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11 West 54th Street Language Watch Edit 11 West 54th Street also 9 West 54th Street and the James J Goodwin Residence is a commercial building in the Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of New York City It is along 54th Street s northern sidewalk between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue The four and a half story building was designed by McKim Mead amp White in the Georgian Revival style and was constructed between 1896 and 1898 as a private residence It is one of five consecutive townhouses erected along the same city block during the 1890s the others being 5 7 13 and 15 West 54th Street James J Goodwin ResidenceU S Historic district Contributing propertyNYC Landmark No 1103The house as seen in March 2021Location11 West 54th Street Manhattan New YorkCoordinates40 45 42 N 73 58 34 W 40 7616 N 73 9762 W 40 7616 73 9762 Coordinates 40 45 42 N 73 58 34 W 40 7616 N 73 9762 W 40 7616 73 9762ArchitectMcKim Mead amp WhiteArchitectural styleGeorgian RevivalPart ofResidences at 5 15 West 54th Street ID89002260 1 NYCL No 1103Significant datesAdded to NRHPJanuary 4 1990Designated NYCLFebruary 3 1981 The building is designed as a double house with a larger unit at 11 West 54th Street to the west as well as a smaller unit at 9 West 54th Street to the east The facade is made of rusticated blocks of limestone on the first story as well as Flemish bond brick on the upper stories Businessman James Junius Goodwin and his wife Josephine lived at the main unit at number 11 with his family and rented number 9 The house initially served as the second residence for James Goodwin who lived primarily in Connecticut James Goodwin died in 1915 and Josephine continued to live in the house until 1939 after which it was used briefly by the Inter America House and the Museum of Modern Art The house was sold to Parsonage Point Realty Company in 1944 and leased to the Rhodes Preparatory School which bought the building in 1949 The house was then sold in 1979 to the United States Trust Company which renovated the structure The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated the house as an official landmark in 1981 and it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990 as part of the 5 15 West 54th Street Residences historic district Contents 1 Site 2 Design 2 1 Facade 2 2 Interior 3 History 3 1 Residence 3 2 Later use 4 See also 5 References 5 1 Citations 5 2 SourcesSite Edit11 West 54th Street is in the Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of New York City It is along the northern sidewalk of 54th Street between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue with an alternate address of 9 West 54th Street The land lot is rectangular and covers 5 000 square feet 460 m2 with a frontage of 50 feet 15 m on 54th Street and a depth of 100 42 feet 30 61 m 2 The building is the center of five consecutive townhouses erected along the same city block with 5 West 54th Street and 7 West 54th Street to its east as well as 13 and 15 West 54th Street to its west 3 4 The five townhouses are adjoined by the Rockefeller Apartments to the west The Peninsula New York and the St Regis New York hotels to the northeast the University Club of New York and 689 Fifth Avenue to the east the William H Moore House and Saint Thomas Church to the southeast and the Museum of Modern Art to the south 2 Fifth Avenue between 42nd Street and Central Park South 59th Street was relatively undeveloped through the late 19th century 5 The surrounding area was once part of the common lands of the city of New York 6 The Commissioners Plan of 1811 established Manhattan s street grid with lots measuring 100 feet 30 m deep and 25 feet 7 6 m wide 7 Upscale residences were constructed around Fifth Avenue following the American Civil War 5 8 The two block stretch of West and East 54th Street from Madison Avenue to Sixth Avenue bisected by Fifth Avenue was developed with the houses of prominent figures such as William Henry Moore John R Platt and John D Rockefeller Sr 9 The sites of the five houses at 5 15 West 54th Street along with the University Club were formerly occupied by St Luke s Hospital which moved out during 1896 10 11 Design Edit Seen in May 2021 13 West 54th Street is at left and 7 West 54th Street is at right The houses at 5 15 West 54th Street all developed in the late 1890s for wealthy clients were designed as a cohesive grouping unlike other residences in the neighborhood 12 According to The New York Times the houses form the sole remaining real strip of mansions in Midtown Manhattan 13 The houses at 5 7 9 11 and 13 and 15 West 54th Street all had different architects 3 13 The double unit at 9 and 11 West 54th Street was designed by McKim Mead amp White in the Georgian Revival style 3 10 14 11 West 54th Street was partly modeled on the third Harrison Gray Otis House in Boston 15 The ornamental steelwork was manufactured by the Prince amp Kinkel Iron Works 16 Russell Sturgis writing for Architectural Record in 1900 described the house as two structures with their facades forced into one 17 Sturgis considered the facade of number 9 as being subordinate to number 11 even though the details of both units otherwise harmonized with each other 17 18 Facade Edit The building is four and a half stories tall and five bays wide The basement and first floor are clad with rusticated blocks of limestone while the three upper floors are clad with brick 19 20 The building was designed with number 11 as the main residence taking up the westernmost three bays and number 9 as a secondary residence taking up the easternmost two bays Nevertheless the entire facade was designed to be largely symmetrical 19 Along the street facade the house is set behind an iron railing and a depressed areaway 19 20 From the ground level a low stoop with four steps leads to the entrance to number 11 at the center of the facade In front of the main entrance is a portico supported by two fluted columns designed in the Ionic style 17 19 20 The columns are topped by Scamozzi style capitals which support a carved panel with a cartouche at its center A cornice with modillions runs above the portico 19 Under the portico is a pair of wood and glass doors inside a stone doorway frame topped by a keystone The rightmost bay also has an entrance which leads to number 9 and is simpler in design than the main entrance The rightmost entrance lacks a portico and has fluted pilasters rather than a simple doorway frame but it contains similar modillioned cornice and double wood and glass doors to the main entrance The other three ground story bays consist of recessed six over six windows with stone voussoirs and paneled keystones 19 20 Above the first floor is a band course with fret designs 19 Close up of second story balconies The second story has five windows with six over nine panes Above each second story window is a lintel and modillioned stone cornice supported by foliated brackets In front of each second story window is a balcony with an iron railing The center window corresponding to the portico and the rightmost window corresponding to the secondary entrance have larger balconies than the three other bays 20 21 These balconies are designed as oblong rhombuses with rosettes in their centers 20 The third and fourth floors each have five windows with six over six panes above which are splayed stone lintels On the third floor the center window has a balcony similar to those on the second floor while the other windows have simple limestone sills Below the fourth floor is a stone string course that doubles as the sill for the fourth story windows 20 21 Above the fourth floor is a modillioned cornice above which is a stone balustrade The attic has a slate mansard roof with five dormer windows that contain hip roofs 20 22 The mansard roof also has three brick chimneys 20 Interior Edit The building contains about 22 500 square feet 2 090 m2 spread across two units 23 According to a real estate listing the house had 11 master bedrooms 11 staff bedrooms 12 fireplaces skylighted staircases and a wood paneled entrance foyer 23 The stairs had carved acorns the entrance and stair landings had decorative pillars and the ceiling had plaster moldings 24 When the house was built number 9 was designed in what was then considered a Federal Revival or Classical Revival design Number 9 had a variety of furniture ranging from 19th century designs to contemporary Herter Brothers furniture as well as an Oriental rug and potted plants 25 Originally the first floor of number 9 had the reception hall in the front and a dining room in the rear The first floor of number 11 had a vestibule and a study in the front a stair hall in the center and a kitchen and servants dining room in the rear The second floor of number 9 had a living room in the front and a library in the rear while the second floor of number 11 had a living room in the front a hall and reception room in the center and an octagonal dining room in the rear 26 27 Number 11 had a walk in safe for silver next to the dining room with a wood paneled closet door concealing the steel entrance into the safe 24 Number 11 s second floor had a high ceiling and a fireplace 28 as well as large mirrors and fireplace mantels 29 In both units the second floor s large windows were designed to face MoMA s rear garden 28 In both residential units the third floor contained numerous bedrooms 26 27 Both units were internally connected on the second floor in 1943 30 After an early 1980s renovation the reception hall was clad in wood paneling while the second floor dining room was restored 31 The United States Trust Company the occupant at the time of the 1980s renovation reproduced many of the original decoration and added a rear annex After the US Trust renovation the house s interior had marble fireplace mantels gilded bronze lights and walls with red paper or green silk damask 25 At the rear of the house a tellers station was installed in a former servants area 25 24 A 17 foot deep 5 2 m bank vault with a security booth and bulletproof windows was constructed 24 History EditResidence Edit Detail of top of the house with 111 West 57th Street in the background In 1896 with the relocation of St Luke s Hospital from Midtown to Morningside Heights Manhattan the hospital s former site on the northern side of 54th Street west of Fifth Avenue became available for development The University Club whose construction commenced the same year was the first structure to be built on the former hospital plot 11 In February 1896 Josephine Goodwin wife of James Junius Goodwin acquired a plot on 54th Street about 225 feet 69 m west of Fifth Avenue 32 James J Goodwin was a prominent Connecticut businessman and railroad director who had a business partnership with his cousin financier J P Morgan 33 McKim Mead amp White was commissioned to design a house on the site 10 15 The architects filed plans for the house with the New York City Department of Buildings in July 1896 with the house projected to cost 90 000 although the building was classified in blueprints as being a pair of residences 34 35 The Goodwin house was the first of the five structures at 5 15 West 54th Street to be developed 12 The house was completed in 1898 10 Initially James and Josephine Goodwin occupied the main unit at number 11 and leased out the secondary unit at number 9 10 36 The Goodwins maintained a house in Hartford Connecticut where James spent most of his time 37 James was also a member of several clubs in New York including the Union Club Century Association and Metropolitan Club 33 37 James died in 1915 and left all of his estate to Josephine and their three sons 38 39 After James s death Josephine continued to live at 11 West 54th Street 22 36 The surrounding neighborhood rapidly became a commercial zone after World War I and many neighboring townhouses were converted to commercial use but the Goodwin family retained the house 22 Their son Walter lived at the house briefly from 1921 to 1922 36 The Goodwin residence was used for events as well In 1924 the dean of Lincoln Cathedral in England hosted a lecture to raise money to repair the damaged church 40 and in 1932 the house hosted a lecture on the importance of Christian missionary work in Japan 41 Number 9 was leased to a variety of residents One of the families that occupied the house was Mr and Mrs Elijah P Smith 22 By 1915 it was the home of William S Bryant who oversaw the execution of Charles Becker a policeman found guilty of murdering gambler Herman Rosenthal 42 In 1921 Josephine Goodwin leased the house to Francis de Ruyter Wissman and his wife 43 Bulletins of New York City social life indicated that the Wissmans were active in social life and that they were still residents of 9 West 54th Street in 1930 44 Josephine Goodwin died in 1939 and left most of the estate to her three sons 45 The windows had been boarded up by 1940 28 Later use Edit Viewed in August 2013 The house was acquired in 1941 by the Inter America House a Latin American cultural organization 28 The organization used the house for events such as a reception for the Mexican consul general 46 an event honoring Latin American Red Cross workers 47 and an event honoring Latin American women on a goodwill tour of the United States 48 In November 1943 MoMA opened a photography annex at the first floor of number 9 and the second floor of both units A hole was cut in the second floor wall to connect the units 30 49 At the time Philip Goodwin was still listed as the owner of record 50 The next year the Parsonage Point Realty Company bought the house 22 36 The Rhodes Preparatory School leased both units for ten years in November 1944 and moved into the house 51 52 The school outright purchased the building in 1949 53 54 Many of the original decorative details were removed by the school 24 The Rhodes School sold the house in 1979 to the United States Trust Company a bank for use as its own headquarters 22 36 The bank had considered moving its headquarters into several other structures including buildings on wide avenues as well as new structures before deciding upon the Goodwin mansion for its architecture 25 The bank hired Haines Lundberg Waehler to restore 9 11 West 54th Street largely to its original design 31 US Trust spent 5 million to ensure as much of the original detail as possible would be preserved or adapted to the bank s use Materials were refurbished or replaced largely to the original specifications and the bank invited James Goodwin s grandson Sage Goodwin to ask him about his childhood recollections of the house s design 25 Bank consultant David G De Long said that original drawings were also used to restore the space 24 The architects even used scraps of original wallpaper to recreate the original wall designs and textures A small annex in the rear was built for bank tellers 25 24 The New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission designated the five houses at 5 15 West 54th Street as city landmarks 55 including the Goodwin residence on February 3 1981 10 The Committee for the Preservation of West 54th and West 55th Streets had pushed for the landmark designation At the time the five houses were in various states of preservation although 9 11 West 54th Street was being restored the twin houses at 13 and 15 West 54th Street had been proposed for demolition 25 The New York Landmarks Conservancy granted the US Trust Company its 1981 Chairman s Award for preserving the house in the renovation 56 On January 4 1990 the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places as part of the Residences at 5 15 West 54th Street historic district 1 US Trust expanded its space into 13 and 15 West 54th Street demolishing a wall separating the two pairs of residences in the late 20th century 57 During the 2000s US Trust became part of Charles Schwab and subsequently Bank of America 24 In 2009 Bank of America sold the building for 29 4 million 58 The buyers DLJ Real Estate Capital Partners and J D Carlisle left it vacant as they wanted to assemble other land lots nearby 24 The owners placed the property for sale in 2015 24 59 11 West 54th Street and an adjacent office building at 10 West 55th Street was sold for 75 million in 2019 to the Wilf family whose offices were at the adjacent 13 and 15 West 54th Street Family member Orin Wilf who led Skyline Partners said at the time that he was unsure what he planned to do with the building 23 60 The Wilf family obtained a 91 million mortgage on the houses soon afterward 61 See also EditList of New York City Designated Landmarks in Manhattan from 14th to 59th Streets National Register of Historic Places listings in Manhattan from 14th to 59th StreetsReferences EditCitations Edit a b National Register of Historic Places Weekly Lists for 1990 PDF National Park Service 1990 p 2 Archived PDF from the original on March 25 2021 Retrieved January 1 2021 a b 9 West 54 Street 10019 New York City Department of City Planning Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved March 20 2020 a b c White Norval Willensky Elliot amp Leadon Fran 2010 AIA Guide to New York City 5th ed New York Oxford University Press p 333 ISBN 978 0 19538 386 7 National Park Service 1990 p 2 a b John Peirce Residence PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission June 23 2009 p 2 Archived PDF from the original on June 10 2021 Retrieved April 28 2021 Stokes Isaac Newton Phelps 1915 The iconography of Manhattan Island 1498 1909 compiled from original sources and illustrated by photo intaglio reproductions of important maps plans views and documents in public and private collections p 67 via Internet Archive Jackson Kenneth T ed 2010 The Encyclopedia of New York City 2nd ed New Haven Yale University Press p 558 ISBN 978 0 300 11465 2 Stern Robert A M Mellins Thomas Fishman David 1999 New York 1880 Architecture and Urbanism in the Gilded Age Monacelli Press p 578 ISBN 978 1 58093 027 7 OCLC 40698653 Minnie E Young House PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission November 22 2016 p 4 Archived PDF from the original on September 15 2017 Retrieved May 25 2021 a b c d e f Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 1 a b National Park Service 1990 p 7 a b National Park Service 1990 p 8 a b Gray Christopher June 18 2006 Interior Details Come Home Again to Millionaires Row The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 19 2021 Retrieved May 19 2021 National Park Service 1990 p 10 a b National Park Service 1990 p 11 Contracts for Structural and Ornamental Work The Real Estate Record Real Estate Record and Builders Guide 59 1524 923 May 29 1897 Archived from the original on May 24 2021 Retrieved May 25 2021 via columbia edu a b c Sturgis Russell July 1900 The Art Gallery of the New York Streets PDF Architectural Record 10 96 98 Archived PDF from the original on July 19 2020 Retrieved May 25 2021 Stern Gilmartin amp Massengale 1983 p 342 a b c d e f g Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 2 a b c d e f g h i National Park Service 1990 p 4 a b Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 pp 2 3 a b c d e f Landmarks Preservation Commission 1981 p 3 a b c Clarke Katherine March 7 2019 Real Estate Bigwigs Buy 19th Century Manhattan Compound Wall Street Journal ISSN 0099 9660 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 a b c d e f g h i j Barbanel Josh May 12 2015 For Sale a Gilded Age Mansion in Manhattan Wall Street Journal ISSN 0099 9660 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 a b c d e f g Huxtable Ada Louise June 21 1981 Architecture View Some Good News and Bad for West 54th Street The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 a b Stern Gilmartin amp Massengale 1983 p 343 a b Digital Exhibits and Collections James J Goodwin House University of Notre Dame Retrieved June 16 2021 a b c d Inter America House Is Made Neighborly Contacts Center Creation by Mrs W A Barber Here Extends Chain Of Hospitality Far and Wide PDF The New York Times September 14 1941 p D5 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 21 2021 Latin America Visitors Aided By Group Here Mrs William A Barber s Committee Extends Hospitality of New Yorkers New York Herald Tribune August 17 1941 p 22 ProQuest 1253775025 a b Museum Center Of Photography Opening Today 2 Former Homes Converted by Modern Art Officials at 9 and 11 West 54th St New York Herald Tribune November 4 1943 p 23 ProQuest 1267986843 a b Deitz Paula July 15 1982 Design Notebook The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 Building News The Real Estate Record Real Estate Record and Builders Guide 57 1459 349 February 29 1896 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 25 2021 via columbia edu a b James J Goodwin Dead Retired Financier a Cousin of the Late J P Morgan Expires at 79 PDF The New York Times June 24 1915 p 11 ISSN 0362 4331 Archived PDF from the original on June 10 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 The Building Department Character of the Plans Filed and Alterations to be Made The New York Times July 22 1896 p 12 ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Downtown Property Sold The World July 22 1896 p 10 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 a b c d e National Park Service 1990 p 12 a b James J Goodwin Dies The Brooklyn Citizen June 24 1915 p 6 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 25 000 000 Left Wife and Sons By J J Goodwin New York Tribune July 4 1915 p 9 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 James J Goodwin Leaves 6 240 529 Cousin of J P Morgan Was a Former Member of the Banking House PDF The New York Times February 1 1916 p 11 ISSN 0362 4331 Archived PDF from the original on June 10 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 Dean Seeks Aid To Save Ancient Englis Cathedral Dr Fry Gives Lecture to 200 Guests at Home of Mrs James J Goodwin The New York Herald New York Tribune March 26 1924 p 15 ProQuest 1112949070 Stark Louis January 20 1932 Rail Unions Dubious That Cut Is Needed They Ask Presidents for Specific Figures on Fixed Charges and Resources PDF The New York Times p 12 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 21 2021 Gets to Prison at 11 35 P M Osborne Grants Unusual Privilege and Parting Is in Keeper s Office PDF The New York Times July 30 1915 p 1 ISSN 0362 4331 Archived PDF from the original on June 10 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 Fine Homes in Fifth Avenue Section to Have New Tenants New York Herald Tribune December 1 1921 p 21 ProQuest 576553674 Notes of Social Activities in New York and Elsewhere The New York Times May 28 1930 p 33 ISSN 0362 4331 ProQuest 98571285 Goodwin Will Leaves Sum To Cathedral Christ Church Gets 25 000 Other Institutions and Relatives Also Benefit The Hartford Courant April 28 1939 p 5 ProQuest 559157540 Union Settlement To Give Reception For Senor Colina Mexican Consul General To BeHonored as Prize inCamp Contest Is Awarded New York Herald Tribune July 27 1941 p D2 ProQuest 1256440961 Reception Fetes Latin American Red Cross Aids Diplomats Distinguished Visitors Are Guests at Inter America House Tea New York Herald Tribune January 15 1942 p 17 ProQuest 1263496652 7 Coffee Queens Reception Guests Young Women Who Represent Latin American Nations on Good will Tour Feted PDF The New York Times December 11 1941 p 36 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 21 2021 Museum Expands Photography Unit Modern Art s New Center at 9 West 54th Street Will Be Open to Public Today PDF The New York Times November 4 1943 p 18 ISSN 0362 4331 Retrieved May 21 2021 Large Uptown Building Sold For 1 082 500 Transfer of Blockfront Aparlineuls Approved by U S Court Other Deals New York Herald Tribune June 9 1944 p 24A ProQuest 1282884858 Rhodes School Leases Old Goodwin Houses New York Herald Tribune November 12 1944 p A11 ProQuest 1261256331 J P Day s Estate Going at Auction Realty Man Reported to Have Spent 1 000 000 on His Place in Short Hills The New York Times November 12 1944 p R1 ISSN 0362 4331 ProQuest 106923627 Rhodes School Buys Building The New York Times May 11 1949 p 52 ISSN 0362 4331 ProQuest 105834229 Syndicate Buys Edgecombe Av Suite Building Godoff Firm Sells House Which It Erected in 1928 New York Herald Tribune May 11 1949 p 39 ProQuest 1326819495 Rocky s townhouse tagged a landmark New York Daily News February 6 1981 p 82 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 20 2021 Landmarks Group Names Award Winner The New York Times November 8 1981 ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 Holusha John December 9 2001 Commercial Property Midtown Manhattan Town Houses Used by Foreign Banks Are for Sale The New York Times ISSN 0362 4331 Archived from the original on May 14 2021 Retrieved May 13 2021 Deed Grantor Bank of America N A Grantee 9 West 54th Street LLC New York City Department of Finance Office of the City Register November 20 2009 Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved January 1 2021 Rosenberg Zoe May 12 2015 One of NYC s Largest Gilded Age Mansions to Return For 65M Curbed NY Archived from the original on May 21 2021 Retrieved May 21 2021 The Wilf family just bought this sprawling Midtown compound for 75M The Real Deal New York March 7 2019 Archived from the original on October 24 2020 Retrieved May 24 2021 Wilf family scores 91M mortgage for mysterious Midtown compound The Real Deal New York March 13 2019 Archived from the original on January 24 2021 Retrieved May 24 2021 Sources Edit Wikimedia Commons has media related to 11 West 54th Street 11 West 54th Street Residence PDF New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission February 3 1981 Historic Structures Report Residences at 5 15 West 54th Street PDF National Register of Historic Places National Park Service January 4 1990 Stern Robert A M Gilmartin Gregory Massengale John Montague 1983 New York 1900 Metropolitan Architecture and Urbanism 1890 1915 New York Rizzoli ISBN 0 8478 0511 5 OCLC 9829395 Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title 11 West 54th Street amp oldid 1028921453, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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