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5 West 54th Street Language Watch Edit 5 West 54th Street also the Dr Moses Allen Starr Residence is a commercial building in the Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of New York City It is along 54th Street s northern sidewalk between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue The four story building was designed by R H Robertson in the Italian Renaissance Revival style and was constructed between 1897 and 1899 as a private residence It is the easternmost of five consecutive townhouses erected along the same city block during the 1890s the others being 7 11 13 and 15 West 54th Street The first floor is clad with rusticated blocks of limestone while the other floors contain buff colored brick trimmed with limestone Dr Moses Allen Starr ResidenceU S Historic district Contributing propertyNYC Landmark No 1101Side view of the houseLocation5 West 54th Street Manhattan New YorkCoordinates40 45 41 N 73 58 34 W 40 7615 N 73 9760 W 40 7615 73 9760 Coordinates 40 45 41 N 73 58 34 W 40 7615 N 73 9760 W 40 7615 73 9760ArchitectR H RobertsonArchitectural styleRenaissance RevivalPart ofResidences at 5 15 West 54th Street ID89002260 1 NYCL No 1101Significant datesAdded to NRHPJanuary 4 1990Designated NYCLFebruary 3 1981 The house was commissioned for neurologist Moses Allen Starr who lived there until he died in 1932 His widow Alice continued to live there until she died in 1942 The next year Robert Lehman bought the residence and lent it to Freedom House The house was used as a veteran s retreat after World War II It was used as the offices of Faberge Inc from 1948 to 1970 and by John S Lastis Inc after 1974 The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated the house as an official landmark in 1981 and it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990 as part of the 5 15 West 54th Street Residences historic district Contents 1 Site 2 Design 2 1 Facade 3 History 3 1 Residence 3 2 Later use 4 See also 5 References 5 1 Citations 5 2 SourcesSite Edit5 West 54th Street is in the Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of New York City It is along the northern sidewalk of 54th Street between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue The land lot is rectangular and covers 2 510 square feet 233 m2 with a frontage of 25 feet 7 6 m on 54th Street and a depth of 100 42 feet 30 61 m 2 The building is the easternmost of five consecutive townhouses erected along the same city block from east to west the other houses are 7 11 13 and 15 West 54th Street 3 4 The five townhouses are adjoined by the Rockefeller Apartments to the west The Peninsula New York and the St Regis New York hotels to the northeast the University Club of New York and 689 Fifth Avenue to the east the William H Moore House and Saint Thomas Church to the southeast and the Museum of Modern Art to the south 2 Fifth Avenue between 42nd Street and Central Park South 59th Street was relatively undeveloped through the late 19th century 5 The surrounding area was once part of the common lands of the city of New York 6 The Commissioners Plan of 1811 established Manhattan s street grid with lots measuring 100 feet 30 m deep and 25 feet 7 6 m wide 7 Upscale residences were constructed around Fifth Avenue following the American Civil War 5 8 The two block stretch of West and East 54th Street from Madison Avenue to Sixth Avenue bisected by Fifth Avenue was developed with the houses of prominent figures such as William Henry Moore John R Platt and John D Rockefeller Sr 9 The sites of the five houses at 5 15 West 54th Street along with the University Club were formerly occupied by St Luke s Hospital which moved out during 1896 10 11 Design EditThe houses at 5 15 West 54th Street all developed in the late 1890s for wealthy clients were designed as a cohesive grouping unlike other residences in the neighborhood 12 According to The New York Times the houses form the sole remaining real strip of mansions in Midtown Manhattan 13 The houses at 5 7 9 11 and 13 and 15 West 54th Street all had different architects 3 13 5 West 54th Street was designed by Robert Henderson Robertson in the Italian Renaissance Revival style 3 10 14 Russell Sturgis writing for Architectural Record in 1900 described the house as having a too markedly simple front considering the stone cartouche between the second floor windows to be meaningless even as it served to center the facade 15 Facade Edit The building is four and a half stories tall and three bays wide 16 Along the street facade it is set behind an iron railing and a small concrete yard 17 The basement and first floor are clad with rusticated blocks of limestone From the ground level a low stoop leads to the first floor entrance on the left west side of the facade 16 17 The entryway consists of fluted pilasters designed in the Ionic style topped by Scamozzi style capitals The doorway is composed of double glass doors and is topped by an entablature with modillions and a projecting cornice 16 At the center of the entablature and the architrave there are guttae Two windows are on the right side of the first floor facade and contain a keystone flanked by rusticated voussoir blocks 17 The other floors are clad with buff colored brick trimmed in limestone 17 The second story is treated as a piano nobile with two windows containing large entablatures and Ionic pilasters as well as carved panels beneath each window 16 Unlike at the first story the second story pilasters are not fluted There is also a decorative stone cartouche between the two second story windows 16 17 The third floor has three windows with sills supported by brackets Between the third and fourth stories a molded string course runs horizontally across the facade 16 The fourth story also has three windows but these have keystones and a continuous lintel above them A cornice with modillions runs above the fourth story The building is topped by a mansard roof with a stone balustrade Three dormer windows project from the roof each is topped by broken segmental arched pediments containing urns in their centers 16 17 The house s original exterior is mostly intact except for a metal and glass barrier on the roof and air conditioning vents at the third floor 16 17 History EditResidence Edit The house as viewed in March 2021 with 7 West 54th Street at left and University Club of New York at right In 1896 with the relocation of St Luke s Hospital from Midtown to Morningside Heights Manhattan the hospital s former site on the northern side of 54th Street west of Fifth Avenue became available for development The University Club whose construction commenced the same year was the first structure to be built on the former hospital plot 11 In May 1897 Moses Allen Starr acquired a plot on 54th Street about 175 feet 53 m west of Fifth Avenue 18 Starr was a neurology professor at Columbia University and was one of the most prominent neurologists in the United States 14 19 The same month R H Robertson was commissioned to design a house on the site 20 Robertson filed plans for the house with the New York City Department of Buildings in July 1897 with the house projected to cost 60 000 21 The house was completed in 1899 10 It was initially occupied by Starr 14 19 who married Alice Dunning in 1898 22 The surrounding neighborhood rapidly became a commercial zone after World War I and many neighboring townhouses were converted to commercial use but the Starr family retained the house 23 In 1918 Marc Eidlitz amp Son was hired to make modifications to the house although the alteration plans remained private 24 Among the events held at the house was a reception for debutantes in 1921 attended by the Starrs own daughter Katherine 25 as well as a committee in charge of a performance of Parsifal in 1929 26 Moses Allen Starr died in Germany in 1932 27 28 Alice Starr continued to live in the house for a decade after her husband died 23 29 Alice remained in philanthropic activities for example she was involved with management of the West Side Day Nursery from 1902 until her death 30 Alice died in December 1942 at her country estate at Mount Kisco New York 31 Later use Edit Alice Starr s estate sold the house in September 1943 to Robert Lehman whose father Philip Lehman lived at the neighboring 7 West 54th Street 32 Lehman lent the house to the Freedom House organization which moved into the building in January 1944 33 34 That August Americans United for World Organization was also founded at the former Starr residence 35 Freedom House acquired another building at 20 West 40th Street the next year 36 It then served as a rest home used by World War II veterans 23 29 The house was also used for the Victory Clothing Collection s headquarters in 1946 37 Fashion company Faberge acquired the house from Robert Lehman in 1948 38 The next year Katz Waisman Blumenkranz Stein amp Weber were hired to turn the house into offices for 50 000 39 Faberge occupied the house until 1970 and it was sold to John S Lastis Inc in 1974 23 29 In the intervening time it was used for the presentation of the 1971 Straw Hat Award an award for summer theatrical productions in the United States 40 The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated the five houses at 5 15 West 54th Street as city landmarks 41 including the Goodwin residence on February 3 1981 10 The Committee for the Preservation of West 54th and West 55th Streets had pushed for the landmark designation At the time the five houses were in various states of preservation the double house at 9 11 West 54th Street was being restored but the twin houses at 13 and 15 West 54th Street had been proposed for demolition 42 On January 4 1990 the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places as part of the Residences at 5 15 West 54th Street historic district 1 At some point in the late 20th century the building served as headquarters of a Greek shipping company and it was known as Petrola House In 1996 Alan Katzman leased the house for 20 years and converted the house to a retail space for his company men s clothing store Harrison James At the time the house had a private elevator spiral staircase and fourteen fireplaces 43 The Harrison James store contained a reception area inside the entrance and a bar and lounge on the second story 44 The same year fine dining restaurant Maximilian leased the building s rooftop greenhouse The restaurant s operators also opened the second story bar and lounge as well as private dining spaces 45 46 The Harrison James store also featured a barbershop 47 The Research Board a think tank had moved into the building by the early 21st century 48 See also EditList of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan from 14th to 59th StreetsReferences EditCitations Edit a b National Register of Historic Places Weekly Lists for 1990 PDF National Park Service 1990 p 2 Retrieved January 1 2021 a b 5 West 54 Street 10019 New York City Department of City Planning Retrieved March 20 2020 a b c White Norval Willensky Elliot amp Leadon Fran 2010 AIA Guide to New York City 5th ed New York Oxford University Press p 333 ISBN 978 0 19538 386 7 National Park Service 1990 p 2 a b John Peirce Residence PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission June 23 2009 p 2 Retrieved April 28 2021 Stokes Isaac Newton Phelps 1915 The iconography of Manhattan Island 1498 1909 compiled from original sources and illustrated by photo intaglio reproductions of important maps plans views and documents in public and private collections p 67 via Internet Archive Jackson Kenneth T ed 2010 The Encyclopedia of New York City 2nd ed New Haven Yale University Press p 558 ISBN 978 0 300 11465 2 Stern Robert A M Mellins Thomas Fishman David 1999 New York 1880 Architecture and Urbanism in the Gilded Age Monacelli Press p 578 ISBN 978 1 58093 027 7 OCLC 40698653 Minnie E Young House PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission November 22 2016 p 4 a b c d Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 1 a b National Park Service 1990 p 7 National Park Service 1990 p 8 a b Gray Christopher June 18 2006 Interior Details Come Home Again to Millionaires Row The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 19 2021 a b c National Park Service 1990 p 9 Sturgis Russell July 1900 The Art Gallery of the New York Streets PDF Architectural Record 10 96 a b c d e f g h Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 2 a b c d e f g National Park Service 1990 p 3 The Building Department The New York Times May 18 1897 p 10 ISSN 0362 4331 ProQuest 95468857 Retrieved May 20 2021 a b Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 pp 2 3 Building News The Real Estate Record Real Estate Record and Builders Guide 59 1521 778 May 8 1897 via columbia edu The Building Department List of Plans Filed for New Structures and Alterations The New York Times July 16 1897 p 8 ISSN 0362 4331 ProQuest 95478199 Notable June Weddings Miss Alice Dunning and Dr M Allen Starr Married in the Brick Presbyterian Church Dr Van Dyke Officiated Dean Murray of Princeton Assisted Him Miss Tucker Becomes Mrs Jenkins Other Marriages of Interest PDF The New York Times June 8 1898 p 7 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 a b c d Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 3 Contracts Awarded The Real Estate Record Real Estate Record and Builders Guide 101 21 1619 May 25 1918 via columbia edu Debutantes Greeted at Many Parties Misses Katharine E Starr and E Mary Steers Among the Buds Introduced PDF The New York Times December 4 1921 p 22 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 22 2021 Miss Starr Entertains Committee for Parsifal Benfit April 16 to Aid Factory Girls Education New York Herald Tribune December 22 1929 p F1 ProQuest 1112017595 Dr M A Starr Dies Teacher Of Neurology Columbia Professor Emeritus Since 15 Passes in Marienbad Germany 78 New York Herald Tribune September 5 1932 p 7 ProQuest 1221289323 Dr M Allen Starr Neurologist Dead One of the Leading American Authorities in His Field Is Stricken in Germany PDF The New York Times September 5 1932 p 11 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 22 2021 a b c National Park Service 1990 p 10 Mrs M Allen Starr Widow of Physician Long Active in the West Side Day Nursery PDF The New York Times December 19 1942 p 19 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 23 2021 Charity Remembered in Mrs Starr s Will Six Institutions to Share in Bequests Totaling 60 000 PDF The New York Times December 24 1942 p 7 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 22 2021 Lexington Ave Building Sold By A S Hardart Argeal Corp Takes 4 Story Structure at 45th Stree in 150 000 Transfer New York Herald Tribune September 11 1943 p 22 ProQuest 1269811347 Freedom House Moves New York Herald Tribune January 7 1944 p 15A ProQuest 1282804564 Freedom House Moves PDF The New York Times January 7 1944 p 20 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 22 2021 Group Formed To Press Plan to Enforce Peace Americans United for World Organization to Fight Isolationist Candidates B Altman Previews College Successes New York Herald Tribune August 10 1944 p 18 ProQuest 1282952434 Freedom House Dedication Service on West Fortieth Street Year After Willkie s Death New York Herald Tribune October 7 1945 p 45 ProQuest 1267911374 825 Schools to Open Clothing Depots PDF The New York Times January 13 1946 p 19 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 23 2021 Manhattan Transfers The New York Times November 27 1948 p 25 ISSN 0362 4331 ProQuest 108223947 Building Plans Filed The New York Times April 13 1949 p 52 ISSN 0362 4331 ProQuest 105654792 Kay Medford Rooney Win Annual Straw Hat Award The New York Times June 8 1971 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 23 2021 Rocky s townhouse tagged a landmark New York Daily News February 6 1981 p 82 Retrieved May 20 2021 Huxtable Ada Louise June 21 1981 Architecture View Some Good News and Bad for West 54th Street The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 Rothstein Mervyn July 31 1996 Real Estate The News Corporation finds a home for its Fox cable news channel coming in the fall The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 White Constance C R September 17 1996 Patterns The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 Fabricant Florence August 7 1996 Food Notes The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 20 2021 Kummer Corby September 9 1996 Some Like it Hot New York Magazine New York Media LLC 128 130 Retrieved May 23 2021 Grobart Sam January 4 1999 Navigator New York Magazine Retrieved May 23 2021 Research Board Inc The Bloomberg Retrieved May 25 2021 Sources Edit Wikimedia Commons has media related to 5 West 54th Street 5 West 54th Street Residence PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission February 3 1981 Historic Structures Report Residences at 5 15 West 54th Street PDF National Register of Historic Places National Park Service January 4 1990 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title 5 West 54th Street amp oldid 1028220934, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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