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ANOM Language Watch Edit For the French branch of the Archives Nationales see Archives nationales d outre mer The ANOM also stylized as AN0M or LNOM sting operation known as Operation Trojan Shield or Operation Ironside is a collaboration by law enforcement agencies from several countries running between 2018 and 2021 that intercepted millions of messages sent through the supposedly secure smartphone based messaging app ANOM The ANOM service was widely used by criminals but instead of providing secure communication it was actually a trojan horse covertly distributed by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI and the Australian Federal Police AFP enabling them to monitor all communications Through collaboration with other law enforcement agencies worldwide the operation resulted in the arrest of over 800 suspects allegedly involved in criminal activity in 16 countries Among the arrested people were alleged members of Australian based Italian mafia Albanian organised crime outlaw motorcycle clubs drug syndicates and other organised crime groups ANOM ANOM app logo top the seal of the FBI s Operation Trojan Shield bottom left and the logo of the AFP s Operation Ironside bottom right DateOctober 2018 initial device distribution 8 June 2021 search warrant execution Location100 countriesMotiveSurveillance of criminal activityOrganised byU S Federal Bureau of Investigation Europol Australian Federal Police and othersOutcome800 arrests seizure of 40 tons of drugs 250 guns 55 luxury cars and over 148 million in currencies and cryptocurrencies Contents 1 Background 2 Distribution and usage 3 Arrests and reactions 3 1 Australia 3 2 Germany 3 3 Netherlands 3 4 Sweden 3 5 United States 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksBackground EditThe shutdown of the Canadian secure messaging company Phantom Secure in March 2018 left international criminals in need of an alternative system for secure communication 1 Around the same time the San Diego FBI branch had been working with a person who had been developing a next generation encrypted device for use by criminal networks The person was facing charges and cooperated with the FBI in exchange for a reduced sentence The person offered to develop ANOM and then distribute it to criminals through their existing networks 2 3 The first communication devices with ANOM were offered by this informant to three former distributors of Phantom Secure in October 2018 4 The FBI also negotiated with an unnamed third country to set up a communication interception but based on a court order that allowed passing the information back to the FBI Since October 2019 ANOM communications have been passed on to the FBI from this third country 1 The FBI named the operation Trojan Shield 5 and the AFP named it Ironside 6 Distribution and usage Edit ANOM app screenshot The ANOM devices consisted of a messaging app running on smartphones that had been specially modified to disable normal functions such as voice telephony email or location services After checking that normal functionality was disabled 7 the messaging apps then communicated with one another via supposedly secure proxy servers which then copied all sent messages to servers controlled by the FBI The FBI could then decrypt the messages with a private key associated with the message without ever needing remote access to the devices 3 8 The devices also had a fixed identification number assigned to each user allowing messages from the same user to be connected to each other 8 According to a since deleted Reddit post discovered by Motherboard the ANOM app was for Android 9 better source needed a WordPress blog post described the app as using a custom Android OS 10 better source needed About 50 devices were distributed in Australia for beta testing from October 2018 The intercepted communications showed that every device was used for criminal activities primarily being used by organised criminal gangs 1 3 Use of the app spread through word of mouth 3 and was also encouraged by undercover agents 11 drug trafficker Hakan Ayik was identified as someone who was trusted and was going to be able to successfully distribute this platform and without his knowledge was encouraged by undercover agents to use and sell the devices on the black market further expanding its use 11 12 After users of the devices requested smaller and newer phones new devices were designed and sold 4 The most commonly used languages on the app were Dutch German and Swedish 13 After a slow start the rate of distribution of ANOM increased from mid 2019 By October 2019 there were several hundred users By May 2021 there had been 11 800 devices with ANOM installed of which about 9 000 were in use 1 New Zealand had 57 users of the ANOM communication system 14 The Swedish Police had access to conversations from 1 600 users of which they focused their surveillance on 600 users 15 Europol stated 27 million messages were collected from ANOM devices across over 100 countries 16 Some skepticism of the app did exist one March 2021 WordPress blog post called the app a scam 10 17 3 Arrests and reactions Edit ANOM website screenshot 10 June 2021 The sting operation culminated in search warrants that were executed simultaneously around the globe on 8 June 2021 14 It is not entirely clear why this date was chosen but news organisations have speculated it might be related to a warrant for server access expiring on 7 June 3 The background to the sting operation and its transnational nature was revealed following the execution of the search warrants Over 800 people were arrested in 16 countries 18 19 20 Among the arrested people were alleged members of Australian based Italian mafia Albanian organised crime outlaw motorcycle gangs drug syndicates and other crime groups 18 6 21 In the European Union arrests were coordinated through Europol 22 Arrests were also made in the United Kingdom although the National Crime Agency was unwilling to provide details about the number arrested 23 The seized evidence included almost 40 tons of drugs over eight tons of cocaine 22 tons of cannabis and cannabis resin six tons of synthetic drug precursors two tons of synthetic drugs 250 guns 55 luxury cars 20 and more than 48 million in various currencies and cryptocurrencies In Australia 224 people were arrested on 526 total charges 21 In New Zealand 35 people were arrested and faced a total of 900 charges Police seized 3 7 million in assets including 14 vehicles drugs firearms and more than 1 million in cash 24 25 Over the course of the three years more than 9 000 police officers across 18 countries were involved in the sting operation Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said that the sting operation had struck a heavy blow against organised crime Europol described it as the biggest ever law enforcement operation against encrypted communication 18 Australia Edit About 50 of the devices had been sold in Australia Police arrested 224 suspects and seized 104 firearms and confiscated cash and possessions valued at more than 45 million AUD 26 Germany Edit In Germany the majority of the police activity was in the state of Hesse where 60 of the 70 nationwide suspects were arrested 27 Police searched 150 locations and in many cases under suspicion of drug trafficking 28 Netherlands Edit In the Netherlands 49 people were arrested by Dutch police while they investigated 25 drug production facilities and narcotics caches Police also seized eight firearms large supplies of narcotics and more than 2 3 million euros 13 Sweden Edit See also Gun violence in Sweden In Sweden 155 people were arrested as part of the operation 15 According to police in Sweden which received intelligence from the FBI during an early phase of the operation it was discovered that many of the suspects were in Sweden Linda Staaf head of the Swedish police s intelligence activities said that the suspects in Sweden had a higher discuss higher than what rate of violent crime than the other countries 29 United States Edit No arrests were made in the United States because of privacy laws that prevented law enforcement from collecting messages from domestic subjects 30 See also EditEncroChat Sky GlobalReferences Edit a b c d Multiple sources Cheviron Nicholas 17 May 2021 Affidavit in support of application for search warrant documentcloud org Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 unsealed trojan shield search warrant 21mj1948 pdf United States Department of Justice Federal government of the United States Archived from the original on 10 June 2021 Retrieved 10 June 2021 Corder Mike and Perry Nick Global sting FBI encrypted app tricks organized crime Archived 8 June 2021 at the Wayback Machine Associated Press 8 June 2021 a b c d e f ANOM global phone sting What we know Raidio Teilifis Eireann Agence France Presse 8 June 2021 Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 a b Zhuang Yan Peltier Elian Feuer Alan 8 June 2021 The Criminals Thought the Devices Were Secure But the Seller Was the F B I The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Harding Luke 8 June 2021 Hundreds arrested in global crime sting after underworld app is hacked The Guardian Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 a b Westcott Ben FBI and Australian Federal Police encrypted app trap ensnares hundreds of criminal suspects CNN Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Sharwood Simon Australian cops FBI created backdoored chat app told crims it was secure then snooped on 9 000 users plots The Register Archived from the original on 8 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 a b Robertson Adi 8 June 2021 The FBI secretly launched an encrypted messaging system for criminals The Verge Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Trojan Shield How the FBI Secretly Ran a Phone Network for Criminals www vice com Retrieved 12 June 2021 a b ANOM Encrypted Scam Exposed ANOM Exposed Archived from the original on 6 June 2021 Retrieved 13 June 2021 a b Taouk Maryanne 8 June 2021 Underworld figure Hakan Ayik unwittingly helped Operation Ironside the AFP s biggest criminal sting Australian Broadcasting Corporation Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Hakan Ayik The man who accidentally helped FBI get in criminals pockets BBC News 8 June 2021 Archived from the original on 8 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 a b 49 NL arrests in international encrypted phones operation NL Times 8 June 2021 Retrieved 10 June 2021 a b Anom The app at the heart of the FBI s major transnational sting The New Zealand Herald 8 June 2021 Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 a b Smed Akvelina 8 June 2021 155 tungt kriminella gripna i Sverige i stor insats 155 serious criminals arrested in Sweden in large operation SVT Nyheter in Swedish Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Chappell Bill Drug Rings Favorite New Encrypted Platform Had One Flaw The FBI Controlled It NPR Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Anom Encrypted App Analysis 9 June 2021 Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 9 June 2021 a b c ANOM Hundreds arrested in massive global crime sting BBC News 8 June 2021 Archived from the original on 8 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Cox Joseph 8 June 2021 Trojan Shield How the FBI Secretly Ran a Phone Network for Criminals Vice magazine Archived from the original on 8 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 a b Svetlova Anna 8 June 2021 Evropol zaderzhal bolee 800 prestupnikov v ramkah mezhdunarodnoj operacii Europol detained over 800 criminals as part of an international operation in Russian Gazeta ru Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 a b AFP led Operation Ironside smashes organised crime Press release Australian Federal Police 8 June 2021 Archived from the original on 8 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Trojan Shield Europol details massive organized crime sting Deutsche Welle 8 June 2021 Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Davis Margaret UK criminals among those duped into using secret message service run by the FBI Belfast Telegraph ISSN 0307 1235 Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Corder Mike Perry Nick 8 June 2021 FBI encrypted app hailed as a shining example of collaboration between world cops for tricking gangs Stuff Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Anom The app at the heart of the FBI s major transnational sting The New Zealand Herald Archived from the original on 9 June 2021 Retrieved 8 June 2021 Checks and balances needed for new police surveillance powers The Sydney Morning Herald 9 June 2021 Retrieved 11 June 2021 Nach Europol Razzia Verdachtige in Untersuchungshaft After Europol raid Suspects in custody Die Welt in German 9 June 2021 Retrieved 10 June 2021 Nach Europol Razzia Dutzende Beschuldigte in Deutschland After Europol raid dozens of suspects in Germany saarbruecker zeitung de in German 9 June 2021 Retrieved 10 June 2021 Smed Akvelina Jonsson Oskar Boati David 8 June 2021 Underrattelsechefen Sveriges anvandare stack ut The head of intelligence Sweden s users stood out SVT Nyheter in Swedish Archived from the original on 10 June 2021 Retrieved 9 June 2021 The FBI played a huge role in Operation Ironside but haven t made a single arrest here s why www abc net au 14 June 2021 Retrieved 15 June 2021 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Operation Trojan Shield Domain Seized as of 8 June 2021 this displays FBI and AFP graphics a Trojan Shield graphic and a This domain has been seized notice with a form inviting visitors To determine if your account is associated with an ongoing investigation please enter any device details below Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title ANOM amp oldid 1028881892, wikipedia, wiki, 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