Eric S Blake October 15 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 15 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 15 2014 Michael J Brennan October 16 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 16 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 16 2014 Lixion Avila October 17 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 21 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 17 2014 Todd Kimberlain and Michael Brennan October 17 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 20 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved May 13 2015 Stacy R Stewart October 17 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Intermediate Public Advisory Number 22A Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 17 2014 Chris Landsea October 18 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 25 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 18 2014 Stacy R Stewart October 18 2014 Hurricane Discussion Number 26 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 19 2014 Michael J Brennan October 19 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Intermediate Public Advisory Number 28 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 19 2014 a b Stacy R Stewart October 19 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Discussion Number 29 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved May 13 2015 National Climactic Data Center 500MB Analysis Heights Vorticity 10 24 2014 00UTC National Weather Service Archived from the original on July 17 2015 Retrieved May 17 2015 a b c d Hurricane Gonzalo Hammers Antigua Damages Homes and Disrupts Caribbean Cruises The Weather Channel Associated Press October 14 2014 Retrieved October 14 2014 Category 4 Hurricane Gonzalo aims for Bermuda The Arizona Republic October 15 2014 Retrieved October 15 2014 Doyle Rice October 16 2014 Dangerous Hurricane Gonzalo roars toward Bermuda USA Today Retrieved October 16 2014 Raymond Hainey October 16 2014 Businesses close early and prepare for Gonzalo The Royal Gazette Retrieved October 16 2014 Jonathan Bell October 16 2014 Are you ready The Royal Gazette Retrieved October 16 2014 a b c Jonathon Bell October 16 2014 Causeway to close 10 am tomorrow The Royal Gazette Retrieved October 16 2014 Premier praises Island s response The Royal Gazette October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Revised print schedule The Royal Gazette October 16 2014 Retrieved October 16 2014 Regiment in action as Gonzalo nears The Royal Gazette October 16 2014 Retrieved October 17 2014 CARILEC Prepared To Send Crews To Help Bernews October 15 2014 Retrieved October 15 2014 Owain Johnston Barnes October 16 2014 Belco 1 500 still without power The Royal Gazette Retrieved October 16 2014 Simon Jones October 16 2014 HMS Argyll heading to Bermuda The Royal Gazette Retrieved October 16 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Bermuda bruised by direct hit BBC News October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Sarah Lagan October 23 2014 Gonzalo could have cost tourism 1m a day The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 a b c d e f g Dale C S Destin March 30 2015 Antigua and Barbuda Weather Summary 2014 PDF Antigua and Barbuda Meteorological Service Retrieved May 16 2015 Raisa Charles October 14 2014 Air and sea ports resume operations today The Antigua Observer Retrieved May 16 2015 a b Martina Johnson December 16 2014 Homes suffered greatest Gonzalo damage report says The Antigua Observer Retrieved February 19 2015 Theresa Gordon October 20 2014 Storm damage in agriculture sector not complete The Antigua Observer Retrieved May 16 2015 Kadeem Joseph October 14 2014 Barbuda spared storm damage The Antigua Observer Retrieved May 16 2015 Airline reimbursements contribute to Gonzalo s price tag The Antigua Observer October 22 2014 Retrieved February 19 2015 Martina Johnson October 15 2014 Hospital records multiple injuries during storm The Antigua Observer Retrieved May 16 2015 a b c Tropical Cyclone Gonzalo AL082014 PDF The Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility October 20 2014 Retrieved May 16 2015 Meteo France October 15 2014 Antilles retour sur l ouragan Gonzalo Agence NEWS Press Archived from the original on May 18 2015 Retrieved May 16 2015 a b Hurricane Gonzalo strengthens threatens Bermuda CBC News Associated Press October 14 2014 Retrieved October 14 2014 Delphine Gavach October 21 2014 L ouragan Gonzalo a frappe fort St Martin s Week in French Retrieved May 13 2015 Hurricane Gonzalo bears down on the Bahamas ReliefWeb Agence France Presse October 15 2014 Retrieved May 12 2015 Cyclone Gonzalo deux personnes disparues en mer Le Nouvel Observateur in French Agence France Presse October 14 2014 Retrieved May 13 2015 a b French St Martin Post Gonzalo Recovery The St Kitts and Nevis Observer October 20 2014 Archived from the original on May 18 2015 Retrieved May 12 2015 Gonzalo exacts a heavy toll on boats boat owners The Daily Herald October 15 2014 Archived from the original on May 18 2015 Retrieved May 16 2015 Philippe Daniel October 14 2014 Des renforts Martiniquais apres l ouragan Gonzalo in French DOMactu com Retrieved May 13 2015 La Martinique vient en aide aux iles du Nord suite au passage de l ouragan Gonzalo Sa Ka Fet Matinik in French October 14 2014 Archived from the original on May 18 2015 Retrieved May 13 2015 CCRIF to make First Payout on Excess Rainfall Policy to Anguilla after Hurricane Gonzalo Rains Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility October 27 2014 Retrieved May 12 2015 Gonzalo Pounds Anguilla Tourism Plant Intact The Anguillian October 18 2014 Retrieved May 12 2015 Thomas Barrabi October 15 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Update Bermuda Declares Hurricane Watch Storm Could Reach Category 4 Winds International Business Times Retrieved October 15 2014 a b Daily Operations Briefing Tuesday October 14 2014 PDF Federal Emergency Management Agency U S Department of Homeland Security Archived from the original PDF on July 17 2015 Retrieved October 19 2014 Lynda Lohr October 14 2014 Rapid Intensification Caused Gonzalo to Veer Away St Croix Source Archived from the original on July 16 2015 Retrieved October 19 2014 Category 4 Hurricane Gonzalo aims for Bermuda The Columbus Dispatch October 15 2014 Retrieved October 15 2014 a b c d e f g h i Government of Bermuda April 2015 Review of the Past Hurricane Season World Meteorological Association RA IV Hurricane Committee Retrieved May 14 2015 a b Roads blocked and serious damage Island wide The Royal Gazette October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 a b Harrison EGN Isaac Sr October 25 2014 Storms impact on our bees The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Leanne McGrath November 3 2014 Storms have silver lining The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Sarah Lagan January 27 2015 Tipping fees resumed at Marsh Folly The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Simon Jones November 7 2014 Trust lands suffered 260 000 of storm damage The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Botanical Gardens Arboretum closed The Royal Gazette October 23 2014 Retrieved May 15 2015 Midnight 30 700 in the dark as Gonzalo resumes The Royal Gazette October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Belco restoration 26 775 without power at 11 30am The Royal Gazette October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Updating on BELCO s Service Restoration Bernews October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Owain Johnston Barnes November 1 2014 A last few undetected Belco customers without power The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Jonathan Bell October 24 2014 Electricity restoration encounters obstacles The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Jonathan Kent May 12 2015 Belco seeks electricity price increase The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 14 2015 Simon Jones May 15 2015 Anger over street lighting outages The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Simon Jones February 20 2015 Church seeks help to fund roof repairs The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 a b House of Assembly roof among damage Island wide The Royal Gazette October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 a b Leanne McGrath October 18 2014 Causeway reopens at 1 10 pm The Royal Gazette Retrieved October 18 2014 a b Raymond Hainey October 27 2014 Damage costs likely to range between 50 100 million BF amp M CEO Wight The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Jonathan Bell December 19 2014 Buildings still bear scars from Gonzalo The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Damage to hospital roof reported The Royal Gazette October 17 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Aquarium damaged in Gonzalo The Royal Gazette October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 a b Tim Sprinkle October 21 2014 Take a look at the damage that Hurricane Gonzalo left behind in Bermuda PropertyCasualty360 Retrieved May 15 2015 a b EMO Statement Airport Causeway Schools Bernews October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Airport to reopen today The Royal Gazette October 19 2014 Retrieved October 19 2014 Sarah Lagan March 30 2015 Hurricane repairs at Gibbs Hill Lighthouse The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Raymond Hainey October 21 2014 Insurers flooded with calls but damage is not Fabian sized The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Early Insured Loss Estimates on Hurricane Gonzalo Up to 400M Insurance Journal October 23 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Modellers estimate 200m 400m in insured losses from Gonzalo The Royal Gazette October 22 2014 Retrieved May 15 2015 Raymond Hainey October 24 2014 Argus BF amp M to treat storms as one event The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 15 2015 Bermuda dodges major hurricane damage Otago Daily Times October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo blacks out most of Bermuda BBC News October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Regiment soldiers team up with sailors The Royal Gazette October 18 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Regiment and Navy help clean up Island The Royal Gazette October 19 2014 Retrieved October 19 2014 Sarah Lagan October 21 2014 Royal Navy rises to the challenge The Royal Gazette Retrieved May 18 2015 Airport Re Opens Flights Now Arriving Bernews October 19 2014 Retrieved October 18 2014 Jonathan Kent August 13 2015 Richards why we really need a new terminal The Royal Gazette Retrieved September 23 2015 Bermuda Back in Business After Gonzalo Bernews October 22 2014 Retrieved May 15 2015 Lixion Avila October 17 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo Forecast Advisory Number 22 Miami Florida National Hurricane Center Retrieved October 17 2014 Jonathon Parsons October 16 2014 Bonavista preparing for Gonzalo The Packet Archived from the original on October 19 2014 Retrieved October 19 2014 a b c Hurricane Gonzalo douses Newfoundland moves offshore CBC News October 19 2014 Retrieved October 19 2014 a b c d Intermediate Tropical Cyclone Information Statement at 12 01 pm ADT Sunday 19 October 2014 Canadian Hurricane Centre October 19 2014 Archived from the original on May 18 2015 Retrieved May 13 2015 Jeff Masters October 19 2014 Gonzalo Brushes Newfoundland Ana Drenching Hawaii Weather Underground Archived from the original on July 16 2015 Retrieved October 19 2014 Canada s Top Ten Weather Stories for 2014 Environment Canada January 29 2015 Archived from the original on January 7 2015 Retrieved May 23 2015 Top UK wind speeds as Gonzalo s remnants felt Met Office October 21 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 UK severe weather Woman dies and others injured in high winds BBC News October 21 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Tom Brooks Pollock October 21 2014 Hurricane Gonzalo as it happened The Telegraph Retrieved May 17 2015 Eric Zerkel October 22 2014 Gonzalo s Remnants Hit the United Kingdom 2 Killed Travel Disrupted The Weather Channel Retrieved May 17 2015 Commuters affected as high winds hit rail and roads The Irish Times October 21 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Joralf Quist October 22 2014 Eerste najaarsstorm een feit weeronline nl in Dutch Retrieved September 24 2015 ex Gonzalo erste Sturm Nachlese in German Wetter24 October 22 2014 Archived from the original on October 24 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 a b c d Ex Hurrikan Gonzalo in German Institut fur Meteorologie und Klimaforschung October 24 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Gonzalo zieht uber Bayern hinweg Bayerischer Rundfunk October 22 2014 Archived from the original on August 9 2015 Retrieved May 18 2015 Gonzalo bringt Chaos und Schnee Suddeutsche Zeitung October 22 2014 Retrieved May 18 2015 Experten Sturm Gonzalo kostet Versicherer auch in Europa viele Millionen in German Borse Online Reuters October 24 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Leichte Sturmflut an der Nordsee in German Wetteronline October 21 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Wirbelsturm zerstort zahlreiche Dacher in German Freiwillige Feuerwehr Neukirchen a d Enknach October 2014 Retrieved May 18 2015 Les vents violents de la tempete Gonzalo ont balaye la Suisse Radio Television Suisse October 22 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Ex Hurrikan Gonzalo in German Institut fur Meteorologie und Klimaforschung October 27 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Greece hit by heavy flooding Yahoo News Agence France Presse October 25 2014 Retrieved May 17 2015 Xaos apo th neroponth sthn A8hna in Greek Voria gr October 24 2015 Archived from the original on May 20 2015 Retrieved May 18 2015 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Hurricane Gonzalo amp oldid 1028145568, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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