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Hurricane Fay Language Watch Edit This article is about the Category 1 hurricane in 2014 For other storms of the same name see Tropical Storm Fay Hurricane Fay was the first hurricane to make landfall on Bermuda since Emily in 1987 nb 1 The sixth named storm and fifth hurricane of the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season Fay evolved from a broad disturbance several hundred miles northeast of the Lesser Antilles on October 10 Initially a subtropical cyclone with an expansive wind field and asymmetrical cloud field the storm gradually attained tropical characteristics as it turned north transitioning into a tropical storm early on October 11 Hurricane FayCategory 1 hurricane SSHWS NWS Hurricane Fay at peak intensity over Bermuda on October 12FormedOctober 10 2014DissipatedOctober 13 2014Highest winds1 minute sustained 80 mph 130 km h Lowest pressure983 mbar hPa 29 03 inHgFatalitiesNoneDamage 3 8 million 2014 USD Areas affectedBermudaPart of the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season Despite being plagued by disruptive wind shear for most of its lifetime Tropical Storm Fay steadily intensified Veering toward the east Fay briefly achieved Category 1 hurricane status while making landfall on Bermuda early on October 12 Wind shear eventually took its toll on Fay causing the hurricane to weaken to a tropical storm later that day and degenerate into an open trough early on October 13 A few tropical cyclone warnings and watches were issued in anticipation of Fay s impact on Bermuda Despite its modest strength Fay produced extensive damage on Bermuda Winds gusting over 100 mph 155 km h clogged roadways with downed trees and utility poles and left a majority of the island s electric customers without power The terminal building at L F Wade International Airport was flooded after the storm damaged its roof and sprinkler system Along the coast the storm unmoored and destroyed numerous boats Immediately after the hurricane 200 Bermuda Regiment soldiers were called to clear debris and assist in initial damage repairs Cleanup efforts overlapped with preparations for the approach of the stronger Hurricane Gonzalo which struck the island less than six days later and compounded the damage Fay and Gonzalo marked the first recorded instance of two Bermuda hurricane landfalls in one season 1 Contents 1 Meteorological history 2 Preparations and impact 3 Aftermath 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksMeteorological history Edit Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm according to the Saffir Simpson scale Hurricane Fay originated in a disturbance calved from a mid to upper level trough over the east central Atlantic 2 On October 7 a broad region of showers and thunderstorms formed around it possibly enhanced by moisture from a tropical wave to the south Tracking westward the energy coalesced into an upper level cold core low on the following day and an associated trough formed at the surface Southwesterly wind shear initially hindered development but as the system became more vertically aligned on October 9 the hostile winds calmed In turn a curved banding feature was able to take form 2 Early on October 10 satellite imagery indicated that the center of circulation had become better defined with a swath of deep convection to the north and west of the low 3 It became a subtropical storm at 06 00 UTC on October 10 2 though it was not named Fay until later that day after initially being classified Subtropical Depression Seven 3 Its involvement with the upper level low and wide radius of maximum winds precluded designation as a fully tropical cyclone 3 Fay as a subtropical storm on October 10 Immediately after forming the storm moved northwestward around the periphery of a ridge of high pressure in the central Atlantic As Fay moved away from its parent upper low wind shear once again increased 2 The National Hurricane Center originally expected the cyclone to remain weak 3 but Fay began organizing more quickly than anticipated Relatively strong winds sampled by a Hurricane Hunters aircraft necessitated a special off hour advisory to raise the cyclone s intensity estimate 4 The storm started to acquire characteristics of a fully tropical system and despite strong southerly wind shear preventing thunderstorms from developing near the center 5 Fay s wind speeds steadily increased Upper level air divergence from the nearby non tropical low may have contributed to the storm s resilience 2 After convection became more symmetrical and the wind field contracted Fay transitioned into a tropical storm at 06 00 UTC on October 11 2 At the same time the system turned toward the north around the central Atlantic ridge 6 soon gaining an easterly component to its movement Fay remained heavily sheared with the deepest convection still displaced from the center 7 Forecasters originally believed Fay to have only briefly been a hurricane but post season reanalysis revealed that the system had actually strengthened into a Category 1 hurricane by early on October 12 and maintained that strength for 12 hours The upgrade was confirmed by buoy and land observations and weather radar data At 08 10 UTC the cyclone made landfall on Bermuda with maximum sustained winds of 80 mph 130 km h the hurricane s peak intensity Fay was the first hurricane to make landfall on the island since Emily in 1987 2 Its satellite presentation improved as a mid level eye feature formed 8 though the system remained lopsided Fay then accelerated toward the east northeast ahead of a shortwave trough to the north which also acted to further enhance shear in the area The hurricane finally succumbed to the persistent wind shear when the low level center decoupled from the mid level low and became elongated 2 By the early morning hours of October 13 Fay started transitioning into an extratropical cyclone as it entered a baroclinic environment and ingested colder drier air 9 The circulation rapidly deteriorated consequently the NHC issued its last operational advisory on the system at 21 00 UTC on October 12 10 Early the following day the storm degenerated into an open trough ending its existence as a tropical cyclone Shortly after the system became reestablished as a frontal cyclone which lost its definition over the northeastern Atlantic on October 15 2 Preparations and impact EditIn advance of Fay a tropical storm watch was issued on October 10 and upgraded to a tropical storm warning the next day Additionally in response to the storm s unexpected strengthening a hurricane watch was posted at 21 00 UTC on October 11 2 As it was a Sunday all public schools on the island were closed 11 Bus and ferry services were canceled 12 and two cruise ships delayed their arrival into port to avoid the cyclone 13 One of numerous yachts wrecked by Hurricane Fay Fay produced unexpectedly strong winds across Bermuda especially over western and southern parts of the territory L F Wade International Airport reported 10 minute sustained winds of 61 mph 98 km h with gusts to 82 mph 132 km h Several stations at higher elevations recorded gusts in excess of 115 mph 185 km h reaching 123 mph 198 km h at Commissioner s Point about 150 ft 46 m above sea level 2 The most intense winds occurred in a relatively quick burst on the backside of the storm within a large band of thunderstorms that affected the island a couple hours after the official landfall 2 12 Local radar imagery indicated possible tornadic activity coinciding with the period of most damaging winds though this could also have been an artifact of radar velocity folding 14 A gauge at St George s recorded a 1 78 ft 0 54 m storm surge though higher water rises may have affected the southern and western sides of the island 2 Rainfall unofficially amounted to 3 70 in 94 mm as reported by a member of the public and the airport recorded 1 87 in 47 mm of rain though the observing equipment was compromised in both cases 2 The hurricane brought down thousands of trees and tree limbs making streets impassable 14 15 The winds also toppled utility poles and inflicted roof damage on buildings 11 16 Over 27 000 of the Bermuda Electric Light Company s 36 000 customers lost power at the height of the storm 17 Several roads including Front Street in Hamilton were flooded 11 Many boats up to 60 ft 18 m in length broke free from their moorings and were damaged or destroyed upon being driven aground 18 Hamilton city parks sustained considerable damage and were closed due to safety hazards 19 The combined effects of Fay and Gonzalo forced the Botanical Gardens and Arboretum to stay closed until mid November while cleanup of vegetation damage was underway 20 Fay damaged the roof of the airport s terminal building causing the sprinkler system to malfunction and inundate parts of the structure with water the resultant flooding crippled computer systems crucial to processing passenger information The airport s radar was also impacted by the storm In response to the damage the airport was closed to all flights though it quickly reopened to emergency diversions and non commercial flights 21 Including subsequent damage from Gonzalo about 2 million was spent on airport repairs and the storms were later cited as evidence of the need for a newer terminal in a more protected location 22 Overall the cyclone s effects were greater than anticipated with destruction at least partially facilitated by saturated soils from nearly 14 inches 360 mm of rain in August and above normal precipitation in September 2 Farmers reported that much of their autumn and winter crops had been lost along with a few head of livestock 23 Fay and Gonzalo had a significant cumulative impact on Bermuda s agriculture and fishing industries contributing to a slight GDP decline 24 By about a week after Fay s landfall a local insurance company had received nearly 400 claims resulting from the storm accounting for 3 8 million in damage 25 However with several insurers on the island the actual damage total was likely much higher 2 in a report to the World Meteorological Organization the Bermuda Weather Service speculated that all insurance claims from Fay totaled tens of millions of dollars 14 nb 2 Ten people suffered minor storm related injuries but no fatalities were attributed to the storm 11 Aftermath EditSee also Hurricane Gonzalo Cleanup efforts after the storm were hastened as Hurricane Gonzalo approached from the south amid concerns that strewn debris from Fay could become airborne and exacerbate future destruction The unanticipated heavy damage from Fay prompted residents to prepare more thoroughly for Gonzalo as evidenced by stores reporting an influx of customers purchasing emergency supplies 26 Two hundred Bermuda Regiment soldiers helped clear debris and began repairing structural damage 27 On October 13 crews of soldiers put tarpaulins on 30 homes with roof damage as well as distributing another 150 tarps to homeowners 28 Early on October 16 the Bermuda Electric Light Company BELCO switched its focus from service restoration after Fay to preparations for the onslaught of Gonzalo leaving about 1 500 households without power The remaining affected customers were asked to refrain from calling in to report outages as further repairs would not be attempted before Gonzalo s passage unless an easy fix can be made and resources are available 29 With the same 1 500 customers still without electricity by October 23 BELCO tasked several crews with restoring the residual Fay outages on a priority basis 30 aided by Caribbean Electric Utility Services Corporation linemen who arrived in the aftermath of Gonzalo 31 Following the two hurricanes service was not completely restored to the island until November 3 14 BELCO ultimately spent 2 9 million on system repairs having replaced 228 utility poles and over 4 mi 6 5 km of wire 32 See also Edit Tropical cyclones portal List of Bermuda hurricanes Hurricane Karen 2001 Also impacted Bermuda Hurricane Fabian 2003 Most destructive hurricane in the history of Bermuda Hurricanes Paulette and Teddy 2020 Two hurricanes that also impacted Bermuda within a week of each otherNotes Edit A landfall occurs when the precise center of a storm crosses a coastline It is possible for a tropical cyclone to make a direct hit but not a landfall as with 2003 s Hurricane Fabian on Bermuda The swift arrival of Gonzalo made it difficult to determine an accurate damage total for Fay alone 2 References Edit Daniel P Brown March 4 2015 Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Gonzalo PDF Report National Hurricane Center Retrieved November 1 2015 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Todd B Kimberlain December 17 2014 Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Fay PDF Report National Hurricane Center Retrieved January 2 2015 a b c d Todd B Kimberlain October 10 2014 Subtropical Depression Seven Discussion Number 1 Report National Hurricane Center Archived from the original on October 2 2015 Retrieved October 15 2014 Michael J Brennan October 10 2014 Subtropical Storm Fay Special Discussion Number 3 Report National Hurricane Center Archived from the original on December 8 2015 Retrieved October 10 2014 Michael J Brennan October 10 2014 Subtropical Storm Fay Discussion Number 4 Report National Hurricane Center Archived from the original on December 8 2015 Retrieved October 15 2014 Stacy R Stewart October 11 2014 Tropical Storm Fay Discussion Number 6 Report National Hurricane Center Archived from the original on December 8 2015 Retrieved October 15 2014 Michael J Brennan October 11 2014 Tropical Storm Fay Discussion Number 8 Report National Hurricane Center Archived from the original on December 8 2015 Retrieved October 15 2014 Lixion A Avila October 12 2014 Tropical Storm Fay Discussion Number 10 Report National Hurricane Center Archived from the original on October 2 2015 Retrieved October 15 2014 David P Roberts October 13 2014 Tropical Storm Fay Discussion Number 13 Report National Hurricane Center Archived from the original on October 2 2015 Retrieved October 15 2014 John P Cangialosi October 13 2014 Remnants of Fay Discussion Number 15 Report National Hurricane Center Archived from the original on October 2 2015 Retrieved October 15 2014 a b c d Raymond Hainey Jonathan Bell and Simon Jones October 13 2014 Island counts cost of Fay s fury The Royal Gazette Bermuda Archived from the original on October 15 2014 Retrieved October 16 2014 CS1 maint multiple names authors list link a b Clean up begins after Tropical Storm Fay batters Bermuda The Jamaica Observer October 12 2014 Archived from the original on November 22 2015 Retrieved October 15 2014 Simon Jones October 12 2014 Storm forces cruise delays The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on October 13 2014 Retrieved October 16 2014 a b c d Review of the Past Hurricane Season RA IV Hurricane Committee Thirty seventh session San Jose Costa Rica World Meteorological Organization April 13 17 2015 Doc 4 2 4 Report from Bermuda RA IV HC 37 Archived from the original DOC on June 18 2017 Retrieved October 31 2015 David McFadden October 12 2014 Tropical Storm Gonzalo takes aim at Caribbean ABC News Associated Press Archived from the original on October 23 2014 Retrieved October 15 2014 Hurricane Fay Recap The Weather Channel October 14 2014 Archived from the original on 2014 10 15 Retrieved October 15 2014 Jonathan Bell and Leanne McGrath October 15 2014 Belco may get outside support The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on June 4 2020 Retrieved October 15 2014 Sam Strangeways October 14 2014 Day of misery for boat owners The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on October 15 2014 Retrieved October 15 2014 Post storm update from city of Hamilton Bernews October 13 2014 Archived from the original on November 22 2015 Retrieved October 18 2014 Gardens and arboretum re opened after storms Bernews November 14 2014 Archived from the original on November 22 2015 Retrieved October 31 2015 Jonathan Bell and Simon Jones October 12 2014 Airport flooding causes rolling delays The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on October 13 2014 Retrieved October 16 2014 Jonathan Kent August 13 2015 Richards Why we really need a new terminal The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on August 14 2015 Retrieved September 23 2015 Simon Jones October 14 2014 Crops destroyed several farm animals killed The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on October 15 2014 Retrieved May 14 2015 Scott Neil September 15 2015 Hurricanes and newspaper s closure hit GDP The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on September 20 2015 Retrieved September 24 2015 Jonathan Bell October 20 2014 Gonzalo fell short of Fabian but TS Fay punched above her weight The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on October 21 2014 Retrieved October 20 2014 Major Hurricane Gonzalo targets Bermuda after killing 1 in St Maarten injuring 12 others in Antigua The Weather Channel October 15 2014 Archived from the original on November 4 2014 Retrieved October 15 2014 Olivia Demarinis October 15 2014 Hurricane takes aim at Bermuda Latin Post Archived from the original on July 21 2015 Retrieved October 16 2014 200 regiment soldiers help clean up after Fay Bernews October 13 2014 Archived from the original on May 18 2015 Retrieved May 15 2015 Owain Johnston Barnes October 16 2014 Belco 1 500 still without power The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on October 17 2014 Retrieved October 16 2014 Belco to dedicate some crews to Fay 1500 The Royal Gazette October 24 2014 Archived from the original on October 25 2014 Retrieved May 14 2015 Jonathan Bell October 24 2014 Electricity restoration encounters obstacles The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on October 25 2014 Retrieved May 15 2015 Jonathan Kent May 12 2015 Belco seeks electricity price increase The Royal Gazette Archived from the original on May 14 2015 Retrieved May 14 2015 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Hurricane Fay 2014 Video of Hurricane Fay s force as viewed from Bermuda s north shore Hurricane Fay advisory archive from the National Hurricane Center Videos from The Royal Gazette hosted on YouTube Tropical Storm Fay TS Fay St Georges TS Fay Clean Up Bermuda Photo gallery of storm damage from Bernews com hosted on ImgurRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Hurricane Fay amp oldid 1028611568, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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