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Akureyri Language Watch Edit Akureyri ˈaːkʏrˌeiːrɪ listen regionally also ˈaːkʰʏr is a town in northern Iceland It is Iceland s fourth largest municipality after Reykjavik Hafnarfjordur and Kopavogur and the largest town outside Iceland s heavily populated southwest corner AkureyriMunicipalityAn aerial view of downtown AkureyriCoat of armsLocation of the Akureyri MunicipalityCountryIcelandRegionNortheastern RegionConstituencyNortheast ConstituencyGovernment MayorAsthildur SturludottirArea Total138 km2 53 sq mi Population 2019 1 Total18 191 Density131 82 km2 341 4 sq mi Postal code s 600 601 602 603 611 630Municipal number6000Websiteakureyri wbr is Nicknamed the Capital of North Iceland Akureyri is an important port and fishing centre The area where Akureyri is located was settled in the 9th century but did not receive a municipal charter until 1786 2 Allied units were based in the town during World War II Further growth occurred after the war as the Icelandic population increasingly moved to urban areas The area has a relatively mild climate because of geographical factors and the town s ice free harbour has played a significant role in its history Contents 1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Demographics 5 Crime 6 Economy 7 Culture 7 1 Media 8 Townscape 9 Administration 9 1 Law and government 9 2 Timeline of mayors 10 Twin towns sister cities 11 Education 12 Transport 12 1 Airport 12 2 Marine port 12 3 Bus 12 4 Roads 13 Utilities 14 Sports 15 See also 16 References 17 References 18 External linksHistory Edit Akureyri in the late 19th century The Norse Viking Helgi magri the slim Eyvindarson originally settled the area in the 9th century The first mention of Akureyri is in court records from 1562 when a woman was sentenced there for adultery 3 In the 17th century Danish merchants based their camps at the current site of Akureyri which was one of the numerous spits of land in Pollurinn The main reasons for choosing this spot for trading operations were the outstanding natural harbour and the fertility of the area The merchants did not live at Akureyri year round but returned home in the winter 2 Permanent settlement at Akureyri started in 1778 3 and eight years later the town was granted its municipal charter by the king of Denmark who at the time was also king of Iceland along with five other towns in Iceland The king hoped to improve the living conditions of Icelanders by this action because at the time Iceland had never had urban areas As far as the king was concerned Akureyri was unsuccessful because it did not grow from its population of 12 It lost its municipal status in 1836 but regained it in 1862 From then on Akureyri grew because of the excellent port conditions and perhaps more because of the productive agricultural region around it Agricultural products became an important sector of the economy 4 Akureyri with Hlidarfjall behind viewed from the eastern shore of Eyjafjordur morning November 2007 During World War II Akureyri was one of three air bases used by the Norwegian British No 330 Squadron RNoAF 5 The squadron which was formed on 25 April 1941 flew Northrop N 3PB bombers A flight was based at RAF Reykjavik B flight at Akureyri and C flight at Budareyri Reydarfjordur now 5 On 1 December 1940 A and B flights ceased operating from Norwegian bases but C flight continued to fly Northrop N 3PBs from Akureyri until 5 April 1943 5 No 330 Squadron RNoAF also operated Catalina flying boats from Akureyri which protected convoys between the United States the United Kingdom and Murmansk in northern Russia from attack by German submarines 5 6 In the 20th century Iceland experienced an exodus from the countryside to the towns 7 Commerce and service industries grew to be the primary employers in Akureyri in the 1990s 4 Jon Sveinsson a popular author of children s books was born in Akureyri and died in 1944 8 In the early 21st century fishing industries have become more important in Akureyri as two of the major fishing companies of Iceland have become a more important source of revenue and are expected to grow further in coming years The University of Akureyri was founded in 1987 and is growing rapidly Since 2004 the former municipality of Hrisey an island 35 km 22 mi to the north has been a part of Akureyri 9 Hrisey which has a population of 210 is the second largest island off Iceland and is a site for pet and livestock quarantine The settlement was previously the site of fishing processing 10 The town is located on the southern part of the island 10 The northern part consists of privately owned land that requires passes to enter 10 Aerial panorama of Akureyri taken in June 2017Geography Edit The Glera River Akureyri is located at 65 41 N 18 06 W 65 683 N 18 100 W 65 683 18 100 Coordinates 65 41 N 18 06 W 65 683 N 18 100 W 65 683 18 100 and positioned on the west side of the inland end of the fjord Eyjafjordur It is surrounded by mountains the highest being Stryta 1 451 m 4 760 ft 10 kilometres 6 2 miles to the west and Kerling 1 538 m 5 046 ft at the head of Gleradalur 15 km 9 3 mi to the southwest It has a narrow coastal strip of flat land inland is a steep but low hill In earlier times a few spits of land Icelandic eyri thus Akur eyri jutted from the narrow coast but much land has since been reclaimed from the sea so that today the coastline is more even except for the largest spit Oddeyri which was formed by the river Glera which runs through the town The name of the town is possibly derived from the name of a field that may have been situated near some of the sheltered locations by the river 11 The body of sea between Oddeyri and the end of the fjord is known as Pollurinn The Pool and is known for calm winds and a good natural harbour Akureyri today is centered on Radhustorg Town Hall Square near the northwest corner of Pollurinn The districts of Akureyri are Innbaer the oldest part of town on the strip of land between the hill and Pollurinn south of the central area Brekkan on top of the hill Oddeyri on the peninsula of the same name and Glerarhverfi on the north bank of the Glera also referred to colloquially as THorpid the Village Because of the town s position at the head of a long fjord surrounded by high mountains the climate is more typically inland than coastal with greater variations in temperature warmer summers colder winters than in many other inhabited parts of Iceland However the mountains shield the town from strong winds The relatively warm climate for its latitude allows the botanical gardens to flourish without need of a greenhouse 12 The area around Akureyri has one of the warmest climates in Iceland even though it is only 100 km 62 mi from the Arctic Circle 13 Climate EditAkureyri has either the rare dry summer subarctic climate Koppen Dsc if the 0 C isotherm is used or the incredibly rare cold summer mediterranean climate Koppen Csc if the 3 C isotherm is used with cold though not severe winters and mild summers The snow cover starts forming in late October and melts in April yet snow can lie on the mountain peaks around Akureyri for the whole year Akureyri is a very cloudy town averaging only 1 029 sunshine hours annually with barely any sunshine between November and February which is also due to the town s location less than 100 km from the Arctic Circle but precipitation is much lower than in southern Iceland because the prevailing winds are from the south it is as little as a fifth as much as in Vik i Myrdal Climate data for Akureyri 1981 2010 normals extremes 1949 presentMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 17 5 63 5 14 5 58 1 15 2 59 4 21 5 70 7 24 6 76 3 29 4 84 9 27 6 81 7 27 7 81 9 23 6 74 5 19 5 67 1 17 5 63 5 15 1 59 2 29 4 84 9 Average high C F 1 9 35 4 2 1 35 8 2 8 37 0 5 7 42 3 10 0 50 0 13 5 56 3 15 0 59 0 14 6 58 3 11 0 51 8 6 0 42 8 3 3 37 9 2 4 36 3 7 4 45 3 Daily mean C F 1 2 29 8 1 3 29 7 0 6 30 9 2 0 35 6 5 9 42 6 9 4 48 9 11 1 52 0 10 7 51 3 7 3 45 1 3 0 37 4 0 3 32 5 0 8 30 6 3 8 38 8 Average low C F 4 3 24 3 4 2 24 4 3 3 26 1 0 9 30 4 2 9 37 2 6 4 43 5 8 4 47 1 7 8 46 0 4 7 40 5 0 6 33 1 2 5 27 5 3 9 25 0 1 0 33 8 Record low C F 21 6 6 9 21 2 6 2 23 0 9 4 18 2 0 8 10 4 13 3 2 1 28 2 1 3 34 3 2 2 28 0 8 4 16 9 13 6 7 5 18 5 1 3 20 6 5 1 23 0 9 4 Average precipitation mm inches 60 7 2 39 50 6 1 99 49 7 1 96 28 5 1 12 22 2 0 87 20 7 0 81 32 1 1 26 41 5 1 63 46 8 1 84 72 2 2 84 58 8 2 31 57 0 2 24 540 7 21 29 Average precipitation days 1 0 mm 11 1 8 3 9 8 6 2 4 8 6 4 7 3 7 1 7 9 11 0 10 9 11 3 102 5Average relative humidity 79 4 79 3 78 9 75 7 73 4 73 2 77 8 78 3 77 4 81 2 80 8 79 5 77 9Mean monthly sunshine hours 6 7 34 0 74 2 121 6 165 3 189 9 150 9 132 8 85 4 46 1 14 8 0 2 1 028 6Source Icelandic Met Office precipitation days 1961 1990 14 15 16 Demographics EditOn 1 January 2015 Akureyri had a population of 18 191 of whom 9 011 were males and 9 180 were females 17 About 3 of the population are foreign citizens from 53 different countries 18 In 2014 there were 229 births and 118 deaths in Akureyri 19 Immigration in 2014 was 1 097 individuals while emigration was 1 122 residents 20 Population growth in 2014 was therefore 0 5 The population in 1910 was 2 239 increasing to 7 711 in 1950 and 16 756 in 2005 21 Crime EditCrime statistics have been published by the Iceland national police for 2000 Akureyri had a reported 726 nontraffic offences per 10 000 population compared with a national average of 892 while 2 891 traffic offences per 10 000 population were recorded compared with a national average of 2 397 22 Akureyri has five police officers on call Incidents have occurred where insufficient police officers were on duty to respond to criminal activity in progress as confirmed by the mayor 23 However Akureyri and Iceland in general has one of the lowest crime rates in the world Economy Edit Cruise ship in the harbour The fishing industry has historically been a large and important part of the local economy In recent years other industries and business services have also begun Higher education is also a growing sector in the local economy 4 About 20 of the work force is in the service industry 24 Two of the five largest fishing companies in Iceland are headquartered in Akureyri 11 partly because of the ice free port 4 Other large companies in Akureyri include Samherji Nordurmjolk Brim hf and Vifilfell the largest brewery in Iceland Sjukrahus Akureyrar FSA Akureyri Hospital is a major employer in the area and is one of two major hospitals in Iceland 25 Corporations pay a tax rate of 18 to the national government which is one of the lowest in the world No additional local corporate taxes are levied Property tax at 1 99 accounts for most of the tax base 4 A local government deficit of ISK 1 billion US 9 million was anticipated in 2009 prompting a cut in salaries of the mayor town councilors and committee members by 10 and increases in local taxes and property taxes 26 Culture Edit Hlidarfjall ski slopes just west of the town Akureyri has a robust cultural scene with several bars and reputable restaurants such as Greifinn Bautinn RUB 23 Steak Sushi Kung Fu sushi bar and Gotubarinn The Icelandic folk dance ensemble Vefarinn comes from Akureyri Folk culture in general is more prevalent in Akureyri than in Reykjavik During the summer several festivals are held in Akureyri and the surrounding area One example is the medieval festival held every summer at Gasir The Akureyri International Music Festival a concert series by bands was held for the fourth time in 2009 27 The town has one of the largest libraries in the country 28 Media Edit The Vikudagur newspaper is published in Akureyri 29 The Icelandic National Broadcasting Service Rikisutvarpid operates two radio channels nationwide 30 The several radio stations in Akureyri include FM Akureyri and Voice FM 98 7 Several television stations can be watched in Akureyri N4 is a station whose studios are located in Akureyri 31 Initially a local channel it began to broadcast nationwide in 2008 32 Townscape Edit The town centre of Akureyri Sites that have been cited as areas of interest include various museums churches and the Botanical Gardens Local museums 33 include the Minjasafnid a Akureyri Akureyri Museum 34 Listasafnid a Akureyri Akureyri Art Museum Nonnahus Nonni house or Jon Sveinsson Memorial Museum for the writer Davidshus David s house or David Stefansson Memorial Museum for the poet Akureyri Museum of Industry a motorcycle museum 35 and Flugsafn Islands Aviation Museum of Iceland 36 The most northerly 18 hole golf course in the world is in the town 13 The Natturufraedistofnun Nordurlands Nature Museum was opened in 1957 and is in the grounds of the Akureyri Botanical Garden 37 The Botanical Gardens Lystigardur Akureyrar are located in Spitalavegur Large churches include the Akureyrarkirkja The church of Akureyri and Glerarkirkja The church of Glera 38 Sundlaug Akureyrar is a swimming pool in Akureyri New residential and commercial growth has required an extension of electricity and water distribution as well as new water drilling 39 Much of the town is heated geothermally 40 Administration EditLaw and government Edit Akureyri is governed by a town council directly elected by those over 18 with registered domicile in the town The council has 11 members who are elected for four year terms The mayor is appointed by the council usually one of the council members is chosen but they may also appoint a mayor who is not a member of the council 41 42 The last elections to the town council were held on May 31 2014 The People s List Listi folksins which won an outright majority in 2010 and The Town List Baejarlistinn merged into L list the Town List of Akureyri They had seven representatives together but now have only two 18 8 The Independence Party Sjalfstaedisflokkurinn received the most votes three seats in the council 25 8 instead of only one previously Social Democratic Alliance Samfylkingin and Progressive Party Framsoknarflokkurinn each got two seats instead of the previous one each Left Green Movement Vinstri hreyfingin graent frambod and Bright Future Bjort framtid each got one seat L list Social Democratic Alliance and the Progressive Party formed a new majority in the council The new majority decided that Eirikur Bjorn Bjorgvinsson mayor of Akureyri since 2010 would continue to serve as mayor Timeline of mayors Edit 1919 1934 Jon Sveinsson 1934 1958 Steinn Steinsen 1958 1967 Magnus Gudjonsson 1967 1976 Bjarni Einarsson 1976 1986 Helgi M Bergs 1986 1990 Sigfus Jonsson 1990 1994 Halldor Jonsson 1994 1998 Jakob Bjornsson 1998 2007 Kristjan THor Juliusson 2007 2009 Sigrun Bjork Jakobsdottir 2009 2010 Hermann Jon Tomasson 2010 2018 Eirikur Bjorn Bjorgvinsson 2018 present Asthildur SturludottirTwin towns sister cities EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Iceland Akureyri is twinned with 43 Alesund Norway Denver United States Gimli Canada Hafnarfjordur Island Lahti Finland Murmansk Russia Narsaq Greenland Randers Denmark Vagur Faroe Islands Vasteras Sweden In 2007 a friendship and fisheries agreement was signed with Grimsby United Kingdom which according to Ice News might lead to a twin cities designation in the future 44 Education Edit The old building Gamli Skoli of Akureyri Junior College There are two high schools gymnasiums in Akureyri 45 one of them being the second oldest in Iceland 46 The Menntaskolinn a Akureyri is a junior college in Akureyri and so is the Verkmenntaskolinn a Akureyri Akureyri Vocational College The University of Akureyri Haskolinn a Akureyri was founded in 1987 There are 3 faculties or colleges the Faculty of Business and Science Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences and Faculty of Health Sciences 47 The university offers master s degrees in several subjects Transport EditAirport Edit Aerial view of the fjord Akureyri Airport one of four international airports in Iceland and the only international airport in the north of the country 48 was constructed in 1955 replacing the airstrip at Melgerdismelar further to the south 49 The current airport is mostly used for domestic flights with seasonal scheduled international flights and flights to Nerlerit Inaat in Greenland throughout the whole year Icelandair flies several times a day to Reykjavik 50 and there are also domestic flights to Grimsey a small island to the north and to Vopnafjordur and THorshofn both small settlements in northeast Iceland In 2007 Akureyri Airport had a passenger traffic level of 221 200 and 19 778 aircraft movements 51 Marine port Edit The port of Akureyri is vital to the town which largely bases its livelihood on fisheries It is the site of large fish processing plants and has docking facilities for trawlers 52 It is also important for freight handling and for tourism as cruise ships stop in Akureyri during the summer months 53 The ice free nature of the port has been important in the town s establishment 54 Bus Edit SBA Nordurleid Icelandic Bus Company northern route is an Akureyri based company that provides a long distance bus service to the town 55 Local bus services within Akureyri are provided by the SVA Akureyri Bus Company which does not charge fares The cessation of fares in 2008 resulted in an increase of 130 in passenger numbers compared to the previous year when fares were charged 56 Roads Edit Route 1 or the Ring Road THjodvegur 1 or Hringvegur connects the town with the other parts of the country including Reykjavik which is 390 kilometres 242 miles away The road is mostly one lane in each direction but is paved and open year round 57 There are no paved roads from Akureyri to the unpopulated interior of the island However the F821 mountain road is open in summer it climbs southwards from Akureyri and connects with the F26 mountain road across the interior to the SW of the country Parking in the central area requires use of a parking disc indicating the time that parking has commenced Parking is free but is limited in certain areas to a maximum period ranging from 15 minutes to 2 hours 10 The Vadlaheidi tunnel opened for traffic in December 2018 reduced the road distance from Akureyri to Myvatn lake by 16 kilometres 9 9 mi It ran overbudget and was one of Iceland s most expensive tunnel projects encountering political and engineering difficulties 58 The total project cost is estimated to be between ISK 16 17 billion US 160 170 million EUR 130 138 million reaching double the initially estimated ISK 8 7 billion 59 Utilities EditAkureyri has been heated geothermally since the late 1970s Starting in 1928 there were unsuccessful attempts to develop geothermal energy During this period electricity and oil were used for heating Construction of a geothermal distribution system was begun in 1976 after the discovery of a commercially viable source in 1975 Distribution was widespread by 1979 40 The Laugaland field near Akureyri was the first geothermal source commercially developed The Ytri Tjarnir field followed To obtain sufficient water flow additional fields were developed at Botn in 1980 Glerardalur 2 kilometres 1 mi SW of the town in 1981 and THelamork 10 kilometres 6 mi north of the town in 1992 Water temperature is generally 65 to 75 C 149 to 167 F but can drop to 45 C 113 F during hot summer days clarification needed The cost of geothermal production is at 32 mill kwh clarification needed higher than the Icelandic national average of 11 but slightly less than the cost of imported heating oil There is diminishing excess capacity but there are known and untapped resources near the town Furthermore there have been proposals to reinject water to extend the life of the sources 40 Sports EditKnattspyrnufelag Akureyrar KA and THor Akureyri are the two biggest multi sport clubs in the town They field teams in several sports such as basketball football and handball The most successful football team of late in the town has been THor KA a joint women s team from KA and THor Since 2008 it has finished in the top four in the top tier Urvalsdeild kvenna winning the national championship in 2012 and 2017 The clubs also have two men s football teams under their own names The clubs field a joint team in women s handball KA THor They fielded a joint men s team under the name Akureyri Handboltafelag from 2016 to 2017 before KA broke off from the cooperation and fielded a separate team in 2017 2018 In basketball THor fields both men s and women s team Its women s team has won the national championship three times in 1969 1971 and 1976 60 The town s ice hockey team Skautafelag Akureyrar is the most successful team in the history of the Icelandic Hockey League with 20 championships from 1992 to 2018 61 The Akureyri Golf Club is the second oldest golf club in Iceland behind the Reykjavik Golf Club It was established in 1935 and is the annual location of The Arctic Open held each summer solstice The town is also the birthplace of Icelandic footballers Birkir Bjarnason and Aron Gunnarsson as well as mixed martial arts fighter Gunnar Nelson 62 See also EditSandgerdisbotReferences Edit Population by municipalities sex and age 1 January 1998 2019 Current municipalities PX Web Retrieved 7 April 2019 a b Evans 2008 p 310 a b From the history of Akureyri akureyri is Archived from the original on 2012 04 23 Retrieved 2009 07 13 a b c d e Akureyri region Iceland s fastest growing region and a nice region to live in too Akureyri Region Business Agency Archived from the original on 2010 07 04 Retrieved 2009 07 03 a b c d Olsen Bjorn 1981 Norwegian Northrop In After the Battle No 31 pages 43 50 Jefford C G RAF Squadrons a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912 Shrewsbury Airlife Publishing 2001 ISBN 1 84037 141 2 Norman Hans Runblom Harald Migration patterns in the Nordic countries PDF Uppsala Universitet Archived from the original PDF on 2011 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Akureyri Flugsafn Islands Archived from the original on September 28 2008 Retrieved 2009 06 12 Hortus Bottanicus Akureyrensis Home Lystigardur Akureyrar Archived from the original on 2009 04 17 Retrieved 2009 06 12 Akureyrarkirkja Akureyri Cultural and Marketing Office Archived from the original on 2010 08 24 Retrieved 2009 07 06 Iceland Akureyri Municipality Energy and water Nordic Investment Bank Archived from the original on 2011 06 16 Retrieved 2009 06 18 a b c olafur G Flovenz Franz Arnason Magnus Finnsson Gudni Axelsson1 Hitaveita District Heating in Akureiyi PDF geoheat oit edu Archived PDF from the original on 2010 06 18 Retrieved 2009 06 18 Samthykkt um stjorn Akureyrarkaupstadar og fundarskop baejarstjornar Baejarstjorn akureyri is Archived from the original on 2007 08 08 Retrieved 2009 07 06 Samstarfssamningur Samfylkingar og Sjalfstaedisflokks Baejarstjorn akureyri is Archived from the original on 2007 08 08 Retrieved 2009 07 06 Vinabaeir akureyri is in Icelandic Akureyri 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from the original on 2009 02 08 Retrieved 2009 06 12 AFE 2004 p 6 Scheduled bus service SBA Nordurleid Akureyri Bus Company Archived from the original on 2009 05 31 Retrieved 2009 06 12 Free Bus Rides in Akureyri Pay Off Iceland Review Online Archived from the original on 2012 02 17 Retrieved 2009 06 28 AFE 2004 p 9 Hafstad Vala 2017 05 02 Breakthrough in North Iceland Tunnel Iceland Review Archived from the original on 2017 08 24 Retrieved 2017 08 23 Ciric Jelena 2018 03 13 North Iceland Tunnel to Cost Over ISK 16 Billion Iceland Review Archived from the original on 2018 10 02 Retrieved 2018 10 02 Meistaratitlar kvenna Archived from the original on 2018 07 25 Retrieved 2018 07 25 Einar Sigtryggsson 7 April 2018 Tuttugasti Islandsmeistaratitill SA Morgunbladid in Icelandic Archived from the original on 25 July 2018 Retrieved 25 July 2018 Golf Visit Akureyri Archived from the original on 2016 05 09 Retrieved 2016 06 18 References EditAFE 2004 Fresh Location PDF AFE Investment promotion agency Archived from the original PDF on 2012 02 14 Cite journal requires journal help Evans Andrew 2008 Iceland Bradt Travel Guides ISBN 978 1 84162 215 6 Parnell Fran O Carroll Etain 2007 Iceland Lonely Planet Publications ISBN 978 1 74104 537 6 Akureyri Municipal Website akureyri is In Icelandic and English Travel Guide for Akureyri Akureyri Cultural and Marketing Office In Icelandic and English Port of Akureyri port is In English RES The School for Renewable Energy Science res is Archived from the original on 2016 01 21 CS1 maint bot original URL status unknown link In English External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Akureyri Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Akureyri University of Akureyri SCA Shire of Klakavirki based in AkureyriRetrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Akureyri amp oldid 1024052865, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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