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7 West 54th Street Language Watch Edit 7 West 54th Street also the Philip Lehman Residence is a commercial building in the Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of New York City It is along 54th Street s northern sidewalk between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue The four story building was designed by John H Duncan in the French Beaux Arts style and was constructed between 1899 and 1900 as a private residence It is one of five consecutive townhouses erected along the same city block during the 1890s the others being 5 11 13 and 15 West 54th Street Philip Lehman ResidenceU S Historic district Contributing propertyNYC Landmark No 1102The house as viewed in March 2011Location7 West 54th Street Manhattan New YorkCoordinates40 45 42 N 73 58 34 W 40 76156 N 73 97609 W 40 76156 73 97609 Coordinates 40 45 42 N 73 58 34 W 40 76156 N 73 97609 W 40 76156 73 97609ArchitectJohn H DuncanArchitectural styleFrench Beaux ArtsPart ofResidences at 5 15 West 54th Street ID89002260 1 NYCL No 1102Significant datesAdded to NRHPJanuary 4 1990Designated NYCLFebruary 3 1981 The facade is made entirely of limestone with a smooth facade at the first floor and rusticated blocks on the upper stories Above the centrally positioned main entrance is a balcony at the second story The house is topped by a slate mansard roof The house was built with twelve rooms and various hallways and alcoves Much of the interior furnishings from the house s completion in 1900 have been removed or relocated The house was commissioned for banker Philip Lehman who lived in the house until he died in 1947 The house was then occupied by his son Robert Lehman who lived there until his own death in 1969 The house was then sold in 1974 The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated the house as an official landmark in 1981 and it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990 as part of the 5 15 West 54th Street Residences historic district The building was purchased by a group of investors in 2005 and Belmont Freeman was hired to renovate the building the next year largely to the house s original design Contents 1 Site 2 Design 2 1 Facade 2 2 Interior 3 History 3 1 Residence 3 2 Later use 4 See also 5 References 5 1 Citations 5 2 SourcesSite Edit7 West 54th Street is in the Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of New York City It is along the northern sidewalk of 54th Street between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue The land lot is rectangular and covers 2 510 square feet 233 m2 with a frontage of 25 feet 7 6 m on 54th Street and a depth of 100 42 feet 30 61 m 2 The building is the second easternmost of five consecutive townhouses erected along the same city block with 5 West 54th Street to its east as well as 11 13 and 15 West 54th Street to its west 3 4 The five townhouses are adjoined by the Rockefeller Apartments to the west The Peninsula New York and the St Regis New York hotels to the northeast the University Club of New York and 689 Fifth Avenue to the east the William H Moore House and Saint Thomas Church to the southeast and the Museum of Modern Art to the south 2 Fifth Avenue between 42nd Street and Central Park South 59th Street was relatively undeveloped through the late 19th century 5 The surrounding area was once part of the common lands of the city of New York 6 The Commissioners Plan of 1811 established Manhattan s street grid with lots measuring 100 feet 30 m deep and 25 feet 7 6 m wide 7 Upscale residences were constructed around Fifth Avenue following the American Civil War 5 8 The two block stretch of West and East 54th Street from Madison Avenue to Sixth Avenue bisected by Fifth Avenue was developed with the houses of prominent figures such as William Henry Moore John R Platt and John D Rockefeller Sr 9 The sites of the five houses at 5 15 West 54th Street along with the University Club were formerly occupied by St Luke s Hospital which moved out during 1896 10 11 Design EditThe houses at 5 15 West 54th Street all developed in the late 1890s for wealthy clients were designed as a cohesive grouping unlike other residences in the neighborhood 12 According to The New York Times the houses form the sole remaining real strip of mansions in Midtown Manhattan 13 The houses at 5 7 9 11 and 13 and 15 West 54th Street all had different architects 3 13 7 West 54th Street was designed by John H Duncan in the French Beaux Arts style 3 10 14 Russell Sturgis writing for Architectural Record in 1900 described the house as having a simple and direct conception with its symmetrical entrance and balcony 15 Facade Edit Detail of second story balcony The building is four and a half stories tall and two bays wide 16 It slightly projects outward from the townhouses on each side number 5 on the east and number 11 on the west 17 The entire facade is clad with rusticated blocks of limestone 16 From the ground level a low stoop with four steps leads to the first floor entrance at the center of the facade 17 The main entrance is composed of a set of double glass doors inside a segmental arch There is an ornate cartouche above the doorway with carvings of garlands On either side of the main entrance is one rectangular window each with an iron grille Above either window are ornamented brackets which contain garlands The brackets as well as the cartouche above the main doorway support the second floor balcony 16 17 The balcony at the second story is slightly bowed outward and has a railing with oval openings Behind the balcony are two French windows above which are elaborate cartouches The tops of these cartouches support window sills below either of the two windows at the third story The third story openings are double hung windows with iron grilles in front of their lower panes surrounded by a simple molding There is a cornice above the third story supported by five console brackets three large and two small that alternate with a band of foliate ornament 16 17 Above the cornice is a slate mansard roof Two dormer windows project from the roof each is surrounded by an egg and dart molding and is topped by a cartouche At the attic are three copper framed ocular windows each with their own cartouche as well as a limestone coping along the ridge of the roof 16 18 The house s original exterior is mostly intact except for the second and third story windows which are replacements 16 19 Interior Edit The house has 16 676 square feet 1 549 3 m2 of interior space 20 Much of the interior furnishings from the house s completion in 1900 have been removed or relocated 13 The house was built with twelve rooms and various hallways and alcoves 21 22 The second floor has a high ceiling with a staircase that wraps around itself twice In the early 21st century one of the few original design elements that remained was a projecting bay of leaded glass windows designed in the Gothic style with spiral fluted columns on each side 13 Many of the details were modified in the 1960s when the house contained the art collection of financier Robert Lehman After a renovation in 1962 the reception salon at the ground story was decorated with Italian art green velvet walls and a green carpeted floor A staircase with marble banister led up to a second floor drawing room and to a sitting room with red velvet walls 21 22 The dining room had a marble parquet floor and ceiling with leaded glass windows 23 The third floor had a room with Flemish artwork yellow velvet walls and a fireplace as well as another room with 19th century artwork The fourth floor had drawings while various alcoves and hallways had grotesques and sculptures 21 Part of this renovated interior is replicated at the Robert Lehman Wing of the Metropolitan Museum of Art also known as the Met 24 25 Some of the original decorative elements were reinstalled during a renovation in the 2000s 13 History EditResidence Edit Seen in March 2021 with 5 West 54th Street at right and 9 11 West 54th Street at left In 1896 with the relocation of St Luke s Hospital from Midtown to Morningside Heights Manhattan the hospital s former site on the northern side of 54th Street west of Fifth Avenue became available for development The University Club whose construction commenced the same year was the first structure to be built on the former hospital plot 11 In March 1899 Philip Lehman acquired a plot on 54th Street about 200 feet 61 m west of Fifth Avenue 26 27 Philip Lehman was a prominent banker whose father Emanuel had formed the firm Lehman Brothers 28 John H Duncan was commissioned to design a house on the site Duncan filed plans for the house with the New York City Department of Buildings in May 1899 with the house projected to cost 48 000 29 The house was completed in 1900 10 It was initially occupied by the Lehman family consisting of Philip his wife Carrie and their children Pauline and Robert 30 The Lehmans began collecting major artworks for their house in approximately 1905 24 The art collection grew to include works by artists including Francisco Goya El Greco and Rembrandt 4 The surrounding neighborhood rapidly became a commercial zone after World War I and many neighboring townhouses were converted to commercial use but the Lehman family retained the house for several decades 30 Carrie Lehman died at the house in 1937 By then both Lehman children had moved to their own houses on Park Avenue 31 32 Philip lived as a widower at 7 West 54th Street for another decade until he died in 1947 28 After his father s death Robert Lehman took over the house and used it to store his own art collection 14 16 The house was not used as a residence 22 and the collection was not publicly accessible 21 33 Robert continued to live on Park Avenue although he did invite friends and art scholars to visit the 54th Street house Serge Royaux redesigned the interiors in 1962 21 The art collection was displayed publicly for the first time in November 1962 when a hundred people paid 50 apiece to view the collection as part of an art benefit 34 Throughout the 1960s the art collection was made publicly accessible to raise money for benefits This included fundraisers for New York University in 1963 35 and 1964 36 the Citizens Committee for Children in 1965 37 the Neurological Institute of Presbyterian Hospital in 1966 38 and the Wellesley College Friends of Art in 1967 39 A reporter for the Associated Press called the Lehman collection one of the few great art collections remaining in private hands 22 Later use Edit New York City Landmark plaque at building s entrance When Robert Lehman died in 1969 40 his art collection had 3 000 works 41 In his will Robert requested that the Met preserve the house in exchange for the Met receiving his entire art collection 13 14 so the artwork could be displayed in a similar context to how it had been assembled 42 Originally Lehman wished for the Met to disassemble the whole house and relocate it to the museum building but the Met ultimately only disassembled the interiors 13 Seven rooms were rebuilt to the Met s building where it was reassembled as the Robert Lehman Wing which opened in 1975 25 Meanwhile ownership of the Lehman house was transferred to the 7 West 54th Street Realty Corporation in 1974 43 44 The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated the five houses at 5 15 West 54th Street as city landmarks 45 including the Lehman residence on February 3 1981 10 The Committee for the Preservation of West 54th and West 55th Streets had pushed for the landmark designation At the time the five houses were in various states of preservation the double house at 9 11 West 54th Street was being restored but the twin houses at 13 and 15 West 54th Street had been proposed for demolition 46 On January 4 1990 the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places as part of the Residences at 5 15 West 54th Street historic district 1 The 7 West 54th Street Realty Corporation gave ownership of the building to ZGNY Real Estate LLC in 2000 47 The building was purchased by a group of investors in 2005 for 13 million 20 48 The next year hedge fund Zimmer Lucas Partners hired Belmont Freeman to renovate the building 13 Some of the original decorative elements were deaccessioned from the Met s collection as the Met had not been able to use them 13 20 Other decorative elements which could not be deaccessioned were replicated using plaster molds The house was also extended at its rear and a terrace with a retractable glass canopy was added to the roof The interior was converted to an office building with trading floor equipment 20 After the renovation was completed the house had a temporary certificate of occupancy for several years In May 2012 the building was placed on sale for 65 million or about 4 000 per square foot 43 000 m2 20 49 The asking price was subsequently reduced to 50 million 50 and the house was sold to Pleiades House LLC in 2013 for 40 million 51 52 53 Afterward the house served as an office for talent management agency IMG Artists 54 See also EditList of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan from 14th to 59th StreetsReferences EditCitations Edit a b National Register of Historic Places Weekly Lists for 1990 PDF National Park Service 1990 p 2 Archived PDF from the original on March 25 2021 Retrieved January 1 2021 a b 7 West 54 Street 10019 New York City Department of City Planning Archived from the original on May 19 2021 Retrieved March 20 2020 a b c White Norval Willensky Elliot amp Leadon Fran 2010 AIA Guide to New York City 5th ed New York Oxford University Press p 333 ISBN 978 0 19538 386 7 a b National Park Service 1990 p 2 a b John Peirce Residence PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission June 23 2009 p 2 Archived PDF from the original on June 10 2021 Retrieved April 28 2021 Stokes Isaac Newton Phelps 1915 The iconography of Manhattan Island 1498 1909 compiled from original sources and illustrated by photo intaglio reproductions of important maps plans views and documents in public and private collections p 67 via Internet Archive Jackson Kenneth T ed 2010 The Encyclopedia of New York City 2nd ed New Haven Yale University Press p 558 ISBN 978 0 300 11465 2 Stern Robert A M Mellins Thomas Fishman David 1999 New York 1880 Architecture and Urbanism in the Gilded Age Monacelli Press p 578 ISBN 978 1 58093 027 7 OCLC 40698653 Minnie E Young House PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission November 22 2016 p 4 Archived PDF from the original on September 15 2017 Retrieved May 25 2021 a b c d Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 1 a b National Park Service 1990 p 7 National Park Service 1990 p 8 a b c d e f g h i Gray Christopher June 18 2006 Interior Details Come Home Again to Millionaires Row The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 19 2021 Retrieved May 19 2021 a b c National Park Service 1990 p 10 Sturgis Russell July 1900 The Art Gallery of the New York Streets PDF Architectural Record 10 96 Archived PDF from the original on July 19 2020 Retrieved May 25 2021 a b c d e f g Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 2 a b c d National Park Service 1990 p 3 National Park Service 1990 pp 3 4 National Park Service 1990 p 4 a b c d e Barbanel Josh May 17 2012 Property Record Price Set on 54th Wall Street Journal p A20 ISSN 0099 9660 ProQuest 1013909026 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 a b c d e Gelb Arthur October 15 1962 54th St Mansion Houses Famed Private Art Collection Limited Group Will See Treasures of Robert Lehman Not A Residence PDF The New York Times p 31 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 a b c d Smith Miles A May 14 1964 Lehman Art Collection Displayed In Home Setting The Herald Statesman Associated Press p 17 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Art Secrets The Lehman Collection Barnard Bulletin April 12 1967 p 1 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 a b The Robert Lehman Collection Metropolitan Museum of Art Archived from the original on April 17 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 a b Glueck Grace April 25 1975 Quiet Debut Set for Met s Lehman Wing The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 The Building Department The New York Times March 15 1899 p 12 ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on June 10 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Building News The Real Estate Record Real Estate Record and Builders Guide 63 1618 483 March 18 1899 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 25 2021 via columbia edu a b Philip Lehman 85 Noted Banker Dies PDF The New York Times March 22 1947 p 13 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 The Building Department List of Plans Filed for New Structures and Alterations The New York Times May 18 1899 p 12 ISSN 0362 4331 ProQuest 95680104 Archived from the original on June 10 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 a b Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 pp 2 3 Mrs Philip Lehman Wife of Senior Partner in Firm of Investment Bankers PDF The New York Times November 11 1937 p 25 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 50 000 Gifts Left to Charity By Mrs Lehman Wife of Banker Bequeathed 20 000 to Federation for Jewish Societies New York Herald Tribune November 16 1937 p 16 ProQuest 1240613346 Lehman Art Can Be Seen For 50 Fee Pittsburgh Post Gazette November 20 1962 p 34 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 100 Pay 50 to See Art As Lehman Mansion Opens PDF The New York Times November 28 1962 p 36 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 Lehman Display Will Raise Funds For Arts School Collection to Be Opened to Assist Graduate Institute at N Y U PDF The New York Times September 22 1963 p 91 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 A Public Display Of Lehman Art To Help N Y U Mansion on 54th St Will Be Open to Public in Week of Nov 23 The New York Times October 26 1964 ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Robert Lehmans Will Open Home For Art Benefit Citizens Committee for Children to Be Aided Here May 4 and 5 The New York Times April 18 1965 ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Tour of Lehman Art To Benefit Institute PDF The New York Times March 26 1966 p R17 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 Lehman Art Show To Aid Wellesley PDF The New York Times May 7 1967 p 106 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 Phillips McCandlish August 10 1969 Robert Lehman Financier Dead Robert Lehman Art Collector and Investment Banker Dies PDF The New York Times p 1 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 Glueck Grace March 7 1970 Lehman Objects to Art Bequest Gift of Father s Collection to Metropolitan at Issue The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Glueck Grace April 11 1989 New Look for an Enclave of Art The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 3 Deed Grantor Robert Lehman Foundation Grantee 7 West 54 Street Realty New York City Department of Finance Office of the City Register October 19 1974 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved January 1 2021 Rocky s townhouse tagged a landmark New York Daily News February 6 1981 p 82 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Huxtable Ada Louise June 21 1981 Architecture View Some Good News and Bad for West 54th Street The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Deed Grantor 7 West 54 Street Realty Grantee ZGNY Real Estate LLC New York City Department of Finance Office of the City Register August 16 2000 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved January 1 2021 Deed Grantor ZGNY Real Estate LLC Grantee Lehm Holdings LLC New York City Department of Finance Office of the City Register January 20 2005 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved January 1 2021 Newly listed office building sets price record The Real Deal New York May 17 2012 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Budin Jeremiah December 16 2012 World s Most Expensive Office Chops Price by 15 Million Curbed NY Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 7 West 54th Street TRD Research TRD Research Published by The Real Deal March 14 2019 Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Budin Jeremiah November 6 2013 World s Most Expensive Home Office Sells for 40 Million Curbed NY Archived from the original on May 20 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Deed Grantor Lehm Holdings LLC Grantee Pleiades House LLC New York City Department of Finance Office of the City Register February 6 2014 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved January 1 2021 Barbanel Josh May 12 2015 For Sale a Gilded Age Mansion in Manhattan Wall Street Journal ISSN 0099 9660 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 Sources Edit Wikimedia Commons has media related to 7 West 54th Street 7 West 54th Street Residence PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission February 3 1981 Historic Structures Report Residences at 5 15 West 54th Street PDF National Register of Historic Places National Park Service January 4 1990 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title 7 West 54th Street amp oldid 1028220939, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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