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Foreign relations of Estonia Language Watch Edit The Republic of Estonia gained its independence from the Russian Empire on 24 February 1918 and established diplomatic relations with many countries via membership of the League of Nations The forcible incorporation of Estonia into the Soviet Union in 1940 was not generally recognised by the international community and the Estonian diplomatic service continued to operate in some countries Following the restoration of independence from the Soviet Union Russia was one of the first nations to re recognize Estonia s independence the first country to do so was Iceland on 22 August 1991 Estonia s immediate priority after regaining its independence was the withdrawal of Russian formerly Soviet forces from Estonian territory In August 1994 this was completed However relations with Moscow have remained strained primarily because Russia decided not to ratify the border treaty it had signed with Estonia in 1999 Contents 1 Trends following re independence 2 International disputes 2 1 Territorial issues between Estonia and Russia 3 Diplomatic relationships 4 Relations by country 5 See also 6 ReferencesTrends following re independence EditSince regaining independence Estonia has pursued a foreign policy of close cooperation with Western European nations President Toomas Hendrik Ilves and President George W Bush in Estonia 2006 The two most important policy objectives in this regard have been accession into NATO and the European Union achieved in March and May 2004 respectively Estonia s international realignment toward the West has been accompanied by a general deterioration in relations with Russia most recently demonstrated by the controversy surrounding relocation of the Bronze Soldier WWII memorial in Tallinn 1 Estonia has become an increasingly strong supporter of deepening European integration The decision to participate in the preparation of a financial transaction tax in 2012 reflects this shift in Estonia s EU policy 2 An important element in Estonia s post independence reorientation has been closer ties with the Nordic countries especially Finland and Sweden Indeed Estonians consider themselves a Nordic people due to being Finno Ugric people like the Finns rather than Balts 3 4 based on their historical ties with Denmark and particularly Finland and Sweden In December 1999 Estonian foreign minister and since 2006 president of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves delivered a speech entitled Estonia as a Nordic Country to the Swedish Institute for International Affairs 5 In 2003 the foreign ministry also hosted an exhibit called Estonia Nordic with a Twist 6 And in 2005 Estonia joined the European Union s Nordic Battle Group It has also shown continued interest in becoming a full member in the Nordic Council Whereas in 1992 Russia accounted for 92 of Estonia s international trade 7 today there is extensive economic interdependence between Estonia and its Nordic neighbors three quarters of foreign investment in Estonia originates in the Nordic countries principally Finland and Sweden to which Estonia sends 42 of its exports as compared to 6 5 going to Russia 8 8 to Latvia and 4 7 to Lithuania On the other hand the Estonian political system its flat rate of income tax and its non welfare state model distinguish it from the other Nordic states and indeed from many other European countries 8 Estonia is a party to 181 international organizations including the BIS CBSS CE EAPC EBRD ECE EU member since 1 May 2004 FAO IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF International Maritime Organization Interpol IOC IOM observer ISO correspondent ITU ITUC NATO OPCW OSCE PFP UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNMIBH UNMIK UNTSO UPU WCO WEU associate partner WHO WIPO WMO WTO International disputes EditTerritorial issues between Estonia and Russia Edit Main article Territorial issues between Estonia and Russia Estonian President Kersti Kaljulaid with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow on 18 April 2019 After the dissolution of the Soviet Union Estonia had hoped for the return of more than 2 000 square kilometers of territory annexed to Russia after World War II in 1945 The annexed land had been within the borders Estonia approved by Russia in the 1920 Tartu Peace Treaty However the Boris Yeltsin government disavowed any responsibility for acts committed by the Soviet Union After signing the border treaty by the corresponding foreign minister in 2005 it was ratified by the Estonian government and president The Russian side interpreted the preamble as giving Estonia a possibility for future territorial claim and Vladimir Putin notified Estonia that Russia will not consider these Negotiations were reopened in 2012 and the Treaty was signed in February 2014 Ratification is still pending 9 Diplomatic relationships Edit Estonia foreign minister Marina Kaljurand meeting Iranian foreign minister Mohammad Javad Zarif 12 April 2016 Estonia established diplomatic relations with Kazakhstan on 27 May 1992 Estonia is represented in Kazakhstan through its embassy in Moscow Russia Kazakhstan is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Vilnius Lithuania citation needed Uruguay was among the countries that refused to recognize the Soviet occupation of the Baltic countries Uruguay re recognised Estonia s independence on 28 August 1991 Estonia and Uruguay established diplomatic relations on 30 September 1992 Estonia is represented in Uruguay through an honorary consulate in Montevideo Uruguay is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki Finland and an honorary consulate in Tallinn 10 Through diplomatic cooperation with Latvia Estonia opened an embassy in Cairo Egypt in March 2010 11 as settled in an agreement signed by Estonian Foreign Ministry Secretary General Marten Kokk and the Ambassador of the Republic of Latvia Karlis Eihenbaums on 5 January Foreign minister Urmas Paet established diplomatic relations with the government in Myanmar in September 2012 following the 2011 2012 Burmese political reforms 12 13 As of March 2015 after establishing relations with Tonga Estonia had still not established diplomatic relations with nine countries Bhutan Yemen Sudan South Sudan the Democratic Republic of the Congo North Korea Papua New Guinea Swaziland and Chad 14 In October 2016 Estonian Ambassador to Australia Andres Unga established diplomatic relations with Papua New Guinea 15 In January 2018 Foreign Minister Sven Mikser established diplomatic relations with Sudan 16 In July 2018 Estonian Ambassador to the UN Sven Jurgenson established diplomatic relations between Estonia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo 17 In September 2018 Mikser established diplomatic relations with Chad 18 Relations by country EditCountry Formal Relations Began Notes Afghanistan 1 July 2005 19 Albania 1 January 1992 Argentina 27 September 1991 Argentina is accredited to Estonia from its embassy in Helsinki Finland Estonia does not have an accreditation to Argentina Armenia 23 August 1992 Armenia is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Warsaw Poland and an honorary consulate in Tallinn Estonia is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Athens Greece and through an honorary consulate in Yerevan There are around 2 000 of Armenian descent living in Estonia 20 Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Armenia Australia 22 September 1921 See Australia Estonia relations Australia first recognised Estonia on 22 September 1921 Both countries re established diplomatic relations on 21 November 1991 Australia is represented in Estonia through a part time pop up embassy since 2018 21 Estonia is represented in Australia through its embassy in Canberra opened 1 January 2015 succeeding a non resident embassy based in Tokyo Japan and through three honorary consulates in Claremont Hobart and two in Sydney 22 Australia is host to one of the largest communities of Estonians abroad with 8 232 people identifying as Estonian in the 2006 Australian Census 23 24 Austria 26 June 1921 See Austria Estonia relations Austria recognised Estonia on 26 June 1921 Both countries re established diplomatic relations on 8 January 1992 Austria has an embassy in Tallinn Estonia has an embassy in Vienna and an honorary consulate in Salzburg 25 Austrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs list of bilateral treaties with Estonia in German only Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Austria Both countries are full members of the European Union Azerbaijan 20 April 1992 See Azerbaijan Estonia relations Belarus 6 April 1992 Belarus has a Consulate General in Tallinn 26 Estonia opened its Consulate General in Minsk on 21 July 1995 27 Belgium 26 January 1921 See Foreign relations of Belgium Belize 5 May 1999 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 5 May 1999 28 Estonia has an honorary consulate in Belize 29 Bolivia 8 September 1992 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 February 1993 Brazil September 1991 Brazil has an embassy in Tallinn Estonia does not have an accreditation to Brazil Bulgaria 20 May 1921 See Bulgaria Estonia relations Bulgaria recognised Estonia on 20 May 1921 and re recognised Estonia on 26 August 1991 Bulgaria is represented in Estonia through an honorary consulate in Tallinn Estonia has an honorary consulate in Sofia 30 Cambodia 31 August 2005 31 Canada 1922 See Foreign relations of Canada Canada has an embassy office in Tallinn 32 Estonia has an embassy in Ottawa 33 Chile 22 September 1921 See Chile Estonia relations Chile first recognised Estonia on 22 September 1921 Chile re recognised Estonia on 28 August 1991 and diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on 27 September 1991 Chile is represented in Estonia through its ambassador who resides in Helsinki Finland and through an honorary consulate in Tallinn Estonia is represented in Chile through an honorary consulate in Santiago The current Chilean ambassador to Estonia Carlos Parra Merino officially presented his credentials to the Estonian President Toomas Hendrik Ilves in June 2007 34 Carlos Parra Merino resides in Helsinki An agreement on visa free travel between Estonia and Chile came into force on 2 December 2000 35 36 37 The two countries also have in force a Memorandum on co operation between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs 35 Agreements on cultural tourism and IT cooperation are being readied 35 Chile is among Estonia s most important foreign trade partners in South America 38 In 2007 trade between Estonia and Chile was valued at 6 3 million EUR Estonian exports included mainly machinery mechanical equipment and mineral fuels Chilean exports included mainly wine fish crustaceans and fruit In 2004 83 of Chilean exports to Estonia then totaling 2 4 million EUR consisted of wine 35 In 2008 Chilean wines held the highest share of Estonia s imported wine market followed by Spanish wines 39 Due to its climate being unsuitable for large scale grape production most wine sold in Estonia is imported In 2006 Estonia and Chile issued the joint Antarctic themed stamp series designed by Ulle Marks and Juri Kass bearing images of the Emperor penguin and the minke whale 40 The works of Chilean writers Isabel Allende Pablo Neruda and Jose Donoso have been translated into Estonian 35 China 11 September 1991 China has an embassy in Tallinn Estonia has an embassy in Beijing In June 2020 Estonia openly opposed the Hong Kong national security law 41 Colombia 22 September 1921 Colombia first recognised Estonia on 22 September 1921 and re recognised the restored Republic of Estonia on 23 March 1994 Colombia is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Warsaw Poland Estonia does not have an accreditation to Colombia Colombia defines Estonia as a major ally and key player on Colombia s accession into the OECD and ratification of the Colombia European Union Trade Agreement 42 Costa Rica 4 October 1993 43 Croatia 2 March 1992 See Croatia Estonia relations Estonia has an embassy in Budapest Hungary which serves to represent the country in Croatia Croatia has an embassy in Helsinki Finland which serves to represent the country in Estonia In 2000 the two countries mutually ended the visa regimes for citizens travelling between the two states 44 In September 2008 the Estonian prime minister Andrus Ansip made a state visit to Croatia in which he supported the country on its way toward NATO and EU membership 45 Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affaires and European Integration list of bilateral treaties with Estonia Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Croatia Cuba 12 November 1991 46 Cyprus 22 January 1992 See Cyprus Estonia relations Czech Republic 9 September 1991 See Foreign relations of the Czech Republic Denmark 1921 See Denmark Estonia relations Egypt 1937 Egypt first recognised Estonia in 1937 Egypt re recognised Estonia on 6 September 1991 Egypt is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki Finland 47 Estonia is represented in Egypt through a non resident ambassador based in Tallinn in the Foreign Ministry Estonian interests in Egypt are represented by the Swedish embassy in Cairo Both countries are full members of the Union for the Mediterranean January 2005 Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs Kristiina Ojuland s visit to Egypt November 2005 Prime Minister of Estonia Andrus Ansip in Barcelona at the Euromed Summit met with Egyptian Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif December 2007 Prime Minister of Estonia Andrus Ansip met with Egyptian Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif in the framework of the EU African Union Summit in Lisbon Estonian Ministry of foreign Affairs about the relation with Egypt Special Mission of the Republic of Estonia to the Arab Republic of Egypt Ethiopia 23 August 2005 48 Finland 20 June 1920 See Estonia Finland relations Finland first recognised Estonia on 20 June 1920 Finland has an embassy in Tallinn and an honorary consulate in Tartu Estonia has an embassy in Helsinki and six honorary consulates in Kotka Mariehamn Oulu Tampere Turku and Vaasa 49 Both countries are full members of the Council of the Baltic Sea States and of the European Union France 26 January 1921 France recognised Estonia on 26 January 1921 France never recognised the Soviet occupation of Estonia France re stated its recognition on 25 August 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Paris and 4 honorary consulates in Lille Lyon Nancy and Toulouse 50 France has an embassy in Tallinn 51 France has its French Institute of Estonia in Tallinn Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with France French Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Estonia Georgia 17 June 1992 Georgia recognised the restored Republic of Estonia on 27 August 1991 Since July 2006 Estonia has an embassy in Tbilisi Since April 2007 Georgia has an embassy in Tallinn Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Georgia Georgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Estonia Germany 28 August 1991 52 See Estonia Germany relations Estonia has an embassy in Berlin Germany has an embassy in Tallinn Both countries are full members of the European Union and NATO Greece 19 May 1922 See Estonia Greece relations Greece recognised Estonia on 19 May 1922 Greece never recognised the Soviet annexation of Estonia In April 1997 Estonia established an embassy in Athens The Greek embassy in Tallinn opened in January 2005 Both countries are full members of NATO and the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Greece Greek Foreign Affairs Ministry about relations with Estonia Guyana 19 April 1997 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 19 April 1997 53 Holy See 10 October 1921 Estonia is represented in the Vatican through a non resident ambassador a based in Tallinn in the Foreign Ministry 54 The Holy See is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Vilnius Lithuania 55 In September 1993 Pope John Paul II visited Estonia Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the bilateral relations with the Vatican Hungary 24 February 1921 Hungary recognised Estonia on 24 February 1921 Estonia has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Budapest 56 Hungary has an embassy in Tallinn and two honorary consulates in Tallinn and Tartu 57 Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union Estonia Ministry of Foreign affairs about relations with Hungary Iceland 30 January 1922 Iceland was the first country to re recognised Estonia s independence on 22 August 1991 According to Lennart Meri Iceland has a great role in changing the world in 1991 as an icebreaker because Iceland reminded everyone of lost values Estonia is represented in Iceland through its embassy in Oslo Norway and an honorary consulate in Reykjavik Iceland is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki Finland 58 Both countries are full members of NATO of the Council of Europe and of the Council of the Baltic Sea States Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Iceland India 22 September 1921 See Estonia India relations India first recognised Estonia on 22 September 1921 India re recognised Estonia on 9 September 1991 Estonia is represented in India by two honorary consulates in Mumbai and New Delhi India is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki Finland and through an honorary consulate in Tallinn Indonesia 5 July 1993 59 Iran 22 September 1921 60 Iran recognised Estonia on 22 September 1921 Iran has never recognised the occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union Iran re recognised Estonia on 10 September 1991 Both countries re established diplomatic relations on 18 August 1992 Iran s embassy in Helsinki is accredited to Estonia Iraq 22 April 2005 61 Ireland 27 August 1991 Ireland recognised Estonia on 27 August 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Dublin Ireland has an embassy in Tallinn Both countries are full members of the European Union There are around 2 400 Estonians living in Ireland Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Ireland Israel 9 January 1992 Israel recognised Estonia on 4 September 1991 Estonia is represented in Israel by a non resident ambassador based in Tallinn in the Foreign Ministry Israel is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki Finland 62 Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Israel Italy 26 January 1921 Italy recognised Estonia on 26 January 1921 Italy re recognised Estonia on 27 August 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Rome and six honorary consulates in Cagliari Florence Genoa Milan Naples and Turin 63 Italy has an embassy in Tallinn 64 Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Italy Japan 26 January 1921 The Estonian embassy in Tokyo was built in 1996 65 The Japanese embassy in Tallinn opened in 1993 66 Japan has financed several smaller projects in Estonia related to culture and education 67 Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Japan Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Estonia Kazakhstan 27 May 1992 68 Kosovo 24 April 2008 See Estonia Kosovo relations Estonia recognised Kosovo on 21 February 2008 Kuwait 28 October 1994 69 Kyrgyzstan 1996 Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1996 70 Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe Latvia 3 December 1918 See Estonia Latvia relations Estonia has an embassy in Riga Latvia has an embassy in Tallinn The two states share 343 km of common borders citation needed They enjoy close relations sharing a common history of relations in the USSR and being neighbours 71 Lesotho 2012 Both countries established diplomatic relations in September 2012 72 Lithuania 1919 See Estonia Lithuania relations Estonia has an embassy in Vilnius 73 Lithuania has an embassy in Tallinn 74 Until 31 July 2016 the Estonian ambassador to Lithuania was Toomas Kukk Both countries are situated in the Baltic region and are the full members of NATO and EU Luxembourg 22 February 1923 Luxembourg recognised Estonia on 22 February 1923 and re recognised Estonia on 27 August 1991 75 Both countries re established diplomatic relations on 29 August 1991 75 Estonia is represented in Luxembourg through its embassy in Brussels Belgium and an honorary consulate in Luxembourg 75 Luxembourg is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Prague Czech Republic 75 As of 31 December 2007 foreign investments made in Estonia originating from Luxembourg totaled 225 million EUR accounting for 2 of the total volume of foreign direct investments Luxembourg took 10th place in the general ranking of the countries Investments from Luxembourg were made primarily in real estate rental and business activity 46 wholesale and retail trade 34 and financial intermediation 15 The rest were made in the transportation and communication sector and the manufacturing industry As of the same date Estonian direct investments in Luxembourg totaled 1 1 million EUR and were mostly made in the financial and real estate sectors 75 There are about 300 Estonians living in Luxembourg 75 Trade agreement between Estonia and Belgium and Luxembourg 1935 76 Agreement on Road Transport between Estonia Latvia Lithuania Belgium Luxembourg and the Netherlands came into force 1 December 1994 77 Agreement Between Estonia and the Belgo Luxembourg Economic Union on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investments came into force 23 September 1999 78 Agreement Between Estonia and the States of Benelux on Readmission of Persons came into force 1 February 2005 Agreement on the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Income and Capital Tax evasion signed 23 May 2006 79 80 Malaysia 4 November 1993 See Estonia Malaysia relations Estonia has an honorary consul in Kuala Lumpur 81 82 83 Malaysia s embassy in Helsinki is accredited to Estonia 84 Malaysia recognised the independence of Estonia on 11 September 1991 shortly after the dissolution of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic on 20 August 1991 84 Relations between the two countries have been established since 4 November 1993 84 Malta 1 January 1992 Malta recognised Estonia on 26 August 1991 Estonia is represented in Malta through its embassy in Rome Italy 85 Malta is represented in Estonia through a non resident embassy based in Valletta in the Foreign Affairs Ministry and through an honorary consulate in Tallinn 86 Both countries are full members of the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Malta Mexico 28 January 1937 See Estonia Mexico relations Estonia and Mexico signed a friendship treaty on 28 January 1937 Mexico was among those countries that never recognized Estonia s annexation by the Soviet Union Mexico recognized the restored Republic of Estonia on 5 September 1991 while diplomatic relations were re established on 5 December 1991 87 Estonia is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington D C United States and maintains honorary consulates in Mexico City and in Tampico 88 Mexico is accredited to Estonia from its embassy in Helsinki Finland and maintains an honorary consulate in Tallinn 89 Moldova 10 November 1992 Moldova recognised Estonia on 28 August 1991 and Estonia recognised Moldova on 20 February 1992 Estonia is represented in Moldova through its embassy in Kyiv Ukraine and through an honorary consulate in Chisinău Moldova has an embassy in Tallinn Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Moldova Moldovan Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Estonia Mongolia 20 October 1991 Estonia has an honorary consulate in Ulaanbaatar 90 Montenegro 13 June 2006 91 Morocco 22 June 1992 92 Netherlands 5 March 1921 The Netherlands recognised Estonia on 5 March 1921 After the end of Soviet occupation the Netherlands re recognised Estonia on 2 September 1991 Estonia has an embassy in The Hague and two honorary consulates in Curacao and Rotterdam 93 The Netherlands has an embassy in Tallinn 94 Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with the Netherlands Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relation with Estonia in Dutch only permanent dead link New Zealand 6 January 1992 95 North Macedonia 2 March 1995 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 2 March 1995 96 Norway 5 February 1921 Norway recognised Estonia on 5 February 1921 Norway never recognised the annexation of the Baltic States by the Soviet Union Estonia has an embassy in Oslo and three honorary consulates in Trondheim Tromso and Stavanger 97 Norway has an embassy in Tallinn 98 Both countries are full members of the Council of the Baltic Sea States Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Norway North Korea N A See Foreign relations of North Korea Estonia does not recognize North Korea as a sovereign state Oman 23 September 1992 99 Pakistan 20 September 1993 100 Poland 31 December 1920 See Estonia Poland relations Poland recognised Estonia s independence on 31 December 1920 and re recognised it on 26 August 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Warsaw and three honorary consulates in Szczecin Poznan and Krakow 101 Poland has an embassy in Tallinn 102 Both countries are full members of the Council of the Baltic Sea States of NATO and of the European Union Estonia Ministry of Foreign affairs about relations with Poland Portugal 6 February 1921 Portugal recognised Estonia de facto in 1918 and de jure on 6 February 1921 Portugal never recognised the occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union Portugal re recognised the Republic of Estonia on 27 August 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Lisbon and two honorary consualtes in Porto and Tavira 103 104 Portugal has an embassy in Tallinn Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Portugal Romania 26 February 1921 Romania recognised Estonia s independence on 26 February 1921 Estonia is represented in Romania through its embassy in Warsaw Poland Estonia plans on opening an honorary consulate in Bucharest in the coming years Romania is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki Finland and an honorary consulate in Tallinn 105 Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Romania Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Estonia Russia 2 February 1920 See Estonia Russia relations and Chechen Estonia relations Russia recognised Estonia via the Tartu Peace Treaty on 2 February 1920 Russian Estonian relations were re established in January 1991 when presidents Boris Yeltsin of RSFSR and Arnold Ruutel of the Republic of Estonia met in Tallinn and signed a treaty governing the relations of the two countries after the anticipated independence of Estonia from the Soviet Union 106 107 The treaty guaranteed the right to freely choose their citizenship for all residents of the former Estonian SSR Russia re recognised the Republic of Estonia on 24 August 1991 after the failed Soviet coup attempt as one of the first countries to do so The Soviet Union recognised the independence of Estonia on 6 September Estonia s ties with Boris Yeltsin weakened since the Russian leader s initial show of solidarity with the Baltic states in January 1991 Issues surrounding the withdrawal of Russian troops from the Baltic republics and Estonia s denial of automatic citizenship to persons who settled in Estonia in 1941 1991 and offspring 108 ranked high on the list of points of contention Saint Kitts and Nevis 2009 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 September 2009 109 Samoa 2009 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 23 January 2009 110 Serbia 9 February 2001 Estonia is represented in Serbia through a non resident ambassador based in Tallinn in the Foreign Ministry Serbia is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki Finland Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Serbia Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Estonia Archived 21 December 2012 at archive today Slovakia 30 March 1993 Estonia recognised Slovakia on 15 January 1993 Estonia is represented in Slovakia through its embassy in Vienna Austria Slovakia is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Riga Latvia and an honorary consulate in Tallinn Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Slovakia South Korea 17 September 1991 See Estonia South Korea relations The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Estonia and the Republic of Korea began on 1991 09 17 The two nations have good relations Estonian embassy in Seoul 111 In 2006 South Korea was ranked as Estonia s 35th export partner and 29th import partner Estonia s exports to the Republic of Korea consist primarily of machinery and mechanical appliances and wood items The main import articles are transport vehicles and mechanical inventory The total value of exports to the Republic of Korea in 2006 was 19 2 million Euros while imports totalled 34 6 million EUR 112 Bilateral Trade in 2014 Exports 123 000 000 US dollars Imports 344 000 000 US dollars Number of South Koreans living in the Republic of Estonia in 2012 was 16 Estonian MFA about the relation with South Korea in Estonian only South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade about relations with Estonia Foreign relations of South Korea Europe Foreign relations of South Korea Foreign relations of the Republic of Korea 113 Spain 25 March 1921 See Estonia Spain relations Spain recognised Estonia in 1921 Spain renewed its recognition of Estonia on 27 August 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Madrid and two honorary consulates in Barcelona and Sevilla 114 115 Spain has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Tallinn 116 Both countries are full members of NATO and of the European Union Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relations with Spain Spanish Ministry of Foreign Relations about the relation with Estonia in Spanish only Sri Lanka 31 January 1996 See Estonia Sri Lanka relations Sri Lanka recognised Estonia on 10 October 1991 Sri Lanka has an embassy in Stockholm which serves Estonia Estonia has no embassy for Sri Lanka Economic relations between Sri Lanka and Estonia are at a moderate level Sweden See Estonia Sweden relations Estonia was under Swedish rule between 1561 and 1721 Sweden re recognised Estonia on 27 August 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Stockholm and five honorary consulates in Eskilstuna Gothenburg Karlskrona Malmo and Visby Sweden has an embassy in Tallinn and two honorary consulates in Narva and Tartu Switzerland 4 September 1991 117 Tajikistan 2006 Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2006 118 Both countries are full members of the Organization for Security and Co operation in Europe Thailand 22 October 1921 See Foreign relations of Thailand Thailand then Siam first recognised Estonia on 22 October 1921 119 Both countries re established diplomatic relations on 27 April 1992 Thailand is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Stockholm Sweden Estonia is represented in Thailand through its consulates in Bangkok and Phuket 120 Tonga 13 March 2015 Both countries established diplomatic relations on 13 March 2015 121 Turkey 23 October 1991 122 See Estonia Turkey relations Turkey recognised Estonia on 23 October 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Ankara Turkey has an embassy in Tallinn Both countries are full members of the NATO Turkmenistan 26 August 1994 123 Ukraine 4 January 1992 Ukraine recognised Estonia on 26 August 1991 Estonia has an embassy in Kyiv 124 Ukraine has an embassy in Tallinn 125 Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Ukraine The contractual and legal framework of relations between Ukraine and Estonia covers a wide range of branches of bilateral cooperation including political trade and economic scientific and technical humanitarian law enforcement and other spheres This base is ramified and efficient enough and includes 53 bilateral documents among which are 3 interstate agreements 15 intergovernmental and 35 interdepartmental Ukraine and Estonia bring together common aspirations in the political economic social and other spheres Recognizing Ukraine as its foreign policy priority Estonia is one of the most consistent supporters of Ukraine s European choice supported the signing of the Agreement on the Association of Ukraine with the EU Intensive bilateral contacts between state and non governmental institutions are developing and interaction within the framework of international organizations is active At the state level the important role played by Ukraine in ensuring stability and security in Europe is constantly stressed Estonia supports political and socio economic reforms in Ukraine provides substantial humanitarian financial and advisory and technical assistance United Arab Emirates 28 March 2006 126 United Kingdom 5 February 1921 See Estonia United Kingdom relations Estonia has an embassy in London and honorary consulates in Aberdeen Belfast Cheltenham Edinburgh Leeds Paisley and Jersey 127 The United Kingdom has an embassy in Tallinn 128 Both countries are now full members of NATO HM Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom paid a state visit to Estonia in October 2006 129 Prince Harry also made a state visit in May 2014 and paid tribute to Estonia s war dead 130 Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with the United Kingdom British Foreign and Commonwealth Office about relations with Estonia United States 22 July 1922 See Estonia United States relations Estonia has an embassy in Washington D C and consulates general in New York City and San Francisco 88 The United States has an embassy in Tallinn 131 Uzbekistan 10 October 1994 132 Vietnam See Estonia Vietnam relationsSee also EditList of diplomatic missions in Estonia List of diplomatic missions of Estonia List of ambassadors to Estonia List of envoys of Estonia Visa requirements for Estonian citizensReferences Edit Estonia blames Russia for unrest BBC News 29 April 2007 Retrieved 2 May 2010 Estonia strives to be at the core of the EU The Finnish Institute of International Affairs 17 October 2012 Retrieved 14 January 2013 Estonian foreign ministry publication Archived 25 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine 2004 Estonian foreign ministry publication Archived 7 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine 2002 NATO NATO Estonia as a Nordic Country Estonia Nordic with a Twist Archived from the original on 8 February 2008 The Estonian Economic Miracle The Heritage Foundation Retrieved 20 February 2015 Archived copy PDF Archived from the original PDF on 7 March 2008 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Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with South Korea Archived from the original on 18 July 2007 3 Estonian Embassy in Spain Archived from the original on 20 February 2015 Retrieved 20 February 2015 Avaleht Valisministeerium vm ee Archived from the original on 3 August 2007 Spanish embassy in Tallinn in Spanish only Archived from the original on 2 June 2009 Switzerland Ministry of Foreign Affairs vm ee Tajikistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs vm ee Estonian and Thaiand Archived from the original on 5 January 2015 Retrieved 5 January 2015 EU Countries not Represented in Thaiand PDF Archived from the original PDF on 18 December 2014 Retrieved 4 January 2015 Diplomatic ties with Tonga signed 9 more nations to go ERR Retrieved 13 March 2015 Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs vm ee Turkmenistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs vm ee Estonian Embassy in Kiev Retrieved 20 February 2015 The Embassy of Ukraine to the Republic of Estonia Archived from the original on 24 September 2015 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