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Help Your first article Language Watch Edit WP 1ST and WP FIRST redirect here For other uses see Wikipedia 1st disambiguation Writing an article Learn how you can create an article This page in a nutshell Wikipedia articles follow certain guidelines the topic should be notable and be covered in detail in good references from independent sources Wikipedia is an encyclopedia it is not a personal home page or a business list Do not copy content from other websites even if you your school or your boss owns them If you choose to create the article with only a limited knowledge of the standards here you should be aware that other editors may delete it if it s not considered appropriate ShortcutsWP YFAWP FIRSTH YFAH FIRSTWP 1STNew here Creating an article is one of the more difficult tasks on Wikipedia and you ll have a higher chance of success if you help us out with other tasks first to learn more about how Wikipedia works You can always come back to create an article later there is no deadline Welcome to Wikipedia Before starting a new article please review Wikipedia s notability requirements In short the topic of an article must have already been the subject of publication in reliable secondary entirely independent sources that treat the topic in substantive detail such as books newspapers magazines peer reviewed scholarly journals and websites that meet the same requirements as reputable print based sources Information on Wikipedia must be verifiable if no reliable third party sources can be found on a topic then it should not have a separate article Please search Wikipedia first to make sure that an article does not already exist on the subject An Article Wizard is available to help you create an article through the Articles for Creation process where it will be reviewed and considered for publication Please note that the backlog is long currently there are 4 556 pending submissions it often takes months The ability to create articles directly in the mainspace is restricted to editors with some experience For information on how to request a new article that can be created by someone else see Requested articles Please consider taking a look at our introductory tutorial or reviewing contributing to Wikipedia to learn the basics about editing Working on existing articles is a good way to learn our protocols and style conventions see the Task Center for a range of articles that need your assistance and tasks you can help out with Contents 1 The basics 2 Search for an existing article 3 Gathering references 4 Things to avoid 5 And be careful about 6 Are you closely connected to the article topic 7 Create your draft 8 And then what 8 1 Keep making improvements 8 2 Improve formatting 8 3 Avoid orphans 8 4 Add to a disambiguation page 9 Still need help 9 1 Read a traditional encyclopediaThe basicsFirst please be aware that Wikipedia is an encyclopedia written by volunteers Our mission is to share reliable knowledge to benefit people who want to learn We are not social media a place to promote a company or product or person to advocate for or against anyone or anything nor a place to first announce to the world information on topics that have not already been the subject of reliable publication Please keep this in mind always This is described in What Wikipedia is not We find accepted knowledge in high quality published sources By high quality we mean books by reputable publishers respected newspapers peer reviewed scientific and academic journals literature reviews and other sources with a reputation for fact checking and accuracy This means generally not using random personal websites blogs forum posts Facebook LinkedIn or Twitter content self published sources like open wikis including other Wikipedia articles etc We summarize such high quality published sources in Wikipedia articles That is all we do Please make sure that anything you write in Wikipedia is based on such sources not on what is in your head Here are some tips that can help you with your first article Register an account All you need is to choose a username and password This will give you various powers After a few days of editing articles it will give you the power to create a new one Practice first Before starting try editing existing articles to get a feel for writing and for using Wikipedia s mark up language we recommend that you first take a tour through the tutorial or review contributing to Wikipedia to learn editing basics Biographies of living people are among the most difficult articles to get right Consider starting with something easier Search Wikipedia to see if an article already exists on the subject perhaps under a different title If an article already exists feel free to make any constructive edits to improve it while citing the sources that verify your changes No article on the subject exists OK now you need to try to determine if the subject you want to write about is what we call notable in Wikipedia The question we ask is does this topic belong in an encyclopedia More than 200 articles are typically deleted from the English Wikipedia every day mostly because of lack of notability Please make sure your topic is notable by our definition before you spend time and effort on it An article on a non notable subject will be rejected or deleted No amount of editing can overcome a lack of notability We generally judge this by asking if there are at least three high quality sources that a have substantial discussion of the subject not just a mention and b are written and published independently of the subject so a company s website or press releases are not OK Everything here is based on high quality independent sources and without them we generally just cannot write an article By far the largest cause of frustration for a writer of a new article is caused by lack of notability Anything else can be corrected by improving an article but lack of notability means the article will not remain on Wikipedia regardless of how well written it is To avoid frustration start by determining notability before you spend any effort on an article If you are not sure if the subject you want to write about is notable you can ask questions at the Wikipedia Teahouse If those sources exist we also ask that you demonstrate that notability of the topic by citing these reliable secondary independent sources that treat the topic in substantive detail Doing so for all significant factual statements in an article is also necessary to meet another core content standard verifiability of information We cannot stress enough how important citing your sources is at Wikipedia it is at the heart of all of our core inclusion policies and guidelines In order to learn about how to do so we suggest starting with Help Referencing for beginners and Help Introduction to referencing and then seeing Wikipedia Citing sources for a more involved treatment noting that each contains see also sections linking to additional help pages guides and tutorials There is also a visual guide and a screencast available to walk you through aspects of citing your sources as well as a screencast demonstrating the referencing features of Wikipedia s editing toolbars Please be mindful of conflict of interest editing If you have one you will probably have a hard time writing a good enough Wikipedia article this is not about you it is just human nature However if you insist on trying you need to disclose your conflict of interest and try very hard not to allow your external interest to drive you to abuse Wikipedia Please try hard to hear the feedback from independent people who review any draft you create before it is published and made available in the main encyclopedia Your conflict of interest might lead you to believe something is notable when it isn t and to argue too hard for it to be published here The Article Wizard will help you create your article in Draft space and will put some useful templates into your draft including the button to click when you are ready to submit the draft for review Article Wizard An easy way to create articles These points are explained in further detail below If you are logged in and your account is autoconfirmed you can also use this box below to create an article by entering the article name in the box below and then clicking Create page Search for an existing articleThe English Wikipedia already has 6 317 019 articles Before creating an article try to make sure there is not already an article on the same topic perhaps under a slightly different name Search for the article and review Wikipedia s article titling policy before creating your first article If an article on your topic already exists but you think people might look for it under some different name or spelling learn how to create redirects to alternative titles adding needed redirects is a good way to help Wikipedia If you re not already autoconfirmed you can request a redirect to be created at Wikipedia Articles for creation Redirects and categories where a volunteer will review the request and if it seems like a plausible search term accept the redirect request Also remember to check the article s deletion log in order to avoid creating an article that has already been deleted In some cases the topic may be suitable even if deleted in the past the past deletion may have been because it was a copyright violation did not explain the importance of the topic or on other grounds addressed to the writing rather than the topic s suitability If a search does not find the topic consider broadening your search to find existing articles that might include the subject of your article For example if you want to write an article about a band member you might search for the band and then add information about your subject as a section within that broader article Is it new Type then click Go try title Gathering referencesGather sources for the information you will be writing about You will use references to establish notability and to cite particular facts References used to support notability must meet additional criteria beyond reliability References used for specific facts need not meet these additional criteria To be worthy of inclusion in an encyclopedia a subject must be sufficiently notable and that notability must be verifiable through citations to reliable sources As noted the sources you use must be reliable that is they must be sources that exercise some form of editorial control and have some reputation for fact checking and accuracy Print sources and web based versions of those sources tend to be the most reliable though some web only sources may also be reliable Examples might include but are not limited to books published by major publishing houses newspapers magazines peer reviewed scholarly journals websites of any of the above and other websites that meet the same requirements as a reputable print based source In general sources with no editorial control are not reliable These include but are not limited to books published by vanity presses self published zines blogs web forums Usenet discussions personal social media fan sites vanity websites that permit the creation of self promotional articles and other similar venues If anyone at all can post information without anyone else checking that information it is probably not reliable If there are reliable sources such as newspapers journals or books with extensive information published over an extended period about a subject then that subject is notable You must cite such sources as part of the process of creating or expanding the Wikipedia article as evidence of notability for evaluation by other editors If you cannot find such reliable sources that provide extensive and comprehensive information about your proposed subject then the subject is not notable or verifiable and almost certainly will be deleted So your first job is to go find references to cite There are many places to find reliable sources including your local library but if internet based sources are to be used start with books and news archive searches rather than a web search Once you have references for your article you can learn to place the references into the article by reading Help Referencing for beginners and Wikipedia Citing sources Do not worry too much about formatting citations properly It would be great if you did that but the main thing is to get references into the article even if they are not perfectly formatted Things to avoidShortcutWP AVOIDCREATE Main pages Wikipedia What Wikipedia is not and Wikipedia Avoiding common mistakes Articles about yourself your family or friends your website a band you re in your teacher a word you made up or a story you wrote If you or someone or something you are personally involved with is worthy of inclusion in the encyclopedia let someone else add that article Putting your friends in an encyclopedia may seem like a nice surprise or an amusing joke but those articles are likely to be removed In this process feelings may be hurt and you may be blocked from editing if you repeatedly make attempts to re create the article These things can be avoided by a little forethought on your part The article may remain if you have enough humility to make it neutral and the subject really is notable but even then it s best to submit a draft for approval and consensus of the community instead of just posting it since unconscious biases may still exist that you are unaware of Advertising Please do not try to promote your product or business Please do not post external links to your commercial website We do have articles about products such as Kleenex and Sharpies and about notable businesses such as McDonald s but if you are writing about a product or business be sure you write from a neutral point of view that you have no conflict of interest and that you are able to find references in reliable sources that are independent from the subject you are writing about For a business or similar organization make sure it meets the specific notability guidelines for businesses and read the FAQ for non profits and for profit businesses Attacks on a person or organization Material that violates our biographies of living persons policy or is intended to threaten defame or harass its subject or another entity is not permitted Unsourced negative information especially in articles about living people is quickly removed and attack pages may be deleted immediately Personal essays or original research Wikipedia surveys existing human knowledge it is not a place to publish new work Do not write articles that present your own original theories opinions or insights even if you can support them by reference to accepted work A common mistake is to present a novel synthesis of ideas in an article Remember just because both Fact A and Fact B are true does not mean that A caused B or vice versa fallacies or post hoc ergo propter hoc If the synthesis or causation is true locate and cite reliable sources that report the connection Non notable topics People frequently add pages to Wikipedia without considering whether the topic is really notable enough to go into an encyclopedia Because Wikipedia does not have the space limitations of paper based encyclopedias our notability policies and guidelines allow a wide range of articles however they do not allow every topic to be included A particularly common special case of this is pages about people companies or groups of people that do not substantiate the notability or importance of their subject with reliable sources so we have decided that such pages may be speedily deleted under our speedy deletion policy This can offend so please consider whether your chosen topic is notable enough for Wikipedia and then substantiate the notability or importance of your subject by citing those reliable sources in the process of creating your article Wikipedia is not a directory of everything in existence A single sentence or only a website link Articles need to have real content of their own See also List of bad article ideasAnd be careful about Copyright As a general rule do not copy paste text from other websites There are a few limited exceptions and a few words as part of a properly cited and clearly attributed quotation is OK Wikipedia Copy paste Copying things Do not violate copyrights Never copy paste text into a Wikipedia article unless it is a relatively short quotation placed in quotation marks and cited using an inline citation Even material that you are sure is in the public domain must be attributed to the source or the result while not a copyright violation is plagiarism Also note that most web pages are not in the public domain and that most song lyrics are not either In fact most things published after 1926 and almost all works written since January 1 1978 are automatically protected by copyright under the Copyright Act of 1976 even if they have no copyright notice or c symbol If you think what you are contributing is in the public domain say where you got it either in the article or on the discussion page and on the discussion page give the reason why you think it is in the public domain e g It was published in 1895 For more information see Wikipedia Copyrights which includes instructions for verifying permission to copy previously published text and our non free content guidelines for text Finally please note that superficial modification of material such as minor rewording is insufficient to avoid plagiarism and copyright violations See Wikipedia Close paraphrasing Good sources 1 have a reputation for reliability they are reliable sources 2 are independent of the subject 3 are verifiable by other editors Good research and citing your sources Articles written out of thin air may be better than nothing but they are hard to verify which is an important part of building a trusted reference work Please research with the best sources available and cite them properly Doing this along with not copying text will help avoid any possibility of plagiarism We welcome good short articles called stubs that can serve as launching pads from which others can take off stubs can be relatively short a few sentences but should provide some useful information If you do not have enough material to write a good stub you probably should not create an article At the end of a stub you should include a stub template like this stub Other Wikipedians will appreciate it if you use a more specific stub template like art stub See the list of stub types for a list of all specific stub templates Stubs help track articles that need expansion Articles or statements about living persons As with all topics articles written about living persons must be referenced so that they can be verified This requirement is enforced far more rigorously for any statements about a living or recently deceased person and reviewers are supposed to immediately remove any unreferenced material without discussion It is good practice to add your references as you write the article to avoid this immediate removal Advocacy and controversial material Please do not write articles that advocate one particular viewpoint on politics religion or anything else Understand what we mean by a neutral point of view before tackling this sort of topic Articles that contain different definitions of the topic Articles are primarily about what something is not any term s If the article is just about a word or phrase and especially if there are very different ways that a term is used it usually belongs in Wiktionary Instead try to write a good short first paragraph that defines one subject as well as some more material to go with it Organization Make sure there are incoming links to the new article from other Wikipedia articles click What links here in the toolbox and that the new article is included in at least one appropriate category see help category Otherwise it will be difficult for readers to find the article Local interest articles These are articles about places such as schools or streets that are of interest to a relatively small number of people such as alumni or people who live nearby There is no consensus about such articles but some will challenge them if they include nothing that shows how the place is special and different from tens of thousands of similar places Photographs add interest Try to give local interest articles local colour Third party sources are the only way to prove that the subject you are writing about is notable Breaking news events While Wikipedia accepts articles about notable recent events articles about breaking news events with no enduring notability are not appropriate for our project Consider writing such articles on our sister project Wikinews See Wikipedia Notability events for further information Editing on the wrong page If you re trying to create a new page you ll start with a completely empty edit box If you see text in the editing box that is filled with words you didn t write for example the contents of this page you re accidentally editing a pre existing page Don t use Publish changes to make your editions See Wikipedia How to create a page and start over Are you closely connected to the article topic Wikipedia is the encyclopedia that anyone can edit but there are special guidelines for editors who are paid or sponsored These guidelines are intended to prevent biased articles and maintain the public s trust that content in Wikipedia is impartial and has been added in good faith See Wikipedia s conflict of interest COI guideline The official guideline is that editors should be volunteers That means Wikipedia discourages editing articles about individuals companies organizations products services or political causes that pay you directly or indirectly This includes in house PR departments and marketing departments other company employees public relations firms and publicists social media consultants and online reputation management consultants However Wikipedia recognizes the large volume of good faith contributions by people who have some affiliation to the articles they work on Here are some ground rules Note that this is not necessarily a full list so use common sense when applying these rules If you break these rules or game the system your edits are likely to be reverted and the article s and your other edits may get extra scrutiny from other Wikipedia editors Your account may also be blocked Things to avoid Things to be careful about Great ways to contributeDon t add promotional language Don t remove negative or critical text from an article Don t make a group account for multiple people to share Don t neglect to disclose your affiliation on the article s talk page Maintain a neutral objective tone in any content you add or edit Cite independent reliable sources e g a major media article for any new statements you add even if you are confident a statement is true e g it is about your work make a statement only if it has been already published in a reliable source Make minor edits corrections to articles e g typos fixing links adding references to reliable sources If you are biased suggest new article text or edits on the article talk page not on the main article page Disclose your relationship to the client topic Edit using personal accounts Recruit help Seek out a sponsor volunteer editor who has worked on similar articles or submit ideas for article topics via Requested articles Note that this only covers conflicts of interest Editors are encouraged to write on topics related to their expertise e g a NASA engineer might write about Jupiter or an English professor might write about Mark Twain Also Wikipedians in residence or other interns who are paid hosted or otherwise sponsored by a scientific or cultural institution can upload content and write articles in partnership with curators indirectly providing positive branding for their hosts Create your draftFor an alternative way of creating a new Wikipedia article without creating a draft first see Wikipedia How to create a page It s always a good idea to draft your article before adding it to the main article space and it s required for very new contributors The article wizard will guide you through the steps of creating a draft Article wizard When you feel that the article is ready you can submit it for review by an experienced editor If there isn t already a Submit for review button on the draft you can add a href wiki Template Submit class mw redirect title Template Submit subst submit a to the top of the draft to submit it A reviewer will then look at your draft and move it to the main article space or give you feedback on how to improve it You can always edit the page even while waiting for a review Autoconfirmed users can publish their drafts to mainspace as Wikipedia articles via a pagemove as explained in Wikipedia Drafts Publishing a draft And then what WP AFTER1ST and WP AFTERFIRST redirect here For second step for proposed deletion see WP SECOND For policy about secondary source see WP 2ND Now that you have created the page there are still several things you can do ShortcutsWP AFTER1STWP AFTERFIRSTWP AFTERCREATE Keep making improvements Wikipedia is not finished Generally an article is nowhere near being completed the moment it is created There is a long way to go In fact it may take you several edits just to get it started If you have so much interest in the article you just created you may learn more about it in the future and accordingly have more to add This may be later today tomorrow or several months from now Any time go ahead Improve formatting To format your article correctly and expand it and possibly even make it featured see Wikipedia Tutorial to learn how to format your article Wikipedia Writing better articles Wikipedia The perfect article Wikipedia Lead section Others can freely contribute to the article when it has been saved The creator does not have special rights to control the later content See Wikipedia Ownership of articles Also to avoid getting frustrated or offended about the way others modify or remove your contributions see Wikipedia Don t be ashamed Avoid orphans An orphaned article is an article that has few or no other articles linking to it The main problem with an orphan is that it ll be unknown to others and it may get fewer readers if it is not de orphaned Most new articles are orphans from the moment they are created but you can work to change that This will involve editing one or more other articles Try searching Wikipedia for other pages referring to the subject of your article then turn those references into links by adding double brackets to either side and If another article has a word or phrase that has the same meaning as your new article that is not expressed using the exact same words as the title you can link that word or phrase as follows title of your new article word or phrase found in other article Or in certain cases you could create that word or phrase as a redirect to your new article One of the first things you want to do after creating a new article is to provide links to it so it will not be an orphan You can do that right away or if you find that exhausting you can wait a while provided that you keep the task in mind See Wikipedia Drawing attention to new pages to learn how to get others to see your new articles Add to a disambiguation page If the term is ambiguous meaning there are multiple pages using that or a similar title see if there is a disambiguation page for articles bearing that title If so add it to that page Still need help Help desk For a list of informative instructional and supportive pages see Help directory The best places to ask for assistance are at the Teahouse and at the main Help desk Click here to ask for help on your talk page A volunteer will visit you there shortly For a list of the services and assistance that can be requested on Wikipedia see Request departments Alternately you can ask a question through the Wikipedia wikipedia en help connect on IRC chat Wiki Education offers a library of trainings for novice Wikipedia editors and students Read a traditional encyclopedia Try to read traditional paper encyclopedia articles or good or featured articles on Wikipedia to get the layout style tone and other elements of encyclopedic content It is suggested that if you plan to write articles for an encyclopedia you have some background knowledge in formal writing as well as about the topic at hand A composition class in your high school or college is recommended before you start writing encyclopedia articles The World Book is a good place to start The goal of Wikipedia is to create an up to the moment encyclopedia on every notable subject imaginable Picture your article being published in a paper encyclopedia Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Help Your first article amp oldid 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