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1786 Language Watch Edit 1786 MDCCLXXXVI was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar the 1786th year of the Common Era CE and Anno Domini AD designations the 786th year of the 2nd millennium the 86th year of the 18th century and the 7th year of the 1780s decade As of the start of 1786 the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar which remained in localized use until 1923 Millennium 2nd millenniumCenturies 17th century 18th century 19th centuryDecades 1760s 1770s 1780s 1790s 1800sYears 1783 1784 1785 1786 1787 1788 17891786 in various calendarsGregorian calendar1786 MDCCLXXXVIAb urbe condita2539Armenian calendar1235 ԹՎ ՌՄԼԵAssyrian calendar6536Balinese saka calendar1707 1708Bengali calendar1193Berber calendar2736British Regnal year26 Geo 3 27 Geo 3Buddhist calendar2330Burmese calendar1148Byzantine calendar7294 7295Chinese calendar乙巳年 Wood Snake 4482 or 4422 to 丙午年 Fire Horse 4483 or 4423Coptic calendar1502 1503Discordian calendar2952Ethiopian calendar1778 1779Hebrew calendar5546 5547Hindu calendars Vikram Samvat1842 1843 Shaka Samvat1707 1708 Kali Yuga4886 4887Holocene calendar11786Igbo calendar786 787Iranian calendar1164 1165Islamic calendar1200 1201Japanese calendarTenmei 6 天明6年 Javanese calendar1712 1713Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 daysKorean calendar4119Minguo calendar126 before ROC 民前126年Nanakshahi calendar318Thai solar calendar2328 2329Tibetan calendar阴木蛇年 female Wood Snake 1912 or 1531 or 759 to 阳火马年 male Fire Horse 1913 or 1532 or 760Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1786 August 8 Mont Blanc climbed for the first time Contents 1 Events 1 1 January March 1 2 April June 1 3 July September 1 4 October December 1 5 Date unknown 2 Births 2 1 date unknown 3 Deaths 4 References 5 Further readingEvents EditJanuary March Edit January 3 The third Treaty of Hopewell is signed between the United States of America and the Choctaw January 6 The outward bound East Indiaman Halsewell is wrecked on the south coast of England in a storm with only 74 of more than 240 on board surviving 1 February 2 In a speech before The Asiatic Society in Calcutta Sir William Jones notes the formal resemblances between Latin Greek and Sanskrit laying the foundation for comparative linguistics and Indo European studies March 1 The Ohio Company of Associates is organized by five businessman at a meeting at the Bunch of Grapes Tavern in Boston to purchase land from the United States government to form settlements in what is now the U S state of Ohio 2 3 March 13 Construction begins in Dublin on the Four Courts Building with the first stone laid down by the United Kingdom s Viceroy for Ireland the Duke of Rutland 4 April June Edit April 2 The Creek Nation declares war on the U S State of Georgia over the matter of white settlers on land not ceded by the Creek nation A truce is negotiated on April 17 between Creek Chief Alexander McGillivray Hoboi Hili Miko and U S Army General Lachlan McIntosh but is soon repudiated 5 April 11 Columbia College now Columbia University holds its first graduation with eight students including DeWitt Clinton 6 April 25 The United States and the Kingdom of Portugal sign their first commercial treaty but it is never ratified 7 April 27 British astronomer William Herschel publishes his first list of his discoveries Catalogue of One Thousand New Nebulae and Clusters of Stars two additional books are published in 1789 and 1802 8 May 1 Mozart s opera The Marriage of Figaro premieres in Vienna May 21 The trial in the Affair of the Diamond Necklace ends in Paris June 2 Tignon law enacted by the Spanish Governor of Louisiana Esteban Rodriguez Miro to force black women to wear a tignon headscarf 9 June 6 Nathaniel Gorham is chosen as the new President of the U S Confederation Congress to substitute for John Hancock who cannot take office because of illness 10 June 10 An earthquake caused landslide dam on the Dadu River gives way killing 100 000 in the Sichuan province of China June 25 Gavriil Pribylov discovers St George Island of the Pribilof Islands in the Bering Sea July September Edit July 14 Convention of London between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Spain British settlements on the Mosquito Coast of Central America are to be evacuated Spain expands the territory available to the British in Belize on the Yucatan Peninsula for cutting mahogany July 31 The Kilmarnock volume of Robert Burns Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect is published in Scotland August James Rumsey tests his first steamboat on the Potomac River at Shepherdstown Virginia The Cabinet of Great Britain approves the establishment of a penal colony at Botany Bay in Australia August 1 Caroline Herschel discovers a comet the first discovered by a woman August 8 Mont Blanc is climbed for the first time by Dr Michel Gabriel Paccard and Jacques Balmat August 11 Captain Francis Light acquires the island of Penang from the Sultan of Kedah on behalf of the British East India Company renaming it Prince of Wales Island in honour of the heir to the British throne 11 the first colony of the British Empire in Southeast Asia August 17 The paternal nephew of Frederick the Great Frederick William becomes King of Prussia as Frederick William II August 18 The Kingdom of Denmark including Norway charters six settlements in Iceland to trade with it thus ending the Danish Icelandic Trade Monopoly and founding Reykjavik August 29 Shays Rebellion begins in Massachusetts September December Goethe undertook his Italian Journey published in 1817 September 2 A hurricane strikes Barbados September 11 14 The Annapolis Convention is held by delegates from six of the 13 states Maryland Virginia Pennsylvania Delaware New Jersey and New York resulting in the scheduling of the Philadelphia Convention to draft a national constitution 10 September 14 Connecticut cedes to the United States all of its claims to lands between the 41st and 42nd parallels north and west of the Connecticut Western Reserve 10 September 26 Eden Agreement A commercial treaty is signed between the Kingdoms of Great Britain and France 12 October December Edit Ostersund October 6 HMS Bellerophon begins service with the Royal Navy 13 October 10 The Confederation Congress of the United States directs backpay for seven months for Virginia officers who have been waiting since 1782 14 October 12 King George III of the United Kingdom appoints Captain Arthur Phillip as the first Governor of New Holland which comprises the area of modern Australia from the 135th meridian east to the east coast and all adjacent islands in the Pacific Ocean 15 October 16 The Confederation Congress establishes the United States Mint to make common coinage and currency for the U S to replace individual state coins 10 October 23 The 13th century AH begins on the Islamic calendar on the 1st of Muharram 1201 AH The settlement of Ostersund is established in Sweden 16 October 24 General David Cobb of the Massachusetts militia defeats a body of rebel insurgents at Taunton Massachusetts in one of the battles of Shays Rebellion 17 November 7 The oldest musical organization in the United States the Stoughton Musical Society is founded November 30 Peter Leopold Joseph of Habsburg Lorraine Grand Duke of Tuscany promulgates a penal reform making his country the first state to abolish the death penalty November 30 is therefore commemorated by 300 cities around the world as Cities for Life Day December 4 Mission Santa Barbara is founded by Padre Fermin Lasuen as the tenth of the Spanish missions in California December 4 Mission Santa Barbara is founded December 20 Robert Burns s Address to a Haggis is first published in Edinburgh Date unknown Edit The town of Martinsborough North Carolina named for Royal Governor Josiah Martin in 1771 is renamed Greenesville in honor of United States General Nathanael Greene by the North Carolina General Assembly the name Greenesville is later shortened to become Greenville The last reliably recorded wolf in Ireland is hunted down and killed near Mount Leinster County Carlow for killing sheep 18 Births EditJanuary 7 John Catron Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States d 1865 January 8 Nicholas Biddle President of the Second Bank of the United States d 1844 January 11 Joseph Jackson Lister English opticist physician d 1869 January 12 Sir Robert Inglis Bt English politician d 1855 January 23 Auguste de Montferrand French architect d 1858 Maria Pavlovna of Russia February 16 Maria Pavlovna of Russia Grand Duchess of Saxe Weimar Eisenach d 1859 February 24 Martin W Bates U S Senator from Delaware d 1869 February 26 Francois Arago French astronomer physicist and politician d 1853 February 24 Wilhelm Grimm German philologist folklorist d 1859 March 4 Agustina de Aragon Spanish heroine d 1857 March 22 Joachim Lelewel Polish historian d 1861 March 25 Giovanni Battista Amici Italian astronomer microscopist and botanist d 1863 April 7 William R King 13th Vice President of the United States d 1853 April 16 John Franklin British naval officer and explorer d 1847 April 28 Elizabeth Andrew Warren Cornish botanist marine algolologist d 1864 May 12 Jean Francois Barriere French historian d 1868 May 29 Alexander Bryan Johnson American philosopher d 1867 June 13 Winfield Scott American general Presidential candidate d 1866 Davy Crockett Princess Victoria of Saxe Coburg Saalfeld August 17 Davy Crockett American frontiersman d 1836 Princess Victoria of Saxe Coburg Saalfeld mother of Queen Victoria d 1861 August 25 King Ludwig I of Bavaria d 1868 August 31 Michel Eugene Chevreul French chemist d 1889 September 10 Nicolas Bravo 3 time President of Mexico d 1854 William Mason American politician d 1860 September 11 Friedrich Kuhlau German composer d 1832 September 18 King Christian VIII of Denmark d 1848 Justinus Kerner German physician d 1862 September 24 Charles Bianconi Italian Irish entrepreneur d 1875 September 29 Guadalupe Victoria 1st President of Mexico d 1843 November 18 Henry Bishop English composer d 1855 Carl Maria von Weber German composer d 1826 December 12 William L Marcy American statesman d 1857 date unknown Edit Caroline Cornwallis English writer d 1858 Kim Jeong hui Korean epigrapher d 1856 probable Moshoeshoe I of Lesotho d 1870 Deaths EditJanuary 4 Moses Mendelssohn Jewish philosopher b 1729 January 7 Jean Etienne Guettard French physician scientist b 1715 January 14 Meshech Weare Governor of New Hampshire b 1713 January 26 Hans Joachim von Zieten Prussian field marshal b 1699 February 25 Thomas Wright British astronomer b 1711 February 28 John Gwynn English architect and engineer b 1713 March 11 Charles Humphreys American delegate to the Continental Congress b 1714 April 10 John Byron British naval officer b 1723 April 20 John Goodricke English astronomer b 1764 May 1 Benjamin Waller American politician b 1716 May 2 Petronella Johanna de Timmerman Dutch poet scientist b 1723 May 15 Eva Ekeblad Swedish scientist and agronomist first female member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences b 1724 May 19 John Stanley English composer b 1712 Carl Wilhelm Scheele May 21 Carl Wilhelm Scheele Swedish chemist b 1742 May 22 Carl Fredrik Mennander Swedish bishop b 1712 May 25 Peter III of Portugal consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal b 1717 June 17 Adam Drummond British politician b 1713 June 19 Nathanael Greene major general in the Continental Army 3rd Quartermaster General b 1742 July 28 Carlo Marchionni Italian architect b 1702 Frederick II of Prussia August 17 King Frederick II of Prussia Frederick the Great b 1712 August 27 Carl Fredrik Scheffer Swedish politician b 1715 September 5 Jonas Hanway English merchant traveler and philanthropist b 1712 September 17 Tokugawa Ieharu Japanese shōgun b 1737 September 18 Giovanni Battista Guadagnini Italian luthier b 1711 October 2 Augustus Keppel 1st Viscount Keppel British admiral b 1725 October 5 Johann Gottlieb Gleditsch German botanist b 1714 October 17 Johann Ludwig Aberli Swiss artist b 1723 October 20 Humphrey Sturt British architect b 1725 October 31 Princess Amelia of Great Britain Second daughter of George II of Great Britain b 1711 November 30 Bernardo de Galvez Spanish military leader who aided the United States in its quest for independence in the American Revolutionary War b 1746 December 26 Gasparo Gozzi Italian critic dramatist b 1713 References Edit Loss of the Halsewell East Indiaman Remarkable Shipwrecks Or A Collection of Interesting Accounts of Naval Disasters With Many Particulars of the Extraordinary Adventures and Sufferings of the Crews of Vessels Wrecked at Sea and of Their Treatment on Distant Shores Together with an Account of the Deliverance of Survivors Andrus and Starr 1813 p 214 Retrieved February 2 2013 Manasseh Cutler the Man Who Purchased Ohio by William F Poole in New England Historical and Genealogical Register April 1873 p161 The Cincinnati Directory Advertiser for the Years 1836 7 J H Woodruff 1836 p198 Sir John Carr The Stranger in Ireland Or A Tour in the Southern and Western Parts of that Country in the Year 1805 Lincoln amp Gleason 1806 p274 Lucian Lamar Knight Georgia s Landmarks Memorials and Legends Byrd Printing 1913 p476 Robert McCaughey Stand Columbia A History of Columbia University Columbia University Press 2012 p54 Robert Morris ed The Papers of Robert Morris 1781 1784 November 1 1782 May 4 1783 University of Pittsburgh Press 1988 p627 Stephen James O Meara Deep Sky Companions The Caldwell Objects Cambridge University Press 2016 p534 Kein Sybil ed 2000 Creole The History and Legacy of Louisiana s Free People of Color Baton Rouge Louisiana State University Press p 62 ISBN 978 0 8071 4205 9 OCLC 703156104 a b c d Lossing Benson John Wilson Woodrow eds 1910 Harper s Encyclopaedia of United States History from 458 A D to 1909 Harper amp Brothers p 167 Williams Hywel 2005 Cassell s Chronology of World History London Weidenfeld amp Nicolson p 339 ISBN 0 304 35730 8 Palmer Alan Veronica 1992 The Chronology of British History London Century Ltd pp 230 231 ISBN 0 7126 5616 2 Colin Pengelly HMS Bellerophon Pen and Sword 2014 Journal of the House of Delegates of the Commonwealth of Virginia January 6 1787 p145 Conquest by Alan Atkinson in Australia s Empire ed by Deryck M Schreuder Deryck Schreuder and Stuart Ward Oxford University Press 2008 p33 Lennart Sundstrom November 5 2013 Foreningen Gamla Ostersund in Swedish Lanstidningen Ostersund Retrieved September 10 2018 Collections of the Old Colony Historical Society No 6 1899 p151 Hickey Kieran R 2000 A geographical perspective on the decline and extermination of the Irish wolf canis lupus PDF Irish Geography 33 185 98 doi 10 1080 00750770009478590 Retrieved February 25 2011 Further reading EditJohn Blair J Willoughby Rosse 1856 1786 Blair s Chronological Tables London H G Bohn hdl 2027 loc ark 13960 t6349vh5n via Hathi Trust 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