Barrackpore Trunk Road, commonly known as BT Road, is a four and six-lane trunk road in Kolkata metropolitan area, West Bengal, India. It connects Kolkata with its suburb Barrackpore. Built in 1775, it is the oldest metalled road and one of the busiest roads in the country. The 18.1 km (11.2 mi) long road is a part of both State Highway 1 and State Highway 2.
|Barrackpore Trunk Road|
Barrackpore was the first British cantonment in India, set up in 1772. To connect it with the then country capital, Calcutta, the trunk road was built in 1775; it was the first metalled road in India and is also one of the busiest roads in the country.
Later the areas like Khardah, Sodepur and Titagarh, along BT Road grew into industrial zones. Some of the notable mills were Mohini Mills in Belghoria, Basanti Cotton Mills in Khardah Jute Mill etc. But during the late 1970–80s, deindustrialization began under the then Chief Minister Jyoti Basu's tenure in the state. This led to a shift from heavy industries to small and cottage industries, with many of the industrial developments on the road closing. Gradually, property developers took up the vacant lands and built housing infrastructure along the road. The announcement of metro projects also increased the demand of residential properties.
Some major institutes and campuses like Indian Statistical Institute, a Statistical Laboratory set up by Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in Kolkata; Rabindra Bharati University, a public research university; College of Medicine & Sagore Dutta Hospital, a referral government hospital, medical college and research institute; University of Calcutta B. T. Road Campus, a collegiate public state research university; are situated on Barrackpore Trunk Road.
Other notable landmarks include the Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals, Panihati factory; NCERT Production-cum-Distribution Centre, Panihati; Texmaco Rail & Engineering Ltd., Belgharia; and CESC Titagarh generating station.
The Baranagar–Barrackpore Line (or Line 5) is a 12.45 km (7.74 mi) northward extension of the Kolkata Metro network along BT Road with Baranagar metro station serving as the interchange between Line 1 and Line 5. It was sanctioned at a cost of ₹2,069.6 crore (equivalent to ₹37 billion or US$520 million in 2019) in the 2010–2011 budget. This line was meant to enable a quick commute from the northernmost suburbs to South Kolkata.
Although the work never started as the Government of West Bengal had proposed for realignment of the line via Kalyani Expressway, due to the presence of arterial water pipelines under BT Road, that supply water to Kolkata. The construction work might damage the water pipelines, cutting off the city's water supply. It might also create huge traffic congestion along the busy road. As of May 2021, only Shyambazar and Baranagar metro station are connected with the trunk road.
Potable water pipeline connections from Palta Waterworks to Kolkata, along the BT Road, existed since the late 1860s. After the construction of the Tala tank, it was joined with 42 in (110 cm) diameter cast iron pipes. Today there are six pipelines of 42–70 in (110–180 cm) diameter, under BT Road connecting the Tala reservoir with Palta. It also carries water pipes of other municipalities like Sodepur and Panihati.
The entire route is in West Bengal.
Media related to Barrackpore Trunk Road at Wikimedia Commons
NiNa.Az » Free Services » Wikipedia
Barrackpore Trunk Road Language Watch Edit For other uses see Barrackpore disambiguation Barrackpore Trunk Road commonly known as BT Road is a four and six lane trunk road in Kolkata metropolitan area West Bengal India It connects Kolkata with its suburb Barrackpore Built in 1775 it is the oldest metalled road and one of the busiest roads in the country The 18 1 km 11 2 mi long road is a part of both State Highway 1 and State Highway 2 Barrackpore Trunk RoadBT RoadBarrackpore Trunk Road highlighted in redBT Road PanihatiRoute informationLength18 1 km 11 2 mi Existed1775 presentMajor junctionsFromBarrackporeToShyambazarLocationStatesWest BengalDistrictsKolkata and North 24 ParganasHighway systemRoads in IndiaExpressways National State Barrackpore Trunk Road has multiple institutes and other landmarks along it like the Indian Statistical Institute and Rabindra Bharati University Once the areas around the road were industrial zones but gradually residential areas sprawled and replaced the industries The city s 160 year old water supply pipeline runs under the road An elevated metro line was planned in 2010 2011 over the road from Baranagar to Barrackpore It has a major intersection at Dunlop Contents 1 Route description 2 History 3 Landmarks 3 1 Institutes 3 2 Other landmarks 4 Kolkata Metro 5 Palta Tala pipeline 6 Major intersections 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksRoute description EditThe 18 1 kilometre 11 2 mile 1 trunk road starts from the Shyambazar 5 point crossing in North Kolkata goes straight northward and ends at Barrackpore Chiria More near the office of the Barrackpore Police Commissionerate It serves the Tala Sinthee Baranagar Dunlop Belgharia Kamarhati Agarpara Panihati Sodepur Sukchar Khardaha Titagarh areas under the municipalities of Barrackpore Titagarh Khardaha Panihati Kamarhati Baranagar and Kolkata Municipal Corporation 2 The West Bengal State Highway 1 and State Highway 2 runs through it 3 It is mainly a six lane road of 21 m 69 ft width between Shyambazar and Kamarhati except some parts having four lanes The traffic volume on the trunk road was less than 7 000 passenger car units a day in the late 1990s which had increased to 12 000 passenger car units a day in 2010 A six lane flyover is planned between Tallah Bridge and Dunlop to decongest the BT Road 4 5 Barrackpore Trunk Road at Dunlop More Dunlop More is a T shaped major intersection in the route There it passes under the Belghoria Expressway AH1 The branched out road from BT Road at Dunlop joins the Belghoria Expressway which further connects with National Highway 16 and 19 on the other side of Hooghly River It also has a one way flyover from the branched road which joins BT Road on the Shyambazar facing lane 6 Barrackpore Trunk Road passes under Kolkata Metro Line 1 and Chord Link Line Kolkata Suburban Railway and has an interchange facility with Baranagar metro station 7 and Baranagar Road railway station 8 respectively at Dunlop 5 History EditBarrackpore was the first British cantonment in India set up in 1772 9 10 To connect it with the then country capital Calcutta the trunk road was built in 1775 it was the first metalled road in India and is also one of the busiest roads in the country 11 12 Later the areas like Khardah Sodepur and Titagarh along BT Road grew into industrial zones Some of the notable mills were Mohini Mills in Belghoria Basanti Cotton Mills in Khardah Jute Mill etc But during the late 1970 80s deindustrialization began under the then Chief Minister Jyoti Basu s tenure in the state 13 This led to a shift from heavy industries to small and cottage industries with many of the industrial developments on the road closing Gradually property developers took up the vacant lands and built housing infrastructure along the road 14 The announcement of metro projects also increased the demand of residential properties 15 16 Landmarks EditInstitutes Edit Academic building of Indian Statistical Institute on B T Road Bonhooghly Some major institutes and campuses like Indian Statistical Institute a Statistical Laboratory set up by Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis in Kolkata 17 Rabindra Bharati University a public research university 18 College of Medicine amp Sagore Dutta Hospital a referral government hospital medical college and research institute 19 University of Calcutta B T Road Campus a collegiate public state research university 20 are situated on Barrackpore Trunk Road Other landmarks Edit Other notable landmarks include the Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Panihati factory 21 NCERT Production cum Distribution Centre Panihati 22 Texmaco Rail amp Engineering Ltd Belgharia 23 and CESC Titagarh generating station 24 Kolkata Metro EditMain article Kolkata Metro Line 5 Baranagar Road railway station and Baranagar metro station behind The Baranagar Barrackpore Line or Line 5 is a 12 45 km 7 74 mi northward extension of the Kolkata Metro network along BT Road with Baranagar metro station serving as the interchange between Line 1 and Line 5 It was sanctioned at a cost of 2 069 6 crore equivalent to 37 billion or US 520 million in 2019 in the 2010 2011 budget This line was meant to enable a quick commute from the northernmost suburbs to South Kolkata 25 15 Although the work never started as the Government of West Bengal had proposed for realignment of the line via Kalyani Expressway due to the presence of arterial water pipelines under BT Road that supply water to Kolkata The construction work might damage the water pipelines cutting off the city s water supply It might also create huge traffic congestion along the busy road 15 26 27 As of May 2021 only Shyambazar and Baranagar metro station are connected with the trunk road Palta Tala pipeline EditMain article Tala tank Potable water pipeline connections from Palta Waterworks to Kolkata along the BT Road existed since the late 1860s After the construction of the Tala tank it was joined with 42 in 110 cm diameter cast iron pipes 28 29 Today there are six pipelines of 42 70 in 110 180 cm diameter under BT Road connecting the Tala reservoir with Palta 30 It also carries water pipes of other municipalities like Sodepur and Panihati 15 Major intersections Edit Barrackpore Trunk Road end at Shyambazar 5 point crossing The entire route is in West Bengal Location Distance Destinations NotesShyambazar 0 0 km 0 mi Southern terminusDunlop 5 77 km 3 59 mi Belghoria ExpresswayBarrackpore 18 1 km 11 2 mi State Highway 1 State Highway 2 Northern terminusSee also EditJessore Road National Highway 12 India DakshineswarReferences Edit List of roads maintained by different divisions in North 24 Parganas District PDF West Bengal Public Works Department p 22 Retrieved 31 May 2021 Barrackpore City Police barrackporecitypolice in Retrieved 29 May 2021 District Highway Road Map West Bengal Highway Development Corporation Limited Retrieved 1 June 2021 High bet on BT Road The Telegraph 22 September 2017 Retrieved 3 June 2021 a b Barrackpore Trunk Road Google Maps 1 June 2021 Retrieved 1 June 2021 Faster flow promise in flyover unveil The Telegraph Retrieved 3 June 2021 Mamata paves way for Metro s northern journey The Times of India 3 January 2010 Retrieved 3 June 2021 BARN Baranagar Road indiarailinfo com Retrieved 3 June 2021 18th century BT Road s transformation documented The Indian Express 18 February 2017 Retrieved 29 May 2021 Official Website of Barrackpore Sub Division barrackpore gov in Retrieved 31 May 2021 Around the City of Joy The Statesman New Delhi 22 February 2017 Retrieved 29 May 2021 Reinvention of India s oldest metalled road The Statesman 18 February 2017 ISSN 0972 0219 Patnaik Prabhat 2012 Re envisioning Socialism PDF Columbia University Press p 194 ISBN 978 8189487966 Chakraborty Tapas 24 April 2021 Industrial workers on Kolkata s outskirts resigned to their fate National Herald Retrieved 31 May 2021 a b c d Mandal Sanjay 26 February 2015 Going going RIP Barrackpore Metro The Telegraph Retrieved 29 July 2020 real ties PDF 10 Kolkata N K Realtors P Ltd published April 2014 2014 p 8 Retrieved 3 June 2021 ISI Kolkata Campus isical ac in Retrieved 30 May 2021 Contact rbu ac in Retrieved 1 June 2021 Contact us cmsdh edu in Retrieved 1 June 2021 B T Road Campus caluniv ac in Retrieved 29 May 2021 Contact Information Bengal Chemicals amp Pharmaceuticals Ltd Retrieved 29 May 2021 Activities of the Department ncert nic in Retrieved 1 June 2021 Texmaco Rail amp Engineering Limited www texmaco in Retrieved 29 May 2021 About Us cesc co in Retrieved 1 June 2021 Road Ahead Projects sanctioned mtp indianrailways gov in 8 May 2014 Archived from the original on 17 February 2019 Retrieved 19 May 2020 Bandyopadhyay Krishnendu 16 May 2018 Metro Metro iffy about state s Barrackpore route plan The Times of India Retrieved 28 February 2020 Mandal Sanjay 16 January 2018 Barrackpore Metro detour to Kalyani The Telegraph Retrieved 28 February 2020 Water Supply in Old Days kmwsa gov in Archived from the original on 4 June 2012 Retrieved 14 May 2021 Zohar Zvi 20 June 2013 Rabbinic Creativity in the Modern Middle East Bloomsbury p 20 ISBN 978 1 4725 1150 8 Archived from the original on 12 May 2021 Retrieved 14 May 2021 CS1 maint date and year link Mandal Sanjay 15 May 2018 Govt wants to scrap BT Road Metro route The Telegraph Retrieved 29 May 2021 External links Edit Media related to Barrackpore Trunk Road at Wikimedia CommonsRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Barrackpore Trunk Road amp oldid 1027957918, wikipedia, wiki, book,
article, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.